Jack Evans (Washington, D.C. politician)
|Member of the Council of the District of Columbia from Ward 2|
May 13, 1991 – January 17, 2020
|Preceded by||John Wilson|
|Commissioner of the District of Columbia for district 2B07|
January 2, 1989 – January 2, 1991
|Preceded by||Renee Schwager|
|Succeeded by||Renee Schwager|
|Born||October 31, 1953|
Nanticoke, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Education||University of Pennsylvania (BA)|
University of Pittsburgh (JD)
John K. Evans III (born October 31, 1953) is an American lawyer and politician who served on the Council of the District of Columbia from 1991 to 2020 before resigning due to ethics violations. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented Ward 2 of Washington, D.C. from May 1991 to January 2020, making him the D.C. Council's longest-serving lawmaker. Evans served as the Chairman of the Board of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) until its ethics committee found he violated conflict of interest rules. He ran for Mayor in 1998 and 2014, but lost in the Democratic primary both times.
Evans faced multiple ethics investigations, including using his position on the WMATA Board of Directors for personal gain. Other investigations found Evans took payments from EagleBank, Colonial Parking, Wilco Construction, Exelon, and other companies with business before the D.C. Council and WMATA. A federal grand jury investigation of Evans' business relationships included an FBI raid of Evans' residence in June 2019. After reviewing the findings of a Council-funded investigation, all twelve other Councilmembers recommended his expulsion in December 2019. Before a final expulsion vote could be held, he announced his resignation. Ten days after leaving his seat on January 17, 2020, he filed paperwork to run in the special election to replace him as well as in the primary for the next regular election, a move condemned by all of his former Council colleagues.
Early life and education
Evans was born in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania, the son of a florist and a school teacher. He received an economics degree with honors (cum laude) from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1975, and a J.D. degree from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law in 1978. He began practicing law in Washington, D.C. at the Securities and Exchange Commission in the Division of Enforcement.
Evans was elected to the D.C. Council in 1991 in a special election to replace John A. Wilson, who had run for council chairman and won. He was sworn in on May 13, 1991. He had previously served as a member of Advisory Neighborhood Commission 2B in Dupont Circle. Evans was elected to serve as chairman of the ANC from 1989 to 1990. He was the Councilmember for Ward 2 from 1991 to 2020, which included Chinatown, Logan Circle, Dupont Circle, Sheridan-Kalorama, Foggy Bottom, the West End, Georgetown, Burleith, Hillandale, and much of Downtown Washington (including the White House, the National Mall, and the U.S. Capitol Building).
On the D.C. Council, Evans served as chairman of the Council's Committee on Finance and Revenue until 2019 when he was removed following ethics investigations. During his time on the Council, Evans authored D.C.'s Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) legislation.
Evans was a delegate at every Democratic National Conventions from 1992 to 2016, as well as D.C. Co-Chair of the 2004 Howard Dean presidential campaign, the 1992 and 1996 Bill Clinton presidential campaigns, the 2012 Barack Obama presidential campaign and the 2008 and 2016 Hillary Clinton presidential campaigns. He was a Presidential Elector for the District of Columbia in 1992, 2004, and 2016. He also served as D.C. Democratic Party treasurer from 1988 to 1991, Board Chairman for the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments in 1995, and was elected Democratic National Committeeman for the District on the Democratic National Committee in 2018.
Evans first ran for mayor in 1998, coming in third behind Anthony A. Williams and fellow Councilmember Kevin P. Chavous. Evans launched his second campaign for mayor on June 8, 2013. By December 10, his campaign had raised over $1,000,000, making him the top fundraising candidate and the first to break the million-dollar mark. On January 27, the campaign had turned in more than 10,000 petition signatures, the largest collection of signatures by a mayoral candidate in the 2014 race. Evans finished in fourth place with 4,039 votes.
Evans has been criticized for using his constituent service funds to purchase tickets to sporting events. Such funds are also used to help needy constituents with expected and unexpected expenses, such as funerals. The Washington Post calculated that Evans had spent $135,897 on sporting events and directed $101,564 toward charitable organizations over the previous decade. Evans explained that, as a major advocate of local sports, he used funds for the benefit of Little League Baseball teams and other constituents that cannot afford to attend sports events. In 2015, Evans used his constituent services fund to reimburse himself for a $50 parking ticket. In 2016, the Council approved a $20,000 increase to the funding limits of constituent services funds at Evans' request.
During his time on the D.C. Council, Evans' outside employment includes work as an insurance executive for Central Benefits Mutual Insurance Co., as an of counsel attorney at the Squire Patton Boggs law firm from 2001 until 2015, and earlier as a partner with the firm BakerHostetler. In October 2015, Evans became Counsel to the law firm of Manatt, Phelps & Phillips. He resigned from the firm in November 2017.
