|Member of the Massachusetts Senate from the Second Middlesex and Norfolk district|
|Preceded by||Beryl Cohen|
|Succeeded by||Lois Pines|
|Born||April 26, 1922
|Died||July 19, 2002 (aged 80)
|Alma mater||Syracuse University
Harvard Law School
Backman was born on April 26, 1922 in Saugus, Massachusetts. His father was a shoe factory foreman and Backman grew up in various New England manufacturing towns, including Lynn, Massachusetts, Bangor, Maine, and Claremont, New Hampshire. In 1943 he graduated from Syracuse University. During World War II he was a sergeant in the Army Air Force. In 1948 he graduated from Harvard Law School.
Massachusetts General Court
Backman was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1965 to 1971 and the Massachusetts Senate from 1971 to 1987. While in the House he served as Vice-Chairman of the Judiciary Committee and later as Chairman of the Special Commission on Drug Abuse. In the Senate he remained Chairman of the Special Commission and was Chairman of the Senate Committee on Social Welfare, which became the Committee on Human Services and Elderly Affairs.
During his tenure in the General Court, Backman was involved in a number of social issues, including health care, mental health, prison reform, divestment of pension funds from South Africa, labor issues, and the plight of refugees. In 1971 he proposed replacing welfare with a guaranteed annual income that would provide a family of four a minimum of $5,500.
Later life and death
After his retirement, Backman continued to crusade for social causes. He founded Human Rights for All, a nonprofit organization that promoted the implementation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- "Ms. Coll. 98 Jack H. Backman Papers, 1957-1995, bulk 1970-1986: Guide" (PDF). State Library of Massachusetts - Special Collections Department. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Gomstyn, Alice (July 20, 2002). "Jack Backman, Leading Liberal in Mass. House, Senate; At 80". The Boston Globe.
- 1985–1986 Public Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.