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Sir John Rankine Goody, FBA (//; 27 July 1919 – 16 July 2015), known as Jack Goody, was a British social anthropologist. He was a prominent lecturer at Cambridge University, and was William Wyse Professor of Social Anthropology from 1973 to 1984.
Among his main publications were Death, property and the ancestors (1962), Technology, Tradition, and the State in Africa (1971), The myth of the Bagre (1972) and The domestication of the savage mind (1977).
Born 27 July 1919, Goody grew up in Welwyn Garden City and St Albans, where he attended St Albans School. He went up to St John's College, Cambridge to study English Literature in 1938, where he met leftist intellectuals like Eric Hobsbawm.
Goody left university to fight in World War II. Following officer training, he was commissioned into the Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), British Army, on 23 March 1940 as a second lieutenant. Fighting in North Africa, he was captured by the Germans and spent three years in prisoner-of-war camps. At the end of the war he held the rank of lieutenant. Following his release, he returned to Cambridge to continue his studies.
He officially relinquished his commission on 19 January 1952.
Inspired by James George Frazer's Golden Bough and the archaeologist V. Gordon Childe, he transferred to Archaeology and Anthropology when he resumed university study in 1946. After fieldwork with the LoWiili and LoDagaa peoples in northern Ghana, Goody increasingly turned to comparative study of Europe, Africa and Asia.
Between 1954 and 1984, he taught social anthropology at Cambridge University, serving as the William Wyse Professor of Social Anthropology from 1973 until 1984. He gave the Luce Lectures at Yale University—Fall 1987.
Goody has pioneered the comparative anthropology of literacy, attempting to gauge the preconditions and effects of writing as a technology. He also published about the history of the family and the anthropology of inheritance. More recently, he has written on the anthropology of flowers and food.
Goody died on 16 July 2015, aged 95. His funeral was held on 29 July at the West Chapel, Cambridge City Crematorium.
In 1976, Goody was elected Fellow of the British Academy (FBA). He was an associate of the US National Academy of Sciences. In the 2005 Queen's Birthday Honours, he was appointed a Knight Bachelor "for services to Social Anthropology", and therefore granted the use of the title sir. In 2006, he was appointed Commandeur dans l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French Republic.
Jack Goody explained social structure and social change primarily in terms of three major factors. The first was the development of intensive forms of agriculture that allowed the accumulation of surplus – surplus explained many aspects of cultural practice from marriage to funerals as well as the great divide between African and Eurasian societies. Second, he explained social change in terms of urbanisation and growth of bureaucratic institutions that modified or overrode traditional forms of social organisation, such as family or tribe, identifying civilisation as "the culture of cities". And third, he attached great weight to the technologies of communication as instruments of psychological and social change. He associated the beginnings of writing with the task of managing surplus and, in a paper with Ian Watt (Goody and Watt 1963), he advanced the argument that the rise of science and philosophy in classical Greece depended on the invention of the alphabet. As these factors could be applied to any contemporary social system or to systematic changes over time, his work is equally relevant to many disciplines.
- 1956 The social organisation of the LoWiili (London, H.M.S.O.), 2nd ed. 1976 (London, published for the International African Institute by the Oxford University Press)
- 1962 Death, Property and the Ancestors: A Study of the Mortuary Customs of the LoDagaa of West Africa (Stanford, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-422-98080-3). reviews:
- 1968 ed., Literacy in Traditional Societies (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press); translated into German and Spanish. reviews:
- 1971 Technology, Tradition, and the State in Africa (Oxford, Oxford University Press)
- 1972 The Myth of the Bagre (Oxford, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-815134-9). reviews:
- 1973 ed., The Character of Kinship (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1973). reviews:
- 1976 Production and Reproduction: A Comparative Study of the Domestic Domain 1976 Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-29088-0
- 1977 The Domestication of the Savage Mind (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press); translated into Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Turkish.
- 1982 Cooking,Cuisine and Class: A Study in Comparative Sociology (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press); translated into Spanish, French and Portuguese.
- 1983 The Development of the Family and Marriage in Europe (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press); translated into Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese. review:
- 1986 The Logic of Writing and the Organisation of Society (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press); translated into German, French, Italian, Polish, Portuguese.