In 2016, Evans formed a company called NSE Consulting, using a prominent lobbyist as the firm's registered agent. Among the clients of NSE Consulting were development and investment firms Willco and EastBanc and the parent company of Colonial Parking, all of whom stood to benefit from legislation Evans introduced. Facing federal scrutiny and calls for his resignation, Evans announced he would no longer pursue outside income and outside consulting. In March 2019, he renewed the business registration for NSE Consulting, claiming he was following advice of counsel.
In 2018, the D.C. Board of Ethics and Government Accountability opened an investigation into Evans's dealings with digital sign company Digi Media, to determine whether Evans had violated the Council's code of conduct by lobbying on the company's behalf. Evans denies violating ethics rules. In December 2018, the ethics board suspended the inquiry because of an ongoing law enforcement investigation. In September 2018, a federal grand jury issued a subpoena for documents relating to the matter. In March 2019, the investigation was expanded to include Evans' relationship with several large D.C. businesses and lobbying firms.
Evans was reprimanded by a unanimous council motion in March 2019 for using his D.C. Council staff and email to solicit business from law firms that lobby the city. Resisting calls to remove him from Chair of the Finance and Revenue Committee, Chairman Phil Mendelson stripped him of oversight of Events DC and the DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities. Evans apologized and claimed that he had stopped outside consulting. Following further revelations that Evans had violated ethics rules during his time as Chairman of WMATA, the Council removed him from Committee leadership and reached a split vote about whether to remove him from all committee assignments.
As revelations about Evans' outside employment grew, calls for his resignation from the D.C. Council followed. In May 2019, a recall campaign was launched by local activist Adam Eidinger. Other activists launched a website titled "Sack Jack" calling for his resignation and detailing the ethics charges. In July 2019, David Grosso was the first member of the D.C. Council to call for Evans' resignation. The Council commissioned a report by a D.C. law firm, which found multiple instances when Evans took official actions which benefited his clients, none of which were disclosed. House Republicans sought to delay markup of House Resolution 51, which provides Statehood for the District of Columbia, due to concerns over Evans' ethics. Evans said that Republicans were citing his behavior because they lacked any valid reasons to oppose Statehood. On December 3, 2019, all of his Council colleagues voted to recommend his expulsion, the first time that step had been taken.
Evans supports gay rights. According to the Washington Blade, "Evans has been the lead sponsor or co-sponsor of virtually every LGBT-supportive bill that has come before the legislative body." In 2009, Evans co-sponsored the bill that legalized same-sex marriage in D.C. The nation's capital became the first jurisdiction in the United States south of the Mason–Dixon line to allow same-sex couples to marry.
Evans supported the construction of the Verizon Center, which opened in 1997 in his ward and became home to the Washington Wizards, Washington Mystics, and Washington Capitals as they moved from suburban Maryland to Downtown Washington. He played a key role in the negotiations that brought the Montreal Expos franchise to Washington, D.C., in 2005, and in the Council's 2004 decision to finance a stadium for the Washington Nationals. In 2016, Evans stated that he opposed proposed legislation that would impose a cap on public funding for a new Wizards practice facility.
In 2001, Evans introduced successful legislation to overturn a 1994 referendum that had limited members of the D.C. Council to two terms. Evans argued that by denying voters their choice of candidates, term limits were undemocratic.
Evans has several times introduced legislation to ban Council involvement in the contract procurement process, a practice which Evans has described as "a recipe for mischief," and which the Washington Post said in 2015, "practically invites losing bidders and their lobbyists to attempt an end run."
In July 2012, Evans sponsored legislation to delay the direct election of D.C.'s attorney general. Voters had previously approved a charter amendment making the post an elected, rather than appointed, position. Evans expressed concern that the city was not ready for the scheduled 2014 vote, noting among other things that no candidates had emerged for the position. In June 2014, a federal appeals court invalidated the legislation and ordered that the vote take place as scheduled.
Evans favors the return of the Washington Redskins to the District of Columbia, and has said that neither the personality of the team's owner, Daniel Snyder, nor the controversy over the team's name should be relevant to that effort. As he explained, "whatever it's called, whoever owns it is not relevant, because that will change over time."
In 2016, the D.C. Council considered legislation that would provide paid family and medical leave to employees in the District of Columbia and fund the benefits by new taxes on all District businesses. Evans opposed the new tax, calling the proposed legislation an "absurdity" because most of the benefits would be received by residents of neighboring Maryland and Virginia, not those of the District, whose businesses would be taxed. As an alternative, Evans co-introduced legislation which would have afforded the same paid leave, but in lieu of a tax, would have required private employers to pay employees for the time off. Although supported by the Mayor and major business groups, the alternative failed, and the original proposal passed the Council by a vote of 9-4.
Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Evans has twice served as the primary director from the District of the Columbia on the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, first from 1993 to 1999 and again from 2015 through the present. He has served as chairman of the board three times (1994, 1997, and 2016). During his current tenure, Evans has advocated reform of the agency and additional funding from the federal government. In November 2016, Evans urged that Metro's challenges should be addressed by a federal takeover, in an arrangement akin to the control board that rescued the District from financial crisis in the 1990s. Evans stated that Metro's current 16-member board was cumbersome and unworkable. Evans also cautioned that establishment of a control board would face major legal and political challenges, and acknowledged that the proposal was unlikely to win much backing. He sought the investigation of Laz Parking, a WMATA contractor and competitor of Colonial Parking, a NSE consulting client that was paying him $50,000 a year. While serving as Chairman of WMATA, he simultaneously was hired by 10 firms that had business with WMATA, receiving a total undisclosed payment of $325,000 annually.
In May 2019, Evans said he would not serve another term as Chairman of WMATA. Evans initially claimed that he decided not to seek reelection as Chairman voluntarily. Following the disclosure of a 20-page memo that identified 16 different ways in which Evans violated either the board's ethics code or the Metro Compact, the founding charter of WMATA, Evans said he had a poor recollection of the events and was focused on how he could update his disclosures. Maryland Governor Larry Hogan said that he was too ethically compromised and repeatedly called for him to step down from the board entirely. In a June 2019 letter, Evans said that he would no longer serve on Metro's board following the completion of his term as Chairman.
In August 2019, the D.C. Board of Ethics and Government Accountability (BEGA) found that there was "substantial evidence" that Evans violated rules restricting officials from using their offices for private gains. The ethics board fined him $20,000.
It was also revealed that Evans attempted to pressure Metro General Counsel Patricia Lee and board corporate secretary Jennifer Green Ellison in order to conceal the ethical violation.
- Committee on Business and Economic Development
- Committee on Government Operations
- Committee on Transportation and the Environment
Evans married Noel Soderberg in 1994. The couple had three children together, triplets. Soderberg died in September 2003 after a long battle with breast cancer. His second marriage, to Michele Seiver, ended in divorce. Evans is a member of the Christ Church in Georgetown and the Foundry United Methodist Church in Dupont Circle, for which he served as Chair of the annual AIDS fundraiser from 2001 to 2003.
Evans has been frequently criticized in the media and by the public for violating city parking regulations with his personal vehicle. In 2014, he issued a statement apologizing for extended parking in front of a fire hydrant, and in 2018, he was filmed telling a bystander "if I park illegally, that opens up a spot for you."
|Republican||Roger L. Moffatt||21|
|Democratic||Kevin P. Chavous||35|
|D.C. Statehood Green||Tom Briggs||21|
|Republican||Jesse James Price Sr.||9|
|D.C. Statehood Green||Jay Houston Marx||8|
|Republican||Christina Erland Culver||17|
- Will Sommer (March 15, 2016). "Jack Evans Gets a New Job—And a Big New Potential Conflict of Interest". The Washington City Paper. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
- "Council Period 17 Appointment of Chairperson Pro Tempore, Committee Chairpersons, and Committee and Membership Resolution of 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- "John K. Evans, III - Lawyer in Washington, District Of Columbia (DC) District Of Columbia County - legaldirectories.com". www.legaldirectories.com.
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- McCartney, Robert (27 June 2019). "Metro has received two federal subpoenas in Jack Evans investigation". Washington Post. Washington DC. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- Trip Gabriel (April 2, 2014). "D.C. Mayor Is Defeated in Upset at Primary; Muriel Bowser Defeats Mayor Vincent Gray in Washington Primary". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
- "District of DeBonis". The Washington Post.
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- "FBI conducting raid at DC Councilmember Jack Evans' home". Fox 5 DC WTTG. 2019-06-21. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
- "DC Council Privately Meets with Member Jack Evans Amid Federal Probe". The Washington Post.
- Hansen, Drew (8 July 2019). "Grosso calls on Evans to resign from D.C. Council".
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- Alan Suderman (November 18, 2011). "Unhappy Jack: Jack Evans says this is the worst D.C. Council in his 20 year tenure. But is he actually making it better?". Washington City Paper. Archived from the original on December 19, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
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- "Evans Takes D.C. Oath". The Washington Post. May 14, 1991. p. B2.
- "Jack Evans". Council of the District of Columbia. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
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- "Who Had the Priciest Mayoral Campaign?". Washington City Paper. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- Craig, Tim; Stewart, Nikita (August 21, 2011). "D.C. Council's Jack Evans paid for sports tickets from constituent fund, records show". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
- "Constituent services funds are supposed to help D.C. residents in need. Do they?". The Washington Post. March 26, 2019.
