9 May 1886
Yerevan, Russian Empire (now Armenia)
|Died||25 November 1966 (aged 80)|
|Occupation||Teacher of the deaf|
|Children||3 (including Samin)|
Mirza Jabbar Asgarzadeh (Persian:میرزا جبار عسگرزاده) famously known as Jabbar Baghtcheban (Persian: جبار باغچه بان) was an Iranian inventor of Iranian Azerbaijani ethnicity. He is well known as someone who established the first Iranian kindergarten and the first deaf school in Tabriz. He was also the inventor of Persian language cued speech. He was the father of the late Iranian composer Samin Baghcheban.
Mirza Jabbar Asgarzadeh was born in Yerevan, Armenia. His origin was from Tabriz or Urmia in the Iranian Azerbaijan region. The first kindergarten he established was called the baghch-e atfal (Persian: باغچه اطفال) which means the "kids garden". That is why he was given the nickname baghcheban (Persian: باغچه بان) which literally means "gardener" in the Persian language. He founded a school for the deaf in 1924. That school was located next to his kindergarten. In 1928 he wrote the first Iranian children's book in Persian. The book was called baba barfi (Persian: بابابرفی) which means "snow daddy" in Persian.
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