- The Interface Between the Written and the Oral 1987 Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-33794-1
- 1990 The Oriental, the Ancient and the Primitive: Systems of Marriage and the Family in the Pre-Industrial Societies of Eurasia (Studies in Literacy, the Family, Culture and the State) Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-36761-1
- 1993 The Culture of Flowers (Cambridge); translated into French and Italian.
- (1995) The Expansive Moment: The Rise of Social Anthropology in Britain and Africa, 1918–1970 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press) review:
- 1996 The East in the West (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press); translated into French and Italian.
- 1997 Representations and Contradictions: Ambivalence towards Images, Theatre, Fictions, Relics and Sexuality (Oxford, Blackwell Publishers); translated into Spanish and French (Paris, La Découverte).
- 1998 Food and Love: A Cultural History of East and West (London, Verso). ISBN 1-85984-829-X
- 2000 The European Family: An Historico-anthropological Essay (Oxford, Blackwell Publishers).
- 2000 The Power of the Written Tradition (Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London)
- 2004 Islam in Europe Polity Press, Cambridge, 178pp. ISBN 0-7456-3193-2. review:
- 2004 Capitalism and Modernity: the Great Debate (Cambridge, Polity Press)); translated into Turkish. *2004 Comparative Studies In Kinship ISBN 0-415-33010-6
- 2006 The Theft of History Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-87069-0
- 2010 Renaissances: The One or the Many? (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
- 1956 Jack Goody A Comparative Approach to Incest and Adultery, British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Dec. 1956), pp. 286–305 doi:10.2307/586694 JSTOR 586694
- 1957 Fields of Social Control Among the LoDagaba The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 87, No. 1 (Jan. – Jun. 1957), pp. 75–104 doi:10.2307/2843972 JSTOR 2843972
- GOODY, J. 1959. The Mother's Brother and the Sister's Son in West Africa. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 89:61–88 response
- 1961 Jack Goody Religion and Ritual: The Definitional Problem The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Jun. 1961), pp. 142–164 doi:10.2307/586928 JSTOR 586928
- 1963 Jack Goody, Ian Watt The Consequences of Literacy Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Apr. 1963), pp. 304–345 JSTOR 177651
- 1969 Adoption in Cross-Cultural Perspective Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan. 1969), pp. 55–78 JSTOR 178288
- 1972 Taboo Words Man, New Series, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Mar. 1972), p. 137 JSTOR 2799863
- 1973 Goody, J. [Polygyny, economy and the role of women]. In J. Goody (Ed.), The character of kinship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973
- 1973 Inheritance, Property, and Marriage in Africa and Eurasia Sociology, Vol. 3, No. 1, 55–76 (1969) doi:10.1177/003803856900300104
- Goody, Jack (1973) Bridewealth and Dowry in Africa and Eurasia in Bridewealth and Dowry, ed. J. Goody and S. Tambiah. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
- Jack Goody, Joan Buckley Cross-Sex Patterns of Kin Behavior: A Comment Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, 185–202 (1974) doi:10.1177/106939717400900301
- 1977 Ethnology and/or Cultural Anthropology in Italy: Traditions and Developments [and Comments and Reply Vinigi Grottanelli, Giorgio Ausenda, Bernardo Bernardi, Ugo Bianchi, Y. Michal Bodemann, Jack Goody, Allison Jablonko, David I. Kertzer, Vittorio Lanternari, Antonio Marazzi, Roy A. Miller, Jr., Laura Laurencich Minelli, David M. Moss, Leonard W. Moss, H. R. H. Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark, Diana Pinto, Pietro Scotti, Tullio Tentori. Current Anthropology, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Dec. 1977), pp. 593–614 JSTOR 2741501
- 1989 Futures of the Family in Rural Africa Population and Development Review, Vol. 15, Supplement: Rural Development and Population: Institutions and Policy (1989), pp. 119–144 doi:10.2307/2807924 JSTOR 2807924
- 1991 Towards a Room with a View: A Personal Account of Contributions to Local Knowledge, Theory, and Research in Fieldwork and Comparative Studies Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 20, 1991, pp. 1–23 JSTOR 2155791
- 1992 Culture and its boundaries: a European view Social Anthropology 1 (1a),9–32. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8676.1992.tb00238.x
- 1994 Jack Goody, Cesare Poppi Flowers and Bones: Approaches to the Dead in Anglo-American and Italian Cemeteries Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Jan. 1994), pp. 146–175 JSTOR 179330
- 1996 Comparing Family Systems in Europe and Asia: Are There Different Sets of Rules? Population and Development Review: 22 (1).
