Jagdverband 44

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Jagdverband 44
Jagdverband 44.svg
Unit insignia
Active March 1945 – May 1945
Country  Nazi Germany
Branch Luftwaffe
Type Fighter Aircraft
Role Bomber intercept
Fighter Aircraft Me 262
Engagements Defense of the Reich
Adolf Galland
Heinz Bär
Aircraft flown
Fighter Me 262, Fw 190D

Jagdverband 44 (JV 44) was a German air unit during World War II. It was formed during the last months of World War II to operate the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter.[1]

The commander of JV 44 was General Adolf Galland, the former General der Jagdflieger (General of Fighter pilots) who had recently been sacked from his staff post by Hermann Göring for criticizing the operational policies, strategic doctrine, and tactics mandated by the Luftwaffe High Command. Galland was charged with setting up a small Me 262 unit to demonstrate the capabilities of the jet fighter.[citation needed]

JV 44 comprised a core of experienced pilots chosen from Galland's former staff or recruited from units which had been disbanded or were being re-equipped. JV 44 performed well during its brief history, achieving a 4-to-1 kill ratio. However, it had relatively few operational jet planes available for any single sortie and was repeatedly forced to relocate due to the approach of Allied ground forces. Its complement included 50 pilots and 25 airplanes.