Jaap van Zweden

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Jaap van Zweden
Jaap van Zweden 1981.jpg
Jaap van Zweden, Amsterdam 1981
Born December 12, 1960
Amsterdam, North Holland
Occupation Conductor,
Violinist,
Composer
Website www.jaapvanzweden.com

Jaap van Zweden (Dutch: [ja:p fan zwe:dən]; English: [jap van zwɛɪdən]) (born December 12, 1960) is a Dutch conductor and violinist.

Biography[edit]

Van Zweden was born in Amsterdam, North Holland. His father, a pianist, encouraged him to begin violin studies at age five, and he studied music in Amsterdam. At age 15, he won a violin competition; this allowed him to attend the Juilliard School in the United States, where he studied with Dorothy DeLay.[1]

Career[edit]

In 1979, at age 18, van Zweden became the concertmaster of the Concertgebouw Orchestra—the youngest violinist ever to assume that position, which he held until 1995.

Van Zweden began to work as a conductor after Leonard Bernstein invited him to lead an orchestra rehearsal in Berlin. He has stated that he learned much about conducting from observing the various conductors who led concerts of the Concertgebouw Orchestra. He conducted smaller ensembles initially, and became a full-time conductor in 1997.[2] His first Dutch conducting post was as chief conductor with the Orkest van het Oosten (Orchestra of the East, or the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra) in Enschede, the Netherlands. He served in this post from 1996 through 2000. Van Zweden was chief conductor of the Residentie Orchestra in The Hague from 2000 until 2005, and he recorded the complete symphonies of Ludwig van Beethoven with them. In 2005 he became chief conductor and artistic leader of the Radio Filharmonisch Orkest (RFO; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic) in Hilversum. In February 2007 he extended his RFO contract through 2013.[3] In August 2010, the orchestra announced that van Zweden would step down from the RFO chief conductorship in 2012 and take the position of honorary guest conductor.[4] van Zweden served as chief conductor of deFilharmonie (Royal Flemish Philharmonic) in Antwerp from 2008 to 2011.[5][6]

Outside Europe, van Zweden made his U.S. conducting debut with the St. Louis Symphony in 1996. His second US guest-conducting appearance was with the Dallas Symphony Orchestra in February 2006, a concert that was highly acclaimed.[7] Based on this engagement the Dallas Symphony named Van Zweden their next Music Director after Andrew Litton, effective with the 2008/09 season.[2] His initial contract was for four years, where in the first year he was scheduled to conduct 12 weeks of subscription concerts and then for 15 weeks in the subsequent three years. For the 2007/08 season he held the title of Music Director Designate and conducted three subscription concerts. In October 2009 the Dallas Symphony announced the extension of his contract through the 2015/16 season.[8] In November 2013, the orchestra announced a further extension of his contract through 2019.[9]

Van Zweden first guest-conducted the New York Philharmonic in April 2012.[10] He returned for subsequent engagements in November 2014 and October 2015.[11][12] In January 2016, the New York Philharmonic announced the appointment of van Zweden as its next music director, effective with the 2018/19 season, with an initial contract of five years. Van Zweden is scheduled to serve as music director designate for the 2017/18 season.[13] In parallel with this appointment, in January 2016, the Dallas Symphony announced the scheduled conclusion of van Zweden's Dallas Symphony music directorship at the end of the end of the 2017/18 season, one season earlier than his most recent Dallas contract. With the 2018/19 season, van Zweden is scheduled to take the title of conductor laureate of the Dallas Symphony, for the period from 2018 until 2021.[14]

In January 2012, the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra announced the appointment of van Zweden as its next Music Director, with an initial contract of four years, starting 1 August 2012.[15] He made his debut as the Music Director of the orchestra on 28 September 2012.[16] In June 2016, van Zweden extended his contract with the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra through the 2021/2022 season.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Since 1983, van Zweden has been married to the artist Aaltje van Zweden–van Buuren. They have a daughter, Anna-Sophia, and three sons, Daniel, Benjamin and Alexander. The Van Zwedens have a particular interest in autism as their son Benjamin is autistic.[2] In 2000 they set up the Papageno Foundation to provide autistic children with music therapy.[18][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tim Madigan, "Conductor Jaap van Zweden's performance applauded from every corner". Dallas Star-Telegram, 28 September 2008.
  2. ^ a b c Scott Cantrell, "New director for DSO". Dallas Morning News, 1 February 2007.
  3. ^ Vivien Schweitzer (1 February 2007). "Dallas Symphony Names Jaap van Zweden Music Director". Playbill Arts. Retrieved 2007-08-29. 
  4. ^ "Markus Stenz chief conductor of the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra" (Press release). Radio Filharmonisch Orkest. 17 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  5. ^ "Jaap van Zweden chef-dirigent in Vlaanderen". Trouw. 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2009-03-16. 
  6. ^ "Edo de Waart: Chef-dirigent vanaf 2012-2013" (Press release). deFilharmonie. April 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  7. ^ Scott Cantrell, "Guest conductor van Zweden makes quite a showing". Dallas Morning News, 17 February 2006.
  8. ^ "The Dallas Symphony Announces Contract Extension For Music Director Jaap van Zweden" (Press release). Dallas Symphony. October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  9. ^ Scott Cantrell (2013-11-24). "Dallas Symphony, van Zweden extend contract through 2019". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  10. ^ Anthony Tommasini (2012-04-13). "Star Pianist Establishes the Tempo of the Night". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-01-31. 
  11. ^ Anthony Tommasini (2014-11-27). "Beethoven, 'Cyrano' and Samplings From Film Scores". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-01-31. 
  12. ^ Zachary Woolfe (2015-10-30). "Review: Jaap van Zweden, Precise at the New York Philharmonic". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-01-31. 
  13. ^ Michael Cooper (2016-01-27). "New York Philharmonic Taps Jaap van Zweden as Its Next Maestro". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  14. ^ "The Dallas Symphony Orchestra congratulates Jaap van Zweden on the announcement of his appointment as Music Director of the New York Philharmonic" (Press release). Dallas Symphony Orchestra. 2016-01-27. Retrieved 2016-01-31. 
  15. ^ "HKPO Welcomes New Music Director Maestro Jaap van Zweden Takes the Helm from Season 2012/13" (Press release). HKPO. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  16. ^ "Hong Kong Philharmonic's New Music Director Jaap van Zweden Leads the Orchestra and Violinist Ning Feng in His Inaugural Concert" (Press release). HK Phil. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  17. ^ Cooper, Michael (June 9, 2016). "Jaap van Zweden Extends His Other Gig, 8,000 Miles from David Geffen Hall". New York Times. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  18. ^ Laura Korenman (2 April 2007). "Conduct Energy. Conduct Heat.". Playbill Arts. Retrieved 2007-08-29. 
  19. ^ Scott Cantrell, "Dallas Symphony's new director offers views on Dallas, plans for orchestra". Dallas Morning News, 8 September 2008.

External links[edit]

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Yevgeny Svetlanov
Chief Conductor, Residentie Orchestra
2000–05
Succeeded by
Neeme Järvi
Preceded by
Edo de Waart
Chief Conductor, Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra
2005–12
Succeeded by
Markus Stenz
Preceded by
Andrew Litton
Music Director, Dallas Symphony Orchestra
2008–present
Succeeded by
incumbent
Preceded by
Daniele Callegari
Chief Conductor, DeFilharmonie
2008–11
Succeeded by
Edo de Waart
Preceded by
Edo de Waart
Music Director, Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra
2012–present
Succeeded by
incumbent