Jabat Island

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Jabat Island
Jabat.JPG
NASA picture of Jabat Atoll
Jabat Island is located in Marshall Islands
Jabat Island
Jabat Island
Geography
LocationNorth Pacific
Coordinates7°45′06″N 168°58′36″E / 7.7517°N 168.9767°E / 7.7517; 168.9767
ArchipelagoRalik
Total islands1
Area0.6 km2 (0.23 sq mi)
Highest elevation3 m (10 ft)
Administration
Demographics
Population84 (2011)
Ethnic groupsMarshallese

Jabat Island (or Jabot Island or Jabwot Island; Marshallese: Jebat, [tʲɛ͡ʌbˠɑtˠ][1]) is an island in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district of the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands. Its total land area is only 0.6 square kilometres (0.23 sq mi), and has a length of 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi). It is located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Ailinglapalap Atoll. Unlike most of the other islands in the Marshall Islands, Jabat Island is a rocky island rather than a coral atoll, although it surrounded by fringing shallow water coral reefs that extend for several kilometres beyond the outer reef to the north and south. The population of Jabat Island was 84 in 2011.

History[edit]

First recorded sighting of Jabat Island was by the Spanish navigator Alonso de Arellano on 8 January 1565 on board of the patache San Lucas.[2]

Jabat Island was claimed by the Empire of Germany along with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884, and the Germans established a trading outpost. After World War I, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate of the Empire of Japan. Following the end of World War II, it came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986.

Education[edit]

Marshall Islands Public School System operates Jabat Elementary School.[3] Students are zoned to Jaluit High School in Jaluit Atoll.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marshallese-English Dictionary - Place Name Index
  2. ^ Coello, Francisco "Conflicto hispano-alemán" Boletín de Sociedad Geográfica de Madrid, t.XIX. 2º semestre 1885, Madrid, p.288
  3. ^ "Public Schools ." Marshall Islands Public School System. Retrieved on February 21, 2018.
  4. ^ "Annual Report 2011-2012." Ministry of Education (Marshall Islands). Retrieved on February 22, 2018. p. 54 (PDF p. 55/118). "As such, Jaluit High School enroll students from the Ralik and Iolab school zones including schools from Ebon, Namdrik, Kili, Jaluit, Ailinglaplap, Jabat, and Namu."

External links[edit]