Jack County, Texas

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Jack County
The Jack County Courthouse in Jacksboro
The Jack County Courthouse in Jacksboro
Map of Texas highlighting Jack County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°14′N 98°11′W / 33.24°N 98.18°W / 33.24; -98.18
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1857
SeatJacksboro
Largest cityJacksboro
Area
 • Total920 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Land911 sq mi (2,360 km2)
 • Water9.5 sq mi (25 km2)  1.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,472
 • Density9.2/sq mi (3.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district13th
Websitewww.jackcounty.org

Jack County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 8,472.[1] Its county seat is Jacksboro.[2] The county was created in 1856 and organized the next year.[3] It is named for Patrick Churchill Jack and his brother William Houston Jack, both soldiers of the Texas Revolution.[4][5][6] Since January 2013, Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has represented Jack County in the Texas House of Representatives.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 920 sq mi (2,400 km2), of which 911 sq mi (2,360 km2) are land and 9.5 sq mi (25 km2) (1.0%) are covered by water.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,000
1870694−30.6%
18806,626854.8%
18909,74047.0%
190010,2245.0%
191011,81715.6%
19209,863−16.5%
19309,046−8.3%
194010,20612.8%
19507,755−24.0%
19607,418−4.3%
19706,711−9.5%
19807,40810.4%
19906,981−5.8%
20008,76325.5%
20109,0443.2%
20208,472−6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1850–2010[10] 2010[11] 2020[12]
A scene typical of the mixed pastures and wooded hills of eastern Jack County

2020 census[edit]

Jack County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[11] Pop 2020[12] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 7,289 6,358 80.59% 75.05%
Black or African American alone (NH) 340 294 3.76% 3.47%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 38 35 0.42% 0.41%
Asian alone (NH) 30 41 0.33% 0.48%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 5 0.03% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 6 9 0.07% 0.11%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 55 209 0.61% 2.47%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,283 1,521 14.19% 17.95%
Total 9,044 8,472 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[13] 8,763 people, 3,047 households, and 2,227 families were residing in Jack County. The population density was 10 people/sq mi (4/km2). The 3,668 housing units averaged 4/sq mi (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.68% White, 5.55% African American], 0.67% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 3.85% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. About 7.89% of the population were Hispanic]]s or Latinos of any race.

Of the 3,047 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were not families. About 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52, and the average family size was 2.99. As of the 2010 census, about 4.1 same-sex couples per 1,000 households were in the county.[14]

In the county, the age distribution was 23.4% under 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 120.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,500, and for a family was $37,323. Males had a median income of $28,838 versus $20,216 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,210. About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 13.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The county is dominated by agriculture (mostly ranching), which has kept population density low. The extensive mechanization of agriculture has resulted in large farms and few workers.

A $200 million, 110 MW Keechi wind farm project with Enbridge, financed via a 20-year agreement with Microsoft, was announced.[15][16][17]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Frank Shelby Groner (1877-1943) was county attorney and later president of the College of Marshall.
  • Edith Wilmans, first woman elected to the Texas State Legislature, lived near Vineyard, in Jack County, for some years after leaving office; she raised goats and cattle on her farm, and was a practicing lawyer.[18]

Politics[edit]

Prior to 1952, Jack County was solidly Democratic in presidential elections similar to almost all of Texas & Solid South. From 1952 to 1996, the county was a swing county, though became somewhat of a bellwether earlier, voting for the national winner in all presidential elections from 1928 to 2004 except for 1960, 1968, & 1996. From 2000 on, the county has become a Republican Party stronghold, with its presidential candidates winning by increasing margins in each passing election. As a testament to how strongly Republican the county has swung, Donald Trump defeated Hillary Clinton by a margin of 79.4 percent in 2016, compared to an only 6.7 percent margin Bob Dole won the county by 20 years prior at the start of its Republican trend.

United States presidential election results for Jack County, Texas[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,418 90.38% 331 8.75% 33 0.87%
2016 2,973 88.75% 314 9.37% 63 1.88%
2012 2,580 88.72% 303 10.42% 25 0.86%
2008 2,528 83.63% 470 15.55% 25 0.83%
2004 2,470 79.01% 643 20.57% 13 0.42%
2000 2,107 70.85% 822 27.64% 45 1.51%
1996 1,162 46.72% 1,019 40.97% 306 12.30%
1992 1,041 31.10% 1,254 37.47% 1,052 31.43%
1988 1,542 50.16% 1,521 49.48% 11 0.36%
1984 1,825 65.67% 945 34.01% 9 0.32%
1980 1,482 51.51% 1,349 46.89% 46 1.60%
1976 1,049 36.54% 1,814 63.18% 8 0.28%
1972 1,719 68.57% 775 30.91% 13 0.52%
1968 966 37.00% 1,133 43.39% 512 19.61%
1964 847 34.66% 1,594 65.22% 3 0.12%
1960 1,342 55.18% 1,079 44.37% 11 0.45%
1956 1,327 56.54% 997 42.48% 23 0.98%
1952 1,406 55.38% 1,130 44.51% 3 0.12%
1948 265 14.58% 1,426 78.48% 126 6.93%
1944 217 11.05% 1,484 75.56% 263 13.39%
1940 305 12.97% 2,046 86.99% 1 0.04%
1936 183 14.01% 1,113 85.22% 10 0.77%
1932 189 11.57% 1,429 87.45% 16 0.98%
1928 1,068 70.22% 450 29.59% 3 0.20%
1924 290 19.73% 1,154 78.50% 26 1.77%
1920 253 28.72% 566 64.25% 62 7.04%
1916 121 10.98% 862 78.22% 119 10.80%
1912 85 7.35% 755 65.25% 317 27.40%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jack County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
  4. ^ "Jack, Patrick Churchill". The Handbook of Texas Online. The Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
  5. ^ "Jack, William Houston". The Handbook of Texas Online. The Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 167.
  7. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  10. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Jack County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Jack County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ Where Same-Sex Couples Live, June 26, 2015, retrieved July 6, 2015
  15. ^ Smith, Patrick (January 6, 2014). "Enbridge funds $200 million RES Texas wind project". Windpower Monthly. Retrieved September 4, 2014. See also Enbridge
  16. ^ Ingle, John. "Casper, Wyoming-based company begins hauling wind generator pieces to Jack County," Times Record News, September 3, 2014. Accessed: September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ "Portfolio - RES - Global Renewable Energy Company". www.res-americas.com. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  18. ^ Nancy Baker Jones; Ruthe Winegarten (July 22, 2010). Capitol Women: Texas Female Legislators, 1923–1999. University of Texas Press. pp. 80–. ISBN 978-0-292-78853-4.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°14′N 98°11′W / 33.24°N 98.18°W / 33.24; -98.18