Jabodetabek (originally Jabotabek) is an official definition of the urban area or megacity surrounding the Indonesia capital city Jakarta. The definition "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1980s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" a decade later when "De" (for "Depok") was inserted into the name; it finally included five municipalities and three regencies, it was officially expanded again in 2011 to "Jabodetabekjur" to incorporate a part of Cianjur Regency. The population of Jabodetabek was over 28.0 million according to the Indonesian Census 2010, and by January 2014 was officially estimated to have increased to over 30.0 million.
The area comprises the DKI Jakarta and parts of West Java and Banten provinces, specifically the three regencies of those provinces which surround Jakarta - Bekasi and Bogor in West Java, and Tangerang in Banten. Also included were the Kota (formerly Kotamadya) independent municipalities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang and South Tangerang.
The name of the region is taken from the first two (or three) letters of each city's name: Jabo(de)tabek from Jakarta, Bogor, (Depok), Tangerang and Bekasi.
Among the inhabitants, approximately 10.135 million live in Jakarta in January 2014; about 8.84 million in the five cities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang and South Tangerang; and about 11.115 million in the three regencies (Bekasi Regency, Tangerang Regency and Bogor Regency). The population is steadily increasing due to migration from other parts of Indonesia.
Common names for Greater Jakarta:
(per km², 2010)
|South Tangerang Municipality
W.J. = West Java province B. = Banten province
The region is partly defined by the areas from which people commute into the city.
Rail services and termini
- Bogor - Jakarta Kota line, the busiest commuter railroad in Jabotabek. It has four major terminals at Bogor station in Bogor City, Depok station in Depok City, Manggarai Station in South Jakarta (Main Transfer Point), and finally at Jakarta Kota Station.
- Bogor - Jatinegara loop line. It has six major terminal at Bogor station in Bogor City, Depok station in Depok City, Manggarai Station in South Jakarta (Main Transfer Point), Tanah Abang Station (Central Jakarta), Duri Station (West Jakarta), and finally at Jatinegara Station (East Jakarta).
- Bekasi - Jakarta Kota line, the second busiest commuter railroad in Jabotabek. It has four major terminals at Bekasi station in Bekasi City, Jatinegara Station (East Jakarta), Manggarai Station in South Jakarta (Main Transfer Point), and finally at Jakarta Kota Station.
- Maja - Tanah Abang line. It has four major terminals at Maja Station (Lebak Regency), Parung Panjang station (Bogor Regency), Serpong station (South Tangerang City), and finally at Tanah Abang Station (Central Jakarta).
- Tangerang - Duri line. It has two major terminals at Tangerang station (Tangerang City) and Duri Station (West Jakarta).
Visit KRL Commuter Jabodetabek website for lines and schedule information (in Indonesian)
Major bus stations
The region is served by six major bus terminals, connected innercity and intercity :
|Pulo Gadung||Pulo Gadung||East Jakarta|
|Kampung Rambutan||Pasar Rebo||East Jakarta|
|Lebak Bulus||Cilandak||South Jakarta|
|Blok M||Kebayoran Baru||South Jakarta|
|Tanjung Priok||Tanjung Priok||North Jakarta|
|Grogol||Grogol Petamburan||West Jakarta|
|Rawamangun||Pulo Gadung||East Jakarta|
|Kampung Melayu||Jatinegara||East Jakarta|
|Pasar Minggu||Pasar Minggu||South Jakarta|
|Klender||Duren Sawit||East Jakarta|
|Baranangsiang||Central Bogor||Bogor City|
|Depok||Pancoran Mas||Depok City|
|Bekasi||Sepanjang Jaya||Bekasi City|
|Poris Plawad||Poris Plawad||Tangerang City|
|Ciputat||Ciputat||South Tangerang City|
- "Indonesia government:Jabotabek". Indonesia.go.id. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- pt. kompas cyber media. "Tidak Gampang Dapat KTP DKI - KOMPAS.com". Megapolitan.kompas.com. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Penduduk Kabupaten/Kota Umur Tunggal - Tahun 2014.
- "Publikasi Provinsi dan Kabupaten Hasil Sementara SP2010". Bps.go.id. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Forbes, Dean. "Jakarta: Globalization, economic crisis, and social change," pp. 268–298, in Josef Gugler (ed.) World Cities beyond the West: Globalization, Development and Inequality.