JSC Russian Machines

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Русские машины
JSC Russian Machines
Joint-stock company
IndustryMechanical engineering
Area served
Key people
ProductsAutomotive components, railway cars, aircraft, road construction machinery, agricultural machinery
OwnerBasic Element
Number of employees
ParentBasic Element (100%)
Websitewww.rm.ru/ Edit this on Wikidata

Russian Machines (Russian: Русские машины, /Russkie mashiny/) is a Russian conglomerate that consists of industrial and engineering divisions. The group currently operates 27 plants throughout 12 regions in Russia and produces mechanical engineering products including motor vehicles, car parts, rail cars, aircraft, farming and construction equipment.[1] Russian Machines was established in 2011 from a group of industrial assets owned by Basic Element, a Russian industrial group which wholly owns Russian Machines.


The Russian Machines Group combines industrial operations in the following sectors:


Russian Machines is involved in the manufacturing, sales and servicing of the automotive assets for the "GAZ Group", the largest automotive company in Russia. GAZ Group was founded in 2005, after restructuring the production assets of "Ruspromavto" OJSK (started in 2001). The structure of GAZ Group includes 13 Russian automotive companies as well as sales and service companies. The company's headquarters are located in Moscow. Proceeds from the sale of the GAZ Group in 2012 amounted to 127 billion rubles.

Aircraft manufacturing[edit]

Russian Machines' Aircraft Manufacturing utilizes the assets of the Aviakor plant, located in Samara and is one of the largest Russian aircraft construction enterprises.

Aviation Plant number 18 was evacuated in the autumn of 1941 and moved from Voronezh to Samara. where it organized mass production of Il-2 at the new location. After World War II and until 1958, it produced military aircraft: Tu-4, IL-28 and Tu-95. Later, the company produced aircraft for civil aviation: Tu-114, Tu-154, and Tu-154M.

The main activities at the Aviakor plant today are constructing, repairing, maintaining, and supplying spare parts for the Tu-154 and An-140 passenger aircraft. The plant is one of the few in Russia that have engaged in serial production of civil and military aircraft from parts and units of its own production.

In 2008, Aviakor had completed construction of the Tu-154 and also developed a major overhaul of three aircraft. Revenue at Aviakor in 2008 amounted to 1.072 million rubles and a net loss of 520 million rubles. By the beginning of 2009, Aviakor produced two airplanes and a series of five aircraft.[clarification needed]

During the 21st century, the factory earned its only net profit in 2009 (excluding the intermediate indicators and 2011). Uncovered losses in 2010 amounted to 1.65 billion rubles.

In the beginning of 2013, the Aviakor plant released six airplanes. Four of them were produced for Yakutia airlines, two went to storage without engines and three went to the Russian Air Force. The wing and fuselage of the An-140 is produced at Kharkov aviation plant (KSAMC) and the assembly is carried out at the aircraft Aviakor plant.[2]

Railroad machinery[edit]

The uniform asset management center of Russian Machines in the field of railway engineering, JSC "Russian Corporation of Transport Machine Building" ("RKTM"), includes companies owned by Russian Machines and the shareholders of the VCR Group of companies. RKTM companies produce railroad cars and containers of various types, as well as railway castings and components for rolling stock.

Companies included in the Russian Corporation of Transport Engineering:

  • JSC "Abakanvagonmash" (ОАО «Абаканвагонмаш») (Abakan, Khakassia Republic) — the largest machine-building enterprise of Russia that specializes in the production of universal (special) containers and fitting platforms of 40 or 60 feet (12 or 18 m).
  • JSC "Ruzkhimmash" (ОАО «Рузхиммаш») (Ruzaevsky Transport Mechanical Engineering Plant) (Ruzaevka, Mordovia) — produces railway tank wagons, open wagons, platforms of various types, as well as gas appliances and equipment for oil-filling stations.
  • LLC "VKM-Stal" (ООО «ВКМ-Сталь») (Saransk) — mass-produces 180 types of casting products, 200 names for the machine tool repair and operational needs, which includes cast iron, heat-resistant steel, and cast steel. Products are delivered to 150 Russian enterprises.
  • JSC "Vismut" (ОАО «Висмут») (Ruzaevka, Mordovia) — produces a range of insulation products used in the overhaul of the upper structure of railway track, as well as 3 types of semiconductor control equipment used in lighting complex passenger railroad cars.

Products of the railway sector of Russian Machines are operating in 16 countries, including Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, and Finland. Consumers of these products include JSC "Russian Railways", Ministry of Emergency Situations and the Ministry of Defence, JSC "Gazpromtrans", JSC "Norilsk Nickel", JSC "Severstal", JSC "TNK-BP Management", "Lukoil", JSC "TransContainer" JSC "NOVATEK", JSC "FosAgro AG", JSC "EuroChem", JSC "Russian troika", "Firm Transparent", JSC "Spetstsisterny", and JSC "Togliatti-Azot".


  1. ^ "Company Overview | Russian Machined Corporation". www.rm.ru. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  2. ^ ХГАППП и самарский «Авиакор» развивают сотрудничество

External links[edit]