Jack Baldwin (RAF officer)

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Sir John Eustice Arthur Baldwin
Wg Cdr Jack Baldwin - cropped.jpg
Wing Commander Baldwin as Commandant of the Central Flying School c.1929
Born (1892-04-13)13 April 1892
Halifax, England
Died 28 July 1975(1975-07-28) (aged 83)
Rutland, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army (1910–18, 1944–58)
Royal Air Force (1918–44)
Years of service c. 1910–44,1948–58
Rank Air Marshal
Commands held 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars (1948–58)
Third Tactical Air Force (1943–44)
Bomber Command (1942)
No. 3 Group (1939–42)
No. 21 Group (1938–39)
RAF College Cranwell (1936–38)
No. 1 Group (1934–35)
Central Flying School (1928–31)
41st Wing RFC (1917–18)
No. 55 Squadron (1916–17)
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches (4)
Officer of the Order of the Crown (Belgium)
Croix de guerre (Belgium)
Order of the White Lion (Czechoslovakia)
War Cross (Czechoslovakia)
Air Medal (United States)

Air Marshal Sir John Eustice Arthur Baldwin, KBE, CB, DSO, DL (13 April 1892 – 28 July 1975) was a senior officer in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

Early life[edit]

Educated at Rugby School and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Baldwin was commissioned into the 8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars in 1911 and served as a cavalry Officer in the First World War.[1]

Military Service[edit]

Baldwin was awarded the Royal Aero Club's Aviator's Certificate no. 971 on 17 November 1914 and became a pilot in the Royal Flying Corps.[2] He was appointed Officer Commanding No. 55 Squadron in October 1916 and Officer Commanding No. 41 Wing in December 1917 before transferring to the Royal Air Force on its formation in 1918.[2] He was appointed Commandant of the Central Flying School in 1928 and served as Aide-de-Camp to King George V from 1931 to 1932.[2] He went on to be Air Officer Commanding No. 1 Group in 1934, Director of Personal Services in 1935 and Commandant of the RAF College Cranwell in 1936 before taking up the post of Air Officer Commanding No. 21 Group in 1938.[2] He retired in August 1939.[2]

Just two weeks later, Baldwin was recalled to serve in the Second World War as Air Office Commanding No. 3 Group at RAF Bomber Command.[2] Between 9 January and 21 February 1942, he was acting Commander in Chief of Bomber Command, after the removal of Richard Peirse. During this brief tenure the "Channel Dash" occurred, when the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau escaped from the French port of Brest and fled up the English Channel to the sanctuary of Kiel harbour in northern Germany.[3] In October 1942 he became Deputy Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, India.[2] This appointment was followed from November 1943 by his posting as Air Officer Commanding Third Tactical Air Force which supported the ground battle in South East Asia.[2] On 5 February 1943, Baldwin attended the departure of Major General Orde Wingate, the Chindits and the 1st Air Commando Group departed for Operation THURSDAY in Burma.[4] He reverted to the Retired List again on 15 December 1944.[2] Between 1948 and 1958 Jack was Colonel of the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars, and when the unit amalgamated to form the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars he became a Deputy Colonel until his retirement in 1960.[2]

Personal life[edit]

In 1916 Jack Baldwin married Kathleen Betsy Terry of the York confectionery family (Terry's),[5] they lived in the village of Ketton, Rutland from the 1930s to the 1950s and had two children, John and Pamela. John Noel Anthony Baldwin became a Captain in the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars and was killed in action in 1942 in Libya. Baldwin was the High Sheriff of Rutland in 1955.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falconer, Jonathon (1998). The Bomber Command Handbook 1939–1945. Stroud: Sutton Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7509-1819-5. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation – Air Marshal Sir John Baldwin
  3. ^ RAF History – Bomber Command 60th Anniversary Archived 14 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Royle, Trevor, “Orde Wingate: A Man of Genius 1903–1944,” Frontline Books, October 2010, ISBN 978-1848325722
  5. ^ "Personals: Marriages and to be Married" (PDF). Flight. 2 March 1916. p. 181. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Captain John Noel Anthony Baldwin, 71084". Leicestershire War Memorials Project. 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Gentry families in Ketton: Baldwin Family". www.kettonvillagehistory.co.uk. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Burnett
Commandant of the Central Flying School
1928–1931
Succeeded by
Paul Maltby
Preceded by
Henry Cave-Browne-Cave
Commandant RAF College
1936–1938
Succeeded by
unknown
Preceded by
Sir Richard Peirse
Commander-in-Chief Bomber Command
(Acting)

1942
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Harris
New title
Post established
Air Officer Commanding Tactical Air Force (Burma)
Post retitled AOC Third Tactical Air Force on 28 December 1943

1943–1944
Succeeded by
Alec Coryton