JR Kyoto Line
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|JR Kyoto Line|
223-2000 series EMU on a Special Rapid Service, July 2009
|Locale||Kyoto Prefecture and Osaka Prefecture|
|Termini||Kyoto (Tōkaidō Line)
Osaka (Tōkaidō Line)
|Opened||July 26, 1876 (as part of Tōkaidō Main Line)
March 13, 1988 (renamed as JR Kyoto Line)
|Line length||42.8 km (26.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead lines|
|Operating speed||outer tracks: 130 km/h (81 mph)
inner tracks: 120 km/h (75 mph)
The JR Kyoto Line (JR京都線 JR Kyōto-sen?) is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The name applies to the section of the Tōkaidō Main Line between Kyoto Station and Osaka Station.
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- Operators, distances: 42.8 km / 26.6 mi.
- Track: Entire line quadruple-tracked
- Railway signalling: Automatic
- Maximum speed:
- outer tracks:130 km/h
- inner tracks:120 km/h
- CTC centers: Ōsaka Operation Control Center
- CTC system: Safety Urban Network Traffic System (SUNTRAS)
Commuter trains are classified in three types:
- Special Rapid Service (新快速 Shin-Kaisoku?)
- Continuing service from the Biwako Line and the Kosei Line. Trains stop at Kyōto, Takatsuki, Shin-Ōsaka, and Ōsaka. Trains continue from Ōsaka on the JR Kōbe Line to Himeji and beyond. 223 series EMUs are used. Daytime trains depart every 15 minutes and take 28 minutes from Kyōto to Ōsaka and vice versa.
- Rapid Service (快速 Kaisoku?)
- Continuing service from the Biwako Line and the Kosei Line. Trains stop at Kyōto, Nagaokakyō, Takatsuki, Ibaraki, Shin-Ōsaka, and Ōsaka. After the morning, trains also stop at all other stations between Kyōto and Takatsuki and occasionally called local trains on this section. Trains continue from Osaka on the JR Kōbe Line to Himeji and beyond. 223 series EMUs and 221 series EMUs are used.
- Local (普通 Futsū?)
In addition to the three types of commuter trains, long-distance limited express trains connecting the Kyoto-Osaka region with Kansai International Airport (Haruka services), Hokuriku region (Thunderbird and Raichō services) and other areas also frequently operate on the line. Freight trains also operate on the line except for the section near Osaka Station where freight trains use separate freight lines.
Local trains stop at all stations. Rapid Service trains stop at stations marked "R" (all day) and "r" (except in the morning). Special Rapid Service trains stop at stations marked "S".
From September 5, 1876 to the opening of Kyoto Station on February 6, 1877, Ōmiyadōri Temporary Station (大宮通仮停車場 Ōmiyadōri Kari Teishajō?) was the station for the city of Kyoto. The temporary station was located at 40 chains (0.80 km) west of Kyoto Station construction site, or 3 miles and 47 chains (5.77 km) away from Mukōmachi Station.
- 207 series (from 1991, through service with Fukuchiyama Line)
- 321 series (from 2005, through service with Fukuchiyama Line)
Special Rapid and Rapid
- 221 series (from 1989, through service with Kosei Line)
- 223-1000/2000/6000 series (from 1995, through service with Kosei Line)
- 225-0/100 series (from 2010, through service with Kosei Line)
- 281 series (Haruka service, from 1994)
- 283 series (Kuroshio service, from 1997)
- 285 series (Sunrise Izumo/Sunrise Seto service, from July 1998)
- 287 series (Kuroshio service, from 2012)
- 289 series (Kuroshio service, from October 2015)
- 681 series (Thunderbird and Biwako Express service, from 1992)
- 683 series (Thunderbird and Biwako Express service, from 2001)
- KiHa 189 series (Biwako Express service, from March 2014)
- KiHa 85 series (JR Central) (Hida service)
- HOT7000 series (Chizu Express) (Super Hakuto service, from 1994, through service with Chizu Line)
- 103 series (until August 1, 2005)
- 113 series (until October 16, 2004)
- 117 series (from 1980 until May 10, 1999)
- 201 series (from 1983 until 2007)
- 205-0 series (from 1986 until 2006, from 2011 until March 2013)
- 381 series (Limited Express Kuroshio service, until October 2015)
- 485 series (Limited Express Raichō until March 2011)
- 583 series (Express Kitaguni until January 2013)
- KiHa 181 series (Limited Express Hakuto from 1994 until 1997)
- 383 series (JR Central) (Limited Express Shinano until 26 March 2016)
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The line now called the JR Kyoto Line opened in 1876, only four years after the opening of the first railway in Japan. On July 26, 1876, the Japanese Government Railways opened the section between Ōsaka and Mukōmachi with an intermediate station at Takatsuki. On August 9, 1876, Yamazaki Station, Ibaraki Station and Suita Station opened. Kyoto Station opened on February 6, 1877.
On June 1, 1949, operation of the line was taken over by Japanese National Railways (JNR).
- October 1, 1964 – Shin-Ōsaka Station opens with a Tōkaidō Shinkansen connection
- October 1, 1970 – Operation of Special Rapid Service starts
- April 1, 1987 - JR West becomes the operator of the line following privatization of JNR
- March 13, 1988 – JR West starts the use of the line name JR Kyoto Line