- Sherwood, Tom (May 10, 2018). "Do Constituent Service Funds Always Serve Constituents?". Washington City Paper. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
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- Sommer, Will (May 19, 2016). "Jack Evans Remains King of the Shady Arrangement". Washington City Paper. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
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- "DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA BOARD OF ETHICS AND GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY MINUTES OF MEETING January 10, 2019" (PDF). BEGA DC. p. 9. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
In response to a question from Mr. Sindram as to why the investigation with respect to Councilmember Evans had been stayed, the Director stated that the investigation had been stayed because of an ongoing law enforcement investigation.
- "Federal grand jury issued subpoena for documents relating to D.C. Council member Jack Evans". The Washington Post.
- "More Subpoenas in the Jack Evans Probe". Washington City Paper. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
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- Nirappil, Fenit (13 March 2019). "D.C. Council privately meets with member Jack Evans amid federal probe". The Washington Post. Washington DC. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
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- Konsmo, Sarah (9 July 2019). "'Sack Jack' | DC residents call for Ward 2 Councilmember Jack Evans to resign". WUSA9. Washington DC. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
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- Nirappil, Fenit (19 November 2019). "D.C. Council hears from lawyers who found repeated ethics violations by Jack Evans". Washington Post. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- Nirappil, Fenit (18 December 2019). "House Republicans want to delay consideration of D.C. statehood over Jack Evans". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
- Meet the Allies, Washington Blade, June 7, 2012.
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Ladson, Bill. D.C.'s team to be the Nationals", Mlb.com.
- O'Connell, Jonathan (March 1, 2016). "D.C. Council member proposes spending cap for Wizards facility". Washington Post.
- Chan, Sewell (9 January 2001). "D.C. Council Considers Repeal of Term Limits". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- Chan, Sewell (1 October 2008). "When a City Council Repealed Term Limits". New York Times. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "Jack Evans to propose curtailing D.C. Council power over city contracts". Washington Examiner. 2013-01-06. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
- Board, Editorial (2015-05-04). "Get the D.C. Council out of the procurement process". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
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- "Cheh, Evans pass legislation to protect Uber from city regulations". 17 September 2013.
- "D.C. Council Member Jack Evans says Redskins name shouldn't be roadblock to a Washington stadium". Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Peter Jamison (December 6, 2016). "D.C.'s expansive family and medical leave policy advances". Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Peter Jamison (December 19, 2016). "Two D.C. Council members propose radical revisions to paid family leave bill". Retrieved December 19, 2016.
- Peter Jamison (December 20, 2016). "D.C. Council votes for expansive paid family and medical leave for private-sector workers". Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- DiCaro, Martin (28 January 2016). "Jack Evans Elected Chair Of Metro Board In Unanimous Vote". Washington, DC: WAMU. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- Powers, Martine (6 August 2016). "For lawmakers, Metro's recent woes mean tougher prospects on the Hill". Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- McCartney, Robert (2 November 2016). "Metro Board Chairman Jack Evans urges federal takeover of transit system". Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
- McCartney, Robert (17 June 2019). "Law firm that investigated Jack Evans for Metro found 'multiple violations' of ethics code". Washington Post. Washington DC. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
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- McCartney, Robert (19 June 2019). "In reversal, Metro chair Jack Evans acknowledges he violated board's ethics code". Washington Post. Washington DC. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
- Smith, Max (May 23, 2019). "Jack Evans to leave role as Metro board chairman". WTOP. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
- "D.C. lawmaker Jack Evans fined $20,000 in ethics case involving outside work". The Washington Post. 2019.
- Robert, McCartney (2019-08-17). "Jack Evans threatened Metro officials' jobs in an effort to conceal ethics violation, documents show". The Washington Post. Washington, the District of Columbia: The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
- "Councilmember Jack Evans". dccouncil.us.
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- Jaffe, Harry (July 1, 2008). "And Daddy Makes Four: Jack Evans and His Triplets". The Washingtonian.
- Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (June 18, 2006). "Still Hoping to Fit Love Into a Very Busy Schedule". The Washington Post. p. D3.
- "Prostate Screenings Can Save Lives". WRC-TV (NBC 4). September 24, 2007.
- "Jack & Michele Evans Modern Family - The Georgetowner". 29 June 2012.
- "D.C. Councilman Jack Evans and his wife have split". February 19, 2015 – via www.washingtonpost.com.
- Jura Koncius (September 21, 2017). "'My turn': An empty nester creates a dream house as a gift to herself" – via www.washingtonpost.com.
- Entertain_DC (22 January 2016). "Q&A Café with Carol Joynt - Guest: Jack Evans" – via YouTube.
- King, Colbert (February 18, 2014). "A soul-stirring performance by D.C. mayoral candidates". The Washington Post.
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|Council of the District of Columbia|
| Member of the Council of the District of Columbia
from Ward 2