Jack Charles (actor)
5 September 1943|
Cummeragunja Reserve, New South Wales, Australia
|Occupation||Actor, musician, potter, aboriginal elder|
|Home town||Box Hill, Victoria|
Jack Charles (born 5 September 1943) is an Australian Aboriginal actor, musician, potter, and Aboriginal elder. His screen credits include the landmark Australian film The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith (1978), Bedevil (1993), Blackfellas (1993), Tom White (2004) and Pan (2015), among others.
Born to a Bunurong mother and Wiradjuri father at Cummeragunja Mission on the Murray River, Charles' great-great-grandfather was a Djadjawurrung man, among the activists who resisted government policy at Victoria’s Coranderrk Aboriginal Reserve in 1881.
Charles was a victim of the Australian Government's forced assimilation programme which took him from his mother as an infant. He was raised in the Salvation Army Boys' Home at Box Hill, suburban Melbourne, where he was the only Indigenous child and where he was sexually abused.
Charles received a Christian education from the Salvation Army and continued to observe Christian values into his 70s when he told Geraldine Doogue,
"I've employed my Aboriginality as my religion now ... instead of God, I've found that the Godhead is within me ... I'm solely directed towards making an accommodation between Black and White."
In 1970, the director of the New Theatre Melbourne, Dot Thompson, cast Charles in Athol Fugard's The Blood Knot and this was followed by a non-Aboriginal role in Rod Milgate's A Refined Look at Existence.:115
Charles was involved in establishing Indigenous theatre in Australia. In 1971 he co-founded, with Bob Maza, Nindethana ('place for a corroboree') at The Pram Factory in Melbourne, Australia's first Indigenous theatre group. Their first hit play was called Jack Charles is Up and Fighting, in 1972, and included music composed by him.:26
In 1972, Charles auditioned for the role of the Australian Indigenous title character in the television show Boney but was declined because they were "looking for an actor with blue eyes". The job went to New Zealand-born James Laurenson who wore black face make-up for the role.
In 1974, Charles played Bennelong in the Old Tote Theatre production of Michael Boddy's Cradle of Hercules which was presented at the Sydney Opera House as part of its opening season. Also in the cast was a very young David Gulpilil.:116
Charles was the subject of Amiel Courtin-Wilson's 2008 documentary Bastardy which followed him for seven years. The film's tagline describes him as: "Addict. Homosexual. Cat burglar. Actor. Aboriginal." The film was in the official selection for Singapore, Melbourne, Sydney and Sheffield Doc/Fest film festivals.
In 2010, Ilbijerri Theatre staged Charles' one-man show called Jack Charles v The Crown at the Melbourne Festival. Charles was nominated for a Helpmann Award for Best Male Actor in a Play for this performance. Jack Charles v The Crown has since toured across Australia and internationally. In 2012, he performed in the Sydney Festival production I am Eora.
In 2016, Charles played the role of Uncle Paddy in two episodes of the television horror drama series Wolf Creek. Also in 2016, he played the role of Uncle Jimmy in the television drama series Cleverman.
Charles was for most of his adult life a petty thief and drug addict. He was sentenced to imprisonment 22 times and convicted twice as many times, mainly for burglary and drug offences. His first conviction was entered when he was 17 for the offence of leaving his foster home without the permission of his foster parents. In breach of a forced assimilation order, driven by curiosity about his race, he had been seeking out members of his tribe in Melbourne. He later commented, half-jokingly, that his cat burglary endeavours in luxury districts such as Kew, Melbourne, were rent-collecting missions on Aboriginal land.
Charles told Doogue he took up drugs because he found he was a "bad drinker" but that, having given them up after being embarrassed at what he saw of himself in the 2008 documentary, Bastardy, he had never looked back.
- "Jack Charles V The Crown". Melbourne Festival 2011. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Kaye, Amanda (8 June 2017). "TEDxSydney 2017 Speakers—Uncle Jack Charles". Tedx. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Anna Krien, Anna (October 2010). "Blanche's Boy". The Monthly (61). Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "The Return of Jack Charles". ABC, Compass. 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- George, Sheena (2003). Celebration of aboriginality through theatre of hybridisation:An analysis of the plays of Jack Davis (PDF). Department of English, University of Calicut.
- Documented in 'Bastardy'
- "Blanche's Boy". The Monthly. October 2010. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Casey, Maryrose (2004). Creating Frames: Contemporary Indigenous Theatre 1967–1990. Univ. of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702234323.
- Don Storey. "Boney". Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- Sydney Festival. "I am Eora". Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Amanda Seyfried Joins Warner Bros.' Peter Pan Adaptation". The Hollywood Reporter. 24 April 2014.
- Puvanenthiran, Bhakthi (28 April 2014). "Jack Charles win a first at Green Room awards". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 January 2017.