Ja'far Sobhani

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Grand Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani آيت الله العظمى جعفر سبحانى
Ja'far Sobhani جعفر سبحانی 04.jpg
Grand Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani
Member of the Assembly of Experts for Constitution
In office
15 August 1979 – 15 November 1979
ConstituencyEast Azerbaijan Province
Personal details
Born (1929-04-08) 8 April 1929 (age 91)
Tabriz, Iran
Political partySociety of Seminary Teachers of Qom
Other political
Muslim People's Republic Party (1979)
Theological work
DenominationTwelver Shīʿā

Grand Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani (Persian: جعفر سبحانی‎) (born 1929 in Tabriz)[1] is an Iranian Twelver Shia marja, influential theologian and writer. Sobhani was a former member of the Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom and founder of Imam Sadiq Institute in Qom.[2][3][1]


Ja'far Sobhani learned Arabic literature, Principles of Islamic jurisprudence in the Islamic Seminary. In 1946, he went to Islamic Seminary in Qom. In the Islamic Seminary, he took part in famous teachers' classes of Fiqh, Usool, Tafsir, and philosophy. Sobhani's important teachers were Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi, Imam Khomeini, and Mirza Sayyed Mohammad Tabatabai near 15 years.[4]



He has several Arabic and Persian books that are categorized in seven fields as Fiqh, Principles of Islamic jurisprudence, Tafsir, Ilm al-Kalam, Philosophy, History of Islam, and Biographical evaluation. In 2001, Doctrines of Shi'i Islam: A Compendium of Imami Beliefs and Practices book (ISBN 1860647804) was translated into English and published by I. B. Tauris.[5] Some of his books include:

# Subjects Books
1 Fiqh
  • Religious precepts of travel
2 Principles of Islamic jurisprudence
  • The four theses
3 Tafsir
4 Ilm al-Kalam
  • Understanding the attributes of God
  • Introduction to principles of Islam
  • Resort
  • Wahhabism
5 Philosophy
  • Knowledge in Islamic philosophy
  • An analysis of Marx's philosophy
6 History of Islam
7 Biographical evaluation
  • General in Biographical evaluation
  • Biography of Shia leaders
8 Others
  • Password win famous men
  • Questions and responses


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Biography of Ja'far Sobhani". hawzah.net. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "H.E. Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani". themuslim500.com. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Ayatollah Ja'far Sobhani". iis.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d "Sobhani، Ayatollah Ja'far". ijtihad.ir. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Doctrines of Shi`i Islam: A Compendium of Imami Beliefs and Practices". amazon.com. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Who is Muhammad?". http://avapress.com. External link in |website= (help)