9 May 1886
|Died||25 November 1966(1966-11-25) (aged 80)|
|Occupation||Teacher of the deaf|
|Children||3 (including Samin, Samine, Parvane)|
Mirza Jabbar Asgar oglu Asgarzadeh (Persian: میرزا جبار عسگر اوغلو عسگرزاده) famously known as Jabbar Baghtcheban (جبار باغچه بان) was an Iranian inventor. He is well known as someone who established the first Iranian kindergarten and the first deaf school in Tabriz. He was also the inventor of Persian language cued speech. He was the father of the late Iranian composer Samin Baghcheban. In total he had 3 children.
Mirza Jabbar Asgarzadeh was born in Tabriz or Urmia province of Iran. The first kindergarten he established was called the baghch-e atfal (باغچه اطفال) which means the "kids garden". That is why he was given the nickname baghcheban (باغچه بان) which literally means "gardener" in the Persian language.
He founded a school for the deaf in 1924. That school was located next to his kindergarten. In 1928 he wrote the first Iranian children's book in Persian. The book was called baba barfi (بابابرفی) which means "father snow" in Persian.
^a Sign-language names reflect the region of origin. Natural sign languages are not related to the spoken language used in the same region. For example, French Sign Language originated in France, but is not related to French. Conversely, ASL and BSL both originated in English-speaking countries but are not related to each other; ASL however is related to French Sign Language. ^b Denotes the number (if known) of languages within the family. No further information is given on these languages.