Jaén (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Jaén
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Jaén).png
Location of Jaén within Spain
Province Jaén
Autonomous community Andalusia
Population 654,170 (2016)
Electorate 532,211 (2016)
Major settlements Jaén, Linares
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 7 (1977–1986)
6 (1986–2015)
5 (2015–)

Jaén is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects five deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Jaén is currently set at five. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Jaén 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
4 3
1st 1979
1 3 3
2nd 1982
5 2
3rd 1986
4 2
4th 1989
4 2
5th 1993
4 2
6th 1996
3 3
7th 2000
3 3
8th 2004
4 2
9th 2008
4 2
10th 2011
3 3
11th 2015
3 2
12th 2016
1 2 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 138,612 37.39 –0.94 2 –1
People's Party (PP) 131,234 35.40 +3.92 2 ±0
United We Can for Andalusia (PodemosIUeQuo)1 53,239 14.36 –2.52 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 38,884 10.49 –0.19 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,545 0.69 –0.01
Total 370,762 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 370,762 98.85 –0.16
Invalid votes 4,320 1.15 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 375,082 70.48 –2.85
Abstentions 157,129 29.52 +2.85
Registered voters 532,211
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 148,511 38.33 –2.65 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 121,984 31.48 –13.96 2 –1
We Can (Podemos) 48,640 12.55 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 41,398 10.68 New 0 ±0
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 16,771 4.33 –2.62 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,713 0.70 –0.32
Total 387,500 100.00 5 –1
Valid votes 387,500 99.01 +0.02
Invalid votes 3,886 0.99 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 391,386 73.33 –2.56
Abstentions 142,362 26.67 +2.56
Registered voters 533,748
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 183,339 45.44 +8.94 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 165,348 40.98 –14.50 3 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 28,059 6.95 +2.16 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 13,727 3.40 +2.93 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 4,920 1.22 +0.10 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,124 1.02 +0.24
Total 403,443 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 403,443 98.99 –0.45
Invalid votes 4,130 1.01 +0.45
Votes cast / turnout 407,573 75.89 –2.72
Abstentions 129,463 24.11 +2.72
Registered voters 537,036
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 230,026 55.48 +1.07 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 151,340 36.50 +2.39 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia–Alternative (IULV–CA) 19,859 4.79 –1.04 0 ±0
Andalusian Coalition (CA)1 4,637 1.12 –2.82 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,223 0.78 –0.40
Total 414,606 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 414,606 99.44 +0.08
Invalid votes 2,319 0.56 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 416,925 78.61 –1.79
Abstentions 113,417 21.39 +1.79
Registered voters 530,342
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 228,611 54.41 +6.66 4 +1
People's Party (PP) 143,288 34.11 –6.22 2 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 24,483 5.83 –1.28 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 15,493 3.69 +0.43 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,951 1.18 +0.17
Total 420,132 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 420,132 99.36 +0.02
Invalid votes 2,725 0.64 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 422,857 80.40 +3.68
Abstentions 103,098 19.60 –3.68
Registered voters 525,955
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 190,958 47.75 –0.93 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 161,285 40.33 +3.44 3 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 28,450 7.11 –4.61 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 13,038 3.26 +1.56 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,033 1.01 +0.39
Total 399,949 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 399,949 99.34 –0.17
Invalid votes 2,676 0.66 +0.17
Votes cast / turnout 402,625 76.72 –6.97
Abstentions 122,188 23.28 +6.97
Registered voters 524,813
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 205,818 48.68 –3.91 3 –1
People's Party (PP) 155,947 36.89 +4.46 3 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 49,564 11.72 +1.39 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 7,200 1.70 –0.45 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,639 0.62 +0.20
Total 422,790 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 422,790 99.51 –0.14
Invalid votes 2,076 0.49 +0.14
Votes cast / turnout 424,866 83.69 +2.70
Abstentions 82,800 16.31 –2.70
Registered voters 507,666
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 210,306 52.59 –1.53 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 129,705 32.43 +8.10 2 ±0
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 41,311 10.33 –1.20 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 7,211 1.80 –0.67 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,683 0.42 +0.10
Total 399,912 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 399,912 99.65 +0.43
Invalid votes 1,397 0.35 –0.43
Votes cast / turnout 401,309 80.99 +4.57
Abstentions 94,204 19.01 –4.57
Registered voters 495,513
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 197,733 54.12 –0.97 4 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 88,906 24.33 –2.57 2 ±0
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 42,112 11.53 +2.35 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 17,576 4.81 –0.52 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 9,010 2.47 +3.44 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,171 0.32 ±0.00
Total 365,367 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 365,367 99.22 +0.34
Invalid votes 2,858 0.78 –0.34
Votes cast / turnout 368,225 76.42 +0.52
Abstentions 113,620 23.58 –0.52
Registered voters 481,845
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 201,494 55.09 –2.03 4 –1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 98,395 26.90 +3.85 2 ±0
United Left (IU)2 33,569 9.18 +1.80 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 19,507 5.33 +4.41 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 4,483 1.23 –0.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,171 0.32 +0.15
Total 365,784 100.00 6 –1
Valid votes 365,784 98.88 –0.13
Invalid votes 4,141 1.12 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 369,925 75.90 –6.00
Abstentions 117,439 24.10 +6.00
Registered voters 487,364
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSA–PSOE) 207,754 57.12 +15.23 5 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 83,833 23.05 +19.48 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 32,456 8.92 –24.87 0 –3
Communist Party of Andalusia (PCA–PCE) 26,829 7.38 –5.52 0 –1
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 4,750 1.31 –2.13 0 ±0
Blank ballots 604 0.17 +0.06
Total 363,721 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 363,721 99.01 –0.01
Invalid votes 3,651 0.99 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 367,372 81.90 +10.43
Abstentions 81,201 18.10 –10.43
Registered voters 448,573
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 137,861 41.89 +0.45 3 –1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 111,209 33.79 +0.78 3 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 42,466 12.90 +3.40 1 +1
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 11,752 3.57 –4.84 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 11,335 3.44 New 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 9,294 2.82 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 357 0.11 +0.02
Total 329,075 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 329,075 99.02 –0.21
Invalid votes 3,251 0.98 +0.21
Votes cast / turnout 332,326 71.47 –7.07
Abstentions 132,667 28.53 +7.07
Registered voters 464,993
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

JaénMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 123,708 39.38 4
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 103,697 33.01 3
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 29,847 9.50 0
People's Alliance (AP) 26,422 8.41 0
Agrarian Social Action (ASA) 8,439 2.69 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 6,476 2.06 0
Andalusian Regional Unity (URA) 5,291 1.68 0
Blank ballots 269 0.09
Total 314,177 100.00 7
Valid votes 314,177 99.23
Invalid votes 2,436 0.77
Votes cast / turnout 316,613 78.54
Abstentions 86,529 21.46
Registered voters 403,142
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 38°00′N 3°30′W / 38.000°N 3.500°W / 38.000; -3.500