- 1996 Cognitive contradictions and universals: creation and evolution in oral cultures Social Anthropology Volume 4 Issue 1 Page 1-16, February 1996. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8676.1996.tb00310.x
- 2002 The Anthropology of the Senses and Sensations La Ricerca Folklorica, No. 45, Antropologia delle sensazioni (Apr. 2002), pp. 17–28 doi:10.2307/1480153 JSTOR 1480153
- 2004 The folktale and cultural history Cahiers de littérature orale n. 56, pp. 53–66
- 2006 From misery to luxury Social Science Information, Vol. 45, No. 3, 341–348 doi:10.1177/0539018406066526
- 2006 Gordon Childe, the Urban Revolution, and the Haute Cuisine: An Anthropo-archaeological View of Modern History Comparative Studies in Society and History (2006), 48: 503–519 (Issue 03 – May 2006) Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0010417506000211
- "The Fellowship – Fellows Archive". British Academy. Archived from the original on 20 December 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2007.
- "Sir Jack Goody, social anthropologist - obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 29 March 1940. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Professor Sir Jack Goody: 1919 - 2015". St John's College, Cambridge. 17 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 15 January 1952. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Venn database of Cambridge University offices and officers Archived 14 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- The London Gazette: . 11 June 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- David R. Olson, ed. (2006). Technology, Literacy and the evolution of society: implications of the work of Jack Goody. Michael Cole. Mahwah, New Jersey – London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associated, Publishers.
- Hoebel, E. Adamson (1 January 1966). "Review of Death, Property and the Ancestors: A Study of the Mortuary Customs of the LoDagaa of West Africa". American Anthropologist. 68 (4): 1039–1040. JSTOR 670436.
- Hoebel, E. Adamson (1966). ": Death, Property and the Ancestors: A Study of the Mortuary Customs of the Lo Dagaa of West Africa . Jack Goody". American Anthropologist. 68 (4): 1039. doi:10.1525/aa.1966.68.4.02a00330.
- Keesing, Hilary (2012). "Death, Property, and the Ancestors: A Reconsideration of Goody's Concepts". Africa: Journal of the International African Institute. 40 (1): 40–49. doi:10.2307/1157567. JSTOR 1157567.
- Foster, Philip. "Review of Literacy in Traditional Societies". The School Review. 78 (4): 577–580. JSTOR 1084095.
- Goody, Jack (19 December 1975). "Literacy in Traditional Societies". Cambridge University Press.
- Grindal, Bruce (1 January 1975). "Review of The Myth of the Bagre". American Anthropologist. 77 (4): 952–952. JSTOR 674868.
- Call, Daniel F. Mc (1 January 1973). "Review of The Myth of the Bagre". The International Journal of African Historical Studies. 6 (4): 708–711. doi:10.2307/217243. JSTOR 217243.
- Grindal, Bruce (1975). ": The Myth of the Bagre . Jack Goody". American Anthropologist. 77 (4): 952. doi:10.1525/aa.1975.77.4.02a00830.
- Graburn, Nelson H. H. (1 January 1977). "Review of The Character of Kinship". American Journal of Sociology. 82 (5): 1156–1159. JSTOR 2777839.
- Graburn, Nelson H. H. (1976). ": The Character of Kinship . Jack Goody". American Anthropologist. 78 (2): 400. doi:10.1525/aa.1976.78.2.02a00740.
- Zaretsky, Eli (1 January 1985). Goody, Jack; Mitterauer, Michael; Sieder, Reinhard; Segalen, Martine, eds. "New Work on the History of the Family". Theory and Society. 14 (3): 371–379. JSTOR 657120.
- Moore, Sally Falk (1 January 1997). "Review of The Expansive Moment: The Rise of Social Anthropology in Britain and Africa, 1918-1970". American Ethnologist. 24 (1): 211–212. JSTOR 646577.
- Maroša, Petra (2005). "Islam in Europe". Journal of International Relations and Development. 8 (3): 311. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jird.1800049.
