Grand Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani آيت الله العظمى جعفر سبحانى
Grand Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani
|Member of the Assembly of Experts for Constitution|
15 August 1979 – 15 November 1979
|Constituency||East Azerbaijan Province|
|Born||8 April 1929|
|Political party||Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom|
|Muslim People's Republic Party (1979)|
Grand Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani (Persian: جعفر سبحانی) (born 1929 in Tabriz) is an Iranian Twelver shia marja, influential theologian and writer. Sobhani was a former member of the Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom and founder of Imam Sadiq Institute in Qom.
Ja'far Sobhani learned Arabic literature, Principles of Islamic jurisprudence in the Islamic Seminary. In 1946, he went to Islamic Seminary in Qom. In the Islamic Seminary, he took part in famous teachers' classes of Fiqh, Usool, Tafsir, and philosophy. Sobhani's important teachers were Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi, Imam Khomeini, and Mirza Sayyed Mohammad Tabatabai near 15 years.
- Qom Islamic Seminary's lecturer and scholar in Fiqh, Principles of Fiqh, history, and theological studies
- Founder and director of Maktabe Islam magazine
- Founder and director of Kalaame Islami magazine
- Established an institute for theological research known as Imam Sadiq Institute
- Participated in writing the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran
- Writer of a thematic interpretation of the Quran
- Fighting with Wahhabism
- Established the field of Ilm al-Kalam  in the seminary of Qom
- Published more than 300 researches
He has several Arabic and Persian books that are categorized in seven fields as Fiqh, Principles of Islamic jurisprudence, Tafsir, Ilm al-Kalam, Philosophy, History of Islam, and Biographical evaluation. In 2001, Doctrines of Shi'i Islam: A Compendium of Imami Beliefs and Practices book (ISBN 1860647804) was translated into English and published by I. B. Tauris. Some of his books include:
|2||Principles of Islamic jurisprudence||
|6||History of Islam|
- "Biography of Ja'far Sobhani". hawzah.net. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "H.E. Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani". themuslim500.com. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "Ayatollah Ja'far Sobhani". iis.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "Sobhani، Ayatollah Ja'far". ijtihad.ir. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "Doctrines of Shi`i Islam: A Compendium of Imami Beliefs and Practices". amazon.com. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "Who is Muhammad?". http://avapress.com. External link in
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