Jabir Herbert Muhammad
Muhammad was born in Detroit, Michigan, as the third son of the Nation of Islam leader, Elijah Muhammad. He served as a chief adviser to his father until his departure in 1975. He also worked as the chief business manager for the Nation of Islam and he along with Malcolm X founded their weekly newspaper. Jabir Herbert Muhammad was a staunch supporter of his brother, Imam Warith Deen Muhammad, whom he followed into mainstream Islam. He, along with Muhammad Ali and others, built Masjid Al-Fatir, a stand-alone, purpose-built Masjid on the southside of Chicago, Illinois. Masjid Al-Fatir was one of the first mosques built from the ground by Muslim Americans, especially African American Muslims. Jabir Muhammad was the director and founder of the Muhammad Islamic Foundation a not for profit foundation which published the book Prayer and Al-Islam by Imam Warith Deen Mohammed in 1984.
Muhammad managed Muhammad Ali's professional boxing career from 1966 until Ali's retirement in 1981. Jabir Muhammad negotiated the first multimillion-dollar earnings for any athlete and was considered one of the most powerful figures in boxing in the 1960s and 1970s, achieving the International Boxing Hall of Fame's 1974 "Manager of the Year" award. He continued to manage Ali's career for another ten years after his retirement from boxing. Muhammad then went on to a successful career in business.
Jabir Herbert Muhammad died on August 25, 2008, at the University of Illinois Medical Center in Chicago, at the age of 79, after undergoing heart surgery. Muhammad was survived by his wife, Amenah Antonia Muhammad, and fourteen children.
Herbert Muhammad has been criticized for his handling of Ali's money and for allowing Ali to continue boxing into "fistic old age".
- "Longtime manager of Ali dies following surgery". Associated Press. ESPN. 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
- Chicago Sun Times, Jabir Herbert Muhammad, son of Nation of Islam founder and former Muhammad Ali manager, dies at 79, http://www.suntimes.com/news/obituaries/1127113,jabir082608.article
- "Muhammad Ali, The Multi-faceted Champion". Chicago Tribune. 23 June 1991. Retrieved 10 September 2016.