Province of Jaén (Spain)
Montes de Jaén
Map of Spain with Jaén highlighted
|• President||Francisco Reyes (PSOE)|
|• Total||13,484 km2 (5,206 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 14th|
|• Rank||Ranked 23rd|
|• Density||49/km2 (130/sq mi)|
Jaén (Spanish pronunciation: [xaˈen]) is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Albacete, Granada and Córdoba. Its capital is Jaén city.
Its area is 13,484 km². Its population is 657,387 (2003), of whom just about one-sixth live in the capital. It contains 97 municipalities. The highest point of the province is Pico Mágina (2165 m).
One of the lesser known provinces of Spain compared to the heavily tourist-oriented coast, it has four national parks, and many other protected natural areas. The province also contains two Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza, both recently declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Jaén province is the largest producer of olive oil in the world. It produces around 45% of all Spanish production and 20% of world's production. For this reason the province is also known as World Capital of Olive Oil. There are more than 66 million of olive trees, spread over a surface of 550,000 hectares. This let just the province to produce more than the whole country of Italy. The production of the province in 2013 was 749.387 t of olive oil.
View of a olive trees field, at the north of Jaén
Notes and references
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Province of Jaén.|
- (in Spanish)Despeñaperros Natural Park
- (in Spanish)Sierra de Andújar Natural Park
- (in Spanish)Sierra Mágina Natural Park
- (in Spanish)Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park
- (in Spanish)Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas
- (in English)Photo album from La Iruela Castle - Jaén - Andalusia
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