Jacaltenango

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Jacaltenango
Jacaltenango is located in Guatemala
Jacaltenango
Jacaltenango
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 15°40′N 91°44′W / 15.667°N 91.733°W / 15.667; -91.733
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Flag of Huehuetenango.gif Huehuetenango
Municipality Jacaltenango
Population (Census 2002)
 • City 34,397
 • Urban 23,464
 • Ethnicities Jakaltek, Ladino
 • Religions Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya
Climate Cwb

Jacaltenango is a town situated in the Western Highlands of Guatemala. It is located in a valley surrounded by the Sierra Madre Mountains. Jacaltenango serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. In 2002, its urban population was about 23,500[1] but the town's population is projected to have grown to over 40,000.[2]

Its economy is based mainly on agricultural products, especially coffee. Jacaltenango exports about 95% of its agricultural production. Jacaltenango has six schools: three elementary and three high schools, which include middle school.

History[edit]

After the Spanish conquest of Guatemala in the 1520s, the "Presentación de Guatemala" Mercedarian province was formed in 1565; originally, the order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy had gotten from bishop Francisco Marroquín several doctrines in the Sacatepéquez and Chimaltenango valleys, close to the capital Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, but they traded those with the Order of Preachers friars in exchange for the doctrines those had in the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes area.[3] During the first part of the 17th century they also had doctrine in four town close to the city of Santiago, which eventually became city neighborhoods: Espíritu Santo, Santiago, San Jerónimo and San Anton —which was the capital of the Mercedarians, where they had their convent and where their comendador lived.[3]

According to bishop Juan de las Cabezas memoir in 1613[4] and the bishop Pedro Cortés y Larraz parish visit minutes from 1770,[5] the Mercedarians came to have nine doctrines, and numerous annexes, which were: Santa Ana de Malacatán, Concepción de Huehuetenango, San Pedro de Solomá, Nuestra Señora de la Purificación de Jacaltenango, Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria de Chiantla, San Andrés de Cuilco, Santiago de Tejutla, San Pedro de Sacatepéquez, and San Juan de Ostuncalco.[6]

However, in 1754, due to the borbon reforms implemented by the Spanish kings, the Mercedarins -and the rest of the regular clergy for that matter-, had to transfer their doctrines to the secular clergy, thus losing their Jacaltaenango convent and annexed doctrines.[7]

Climate[edit]

Jacaltenango has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb).

Climate data for Jacaltenango
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
25.8
(78.4)
27.3
(81.1)
28.5
(83.3)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
25.6
(78.1)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
26.06
(78.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
18.3
(64.9)
19.5
(67.1)
20.9
(69.6)
20.3
(68.5)
20.4
(68.7)
19.6
(67.3)
19.9
(67.8)
19.7
(67.5)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
18.1
(64.6)
19.37
(66.86)
Average low °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
10.8
(51.4)
11.7
(53.1)
13.3
(55.9)
13.3
(55.9)
14.5
(58.1)
13.6
(56.5)
13.7
(56.7)
13.9
(57)
13.4
(56.1)
12.3
(54.1)
11.4
(52.5)
12.72
(54.88)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
(1.89)
18
(0.71)
21
(0.83)
65
(2.56)
145
(5.71)
563
(22.17)
431
(16.97)
357
(14.06)
523
(20.59)
363
(14.29)
104
(4.09)
63
(2.48)
2,701
(106.35)
Source: Climate-Data.org[8]

Geographic location[edit]

Jacaltenango is surrounded by Huehuetenango Department municipalities:[9]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2002 census". Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  2. ^ World Gazetter Jacaltenango Retrieved on July 27, 2007
  3. ^ a b Juarros 1818, p. 336.
  4. ^ Pérez 1966, p. 44.
  5. ^ Cortés y Larraz 1770.
  6. ^ Pérez 1966, p. 44-45.
  7. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 338.
  8. ^ "Climate: Jacaltenango". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c SEGEPLAN. "Municipios del departamento de Huehuetenango" (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on July 7, 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 15°40′N 91°44′W / 15.667°N 91.733°W / 15.667; -91.733