Jabbar Baghtcheban

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Jabbar Baghtcheban
Born Jabbar Asgarzadeh
Yerevan, Armenia
Died (1966-11-25)November 25, 1966
Tehran, Iran
Occupation teacher of the deaf
Children Samin Baghtcheban

Mirza Jabbar Asgarzadeh (Persian:میرزا جبار عسگرزاده) famously known as Jabbar Baghtcheban (Persian: جبار باغچه بان) was an Iranian inventor from Azeri ethnicity. He is very well known as someone who established the first Iranian kindergarten and the first deaf school in Tabriz. He was also the inventor Persian language cued speech. He was the father of the late Iranian composer Samin Baghcheban.


Mirza Jabbar Asgarzadeh was born in Yerevan, Armenia. His origins was from Tabriz or Urmia in the Iranian Azerbaijan region. The first kindergarten he established was called the baghch-e atfal (Persian: باغچه اطفال) which means the "kids garden". That's how he was nicknamed as baghcheban (Persian: باغچه بان) which literally means "gardener" in the Persian language. He founded the school of deaf in 1924. That school was located next to his kindergarten. In 1928 he wrote the first Iranian kids book in Persian. The book was called baba barfi (Persian: بابابرفی) which means means "snow daddy" in Persian.