Ja (Javanese)

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For a more general overview encompassing other Indic scripts, see Ja (Indic)
Aksara nglegena Aksara pasangan
Javanese script
Latin orthography ja
Phoneme [j]
Unicode U+A997

is one of syllable in Javanese script that represent the sound /dʒɔ/, /dʒa/. It is transliterated to Latin as "ja", and sometimes in Indonesian orthography as "jo". It has another form (pasangan), which is ◌꧀ꦗ, but represented by a single Unicode code point, U+A997.[1][2][3]


It's pasangan form ◌꧀ꦗ, is located on the bottom side of the previous syllable. For example, ꦲꦤꦏ꧀ꦗꦫꦤ꧀ - anak jaran (little horse).

Extended form[edit]

The letter ꦗ doesn't have a murda form.

Using cecak telu (ꦗ꦳), the syllable represents /f/.

ꦗ with a cerek () is called Nya murda.


Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
 ya ꦗꦃ yah ꦗꦁ yang ꦗꦂ yar ◌꧀ꦗ -ya ◌꧀ꦗꦃ -yah ◌꧀ꦗꦁ -yang ◌꧀ꦗꦂ -yar
ꦗꦺ ye ꦗꦺꦃ yeh ꦗꦺꦁ yeng ꦗꦺꦂ yer ◌꧀ꦗꦺ -ye ◌꧀ꦗꦺꦃ -yeh ◌꧀ꦗꦺꦁ -yeng ◌꧀ꦗꦺꦂ -yer
ꦗꦼ yê ꦗꦼꦃ yêh ꦗꦼꦁ yêng ꦗꦼꦂ yêr ◌꧀ꦗꦼ -yê ◌꧀ꦗꦼꦃ -yêh ◌꧀ꦗꦼꦁ -yêng ◌꧀ꦗꦼꦂ -yêr
ꦗꦶ yi ꦗꦶꦃ yih ꦗꦶꦁ ying ꦗꦶꦂ yir ◌꧀ꦗꦶ -yi ◌꧀ꦗꦶꦃ -yih ◌꧀ꦗꦶꦁ -ying ◌꧀ꦗꦶꦂ -yir
ꦗꦺꦴ yo ꦗꦺꦴꦃ yoh ꦗꦺꦴꦁ yong ꦗꦺꦴꦂ yor ◌꧀ꦗꦺꦴ -yo ◌꧀ꦗꦺꦴꦃ -yoh ◌꧀ꦗꦺꦴꦁ -yong ◌꧀ꦗꦺꦴꦂ -yor
ꦗꦸ yu ꦗꦸꦃ yuh ꦗꦸꦁ yung ꦗꦸꦂ yur ◌꧀ꦗꦸ -yu ◌꧀ꦗꦸꦃ -yuh ◌꧀ꦗꦸꦁ -yung ◌꧀ꦗꦸꦂ -yur
ꦗꦿ yra ꦗꦿꦃ yrah ꦗꦿꦁ yrang ꦗꦿꦂ yrar ◌꧀ꦗꦿ -yra ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦃ -yrah ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦁ -yrang ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦂ -yrar
ꦗꦿꦺ yre ꦗꦿꦺꦃ yreh ꦗꦿꦺꦁ yreng ꦗꦿꦺꦂ yrer ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺ -yre ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺꦃ -yreh ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺꦁ -yreng ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺꦂ -yrer
ꦗꦽ yrê ꦗꦽꦃ yrêh ꦗꦽꦁ yrêng ꦗꦽꦂ yrêr ◌꧀ꦗꦽ -yrê ◌꧀ꦗꦽꦃ -yrêh ◌꧀ꦗꦽꦁ -yrêng ◌꧀ꦗꦽꦂ -yrêr
ꦗꦿꦶ yri ꦗꦿꦶꦃ yrih ꦗꦿꦶꦁ yring ꦗꦿꦶꦂ yrir ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦶ -yri ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦶꦃ -yrih ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦶꦁ -yring ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦶꦂ -yrir
ꦗꦿꦺꦴ yro ꦗꦿꦺꦴꦃ yroh ꦗꦿꦺꦴꦁ yrong ꦗꦿꦺꦴꦂ yror ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺꦴ -yro ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺꦴꦃ -yroh ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺꦴꦁ -yrong ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦺꦴꦂ -yror
ꦗꦿꦸ yru ꦗꦿꦸꦃ yruh ꦗꦿꦸꦁ yrung ꦗꦿꦸꦂ yrur ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦸ -yru ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦸꦃ -yruh ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦸꦁ -yrung ◌꧀ꦗꦿꦸꦂ -yrur
ꦗꦾ yya ꦗꦾꦃ yyah ꦗꦾꦁ yyang ꦗꦾꦂ yyar ◌꧀ꦗꦾ -yya ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦃ -yyah ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦁ -yyang ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦂ -yyar
ꦗꦾꦺ yye ꦗꦾꦺꦃ yyeh ꦗꦾꦺꦁ yyeng ꦗꦾꦺꦂ yyer ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺ -yye ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺꦃ -yyeh ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺꦁ -yyeng ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺꦂ -yyer
ꦗꦾꦼ yyê ꦗꦾꦼꦃ yyêh ꦗꦾꦼꦁ yyêng ꦗꦾꦼꦂ yyêr ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦼ -yyê ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦼꦃ -yyêh ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦼꦁ -yyêng ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦼꦂ -yyêr
ꦗꦾꦶ yyi ꦗꦾꦶꦃ yyih ꦗꦾꦶꦁ yying ꦗꦾꦶꦂ yyir ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦶ -yyi ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦶꦃ -yyih ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦶꦁ -yying ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦶꦂ -yyir
ꦗꦾꦺꦴ yyo ꦗꦾꦺꦴꦃ yyoh ꦗꦾꦺꦴꦁ yyong ꦗꦾꦺꦴꦂ yyor ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺꦴ -yyo ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺꦴꦃ -yyoh ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺꦴꦁ -yyong ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦺꦴꦂ -yyor
ꦗꦾꦸ yyu ꦗꦾꦸꦃ yyuh ꦗꦾꦸꦁ yyung ꦗꦾꦸꦂ yyur ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦸ -yyu ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦸꦃ -yyuh ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦸꦁ -yyung ◌꧀ꦗꦾꦸꦂ -yyur
Other forms
Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
ꦗ꦳ za ꦗ꦳ꦃ zah ꦗ꦳ꦁ zang ꦗ꦳ꦂ zar ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ -za ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦃ -zah ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦁ -zang ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦂ -zar
ꦗ꦳ꦺ ze ꦗ꦳ꦺꦃ zeh ꦗ꦳ꦺꦁ zeng ꦗ꦳ꦺꦂ zer ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺ -ze ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺꦃ -zeh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺꦁ -zeng ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺꦂ -zer
ꦗ꦳ꦼ zê ꦗ꦳ꦼꦃ zêh ꦗ꦳ꦼꦁ zêng ꦗ꦳ꦼꦂ zêr ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦼ -zê ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦼꦃ -zêh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦼꦁ -zêng ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦼꦂ -zêr
ꦗ꦳ꦶ zi ꦗ꦳ꦶꦃ zih ꦗ꦳ꦶꦁ zing ꦗ꦳ꦶꦂ zir ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦶ -zi ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦶꦃ -zih ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦶꦁ -zing ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦶꦂ -zir
ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴ zo ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴꦃ zoh ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴꦁ zong ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴꦂ zor ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴ -zo ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴꦃ -zoh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴꦁ -zong ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦺꦴꦂ -zor