- List of publications from Microsoft Academic Search
- Other articles:
- Goody, Jack (1975). "Schools, education, and the social system: Some utopian suggestions". Interchange. 6 (4): 1–5. doi:10.1007/BF02145342.
- Goody, Jack (1970). "Sideways or Downwards? Lateral and Vertical Succession, Inheritance and Descent in Africa and Eurasia". Man. 5 (4): 627–638. doi:10.2307/2799107. JSTOR 2799107.
- "Recently Added Articles - Questia Online Research Library".
- Goody, Jack (1 January 1968). "Consensus and Dissent in Ghana". Political Science Quarterly. 83 (3): 337–352. doi:10.2307/2147503. JSTOR 2147503.
- Goody, Jack (1 January 1961). "The Classification of Double Descent Systems". Current Anthropology. 2 (1): 3–25. JSTOR 2739593.
- Goody, Jack. R. (2003). "Religion and Development: Some comparative considerations". Development. 46 (4): 64. doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1110492.
- Goody, Jack (1 January 1974). "Death and the Interpretation of Culture: A Bibliographic Overview". American Quarterly. 26 (5): 448–455. doi:10.2307/2711884. JSTOR 2711884.
- Goody, Jack (1 January 1963). "Feudalism in Africa?". The Journal of African History. 4 (1): 1–18. JSTOR 179609.
- Goody, Jack (1 January 2002). "Bitter icons and ethnic cleansing 1". History and Anthropology. 13 (1): 1–12. doi:10.1080/02757200290002851.
- Goody, Jack. "Writing, Religion and Revolt in Bahia". 20 (3): 318–43.
- MauriceBloch, by; DanSperber (17 July 2015). "Kinship and Evolved Psychological Dispositions". Current Anthropology. 43 (5): 723. doi:10.1086/341654.
- Goody, Jack. "Cousin Terms". Southwestern Journal of Anthropology. 26 (2): 125–142. JSTOR 3629307.
- Goody, Jack (1 January 1968). "The Myth of a State". The Journal of Modern African Studies. 6 (4): 461–473. JSTOR 159327.
- Goody, Jack (1 January 1973). "Evolution and Communication: The Domestication of the Savage Mind". The British Journal of Sociology. 24 (1): 1–12. doi:10.2307/588794. JSTOR 588794. PMID 4705137.
- Goody, Jack; Goody, Esther (1 January 1967). "The Circulation of Women and Children in Northern Ghana". Man. 2 (2): 226–248. doi:10.2307/2799489. JSTOR 2799489.
- Goody, Jack; Goody, Esther (1 January 1966). "Cross-Cousin Marriage in Northern Ghana". Man. 1 (3): 343–355. doi:10.2307/2796796. JSTOR 2796796.
- "No East nor West?". Economy and Society. 27 (1): 139–148. 1 February 1998. doi:10.1080/03085149800000007.
- Goody, Jack (1 May 2005). "Democracy, Values and Modes of Representation". Diogenes. 52 (2): 7–18. doi:10.1177/0392192105052611.
- Goody, Jack (1 November 2006). "HEIDEGGER, RORTY AND THE EASTERN THINKERS: A HERMENEUTICS OF CROSS-CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING. By WEI ZHANG. pp. 127. Albany, State University of New York Press, 2006". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 16 (3): 330–332. doi:10.1017/S1356186306326478.
- Buckley, Joan; Goody, Jack (1 February 1974). "Problems Involved in Sample Selection". Cross-Cultural Research. 9 (1): 21–22. doi:10.1177/106939717400900110.
- Maria Lúcia Pallares-Burke, interview with Jack Goody. Chapter 1 of The New History: Confessions and Conversations (Polity Press, 2002). ISBN 0-7456-3020-0
- Maurice Bloch, Dan Sperber (to Jack Goody)Kinship and evolved psychological dispositions: The Mother's Brother controversy reconsidered Current Anthropology. 2002. 43 (4) 723–748
- Interview of Jack Goody by Eric Hobsbawm 18 May 1991 (film)
- Jack Goody at "Pioneers of Qualitative Research" from the Economic and Social Data Service
|William Wyse Professor of Social Anthropology
University of Cambridge
1973 to 1984
Ernest André Gellner