ꦗ꦳ꦸ zu ꦗ꦳ꦸꦃ zuh ꦗ꦳ꦸꦁ zung ꦗ꦳ꦸꦂ zur ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦸ -zu ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦸꦃ -zuh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦸꦁ -zung ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦸꦂ -zur
ꦗ꦳ꦿ zra ꦗ꦳ꦿꦃ zrah ꦗ꦳ꦿꦁ zrang ꦗ꦳ꦿꦂ zrar ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿ -zra ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦃ -zrah ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦁ -zrang ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦂ -zrar
ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺ zre ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦃ zreh ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦁ zreng ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦂ zrer ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺ -zre ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦃ -zreh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦁ -zreng ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦂ -zrer
ꦗ꦳ꦽ zrê ꦗ꦳ꦽꦃ zrêh ꦗ꦳ꦽꦁ zrêng ꦗ꦳ꦽꦂ zrêr ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦽ -zrê ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦽꦃ -zrêh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦽꦁ -zrêng ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦽꦂ -zrêr
ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶ zri ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶꦃ zrih ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶꦁ zring ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶꦂ zrir ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶ -zri ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶꦃ -zrih ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶꦁ -zring ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦶꦂ -zrir
ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴ zro ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦃ zroh ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦁ zrong ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦂ zror ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴ -zro ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦃ -zroh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦁ -zrong ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦂ -zror
ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸ zru ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸꦃ zruh ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸꦁ zrung ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸꦂ zrur ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸ -zru ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸꦃ -zruh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸꦁ -zrung ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦿꦸꦂ -zrur
ꦗ꦳ꦾ zya ꦗ꦳ꦾꦃ zyah ꦗ꦳ꦾꦁ zyang ꦗ꦳ꦾꦂ zyar ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾ -zya ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦃ -zyah ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦁ -zyang ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦂ -zyar
ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺ zye ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦃ zyeh ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦁ zyeng ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦂ zyer ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺ -zye ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦃ -zyeh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦁ -zyeng ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦂ -zyer
ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼ zyê ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼꦃ zyêh ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼꦁ zyêng ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼꦂ zyêr ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼ -zyê ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼꦃ -zyêh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼꦁ -zyêng ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦼꦂ -zyêr
ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶ zyi ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶꦃ zyih ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶꦁ zying ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶꦂ zyir ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶ -zyi ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶꦃ -zyih ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶꦁ -zying ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦶꦂ -zyir
ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴ zyo ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦃ zyoh ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦁ zyong ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦂ zyor ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴ -zyo ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦃ -zyoh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦁ -zyong ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦂ -zyor
ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸ zyu ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸꦃ zyuh ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸꦁ zyung ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸꦂ zyur ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸ -zyu ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸꦃ -zyuh ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸꦁ -zyung ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ꦾꦸꦂ -zyur

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Campbell, George L. Compendium of the World's Languages. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  2. ^ Soemarmo, Marmo. "Javanese Script." Ohio Working Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching 14.Winter (1995): 69-103.
  3. ^ Daniels, Peter T and William Bright. The World's Writing Systems. Ed. Peter T Daniels and William Bright. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+A9Bx ꦿ
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points