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Jack Le Goff

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Jack Le Goff
Personal information
Born April 8, 1931
Alençon, Orne, France
Died July 24, 2009(2009-07-24) (aged 78)
Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, France

Louis Jean "Jack" Le Goff (April 8, 1931 in Alençon, Orne, France – July 24, 2009 in Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, France) was a French equestrian, best known as the coach of the American three-day eventing team from 1970 to 1984. He coached the team to multiple international championships, winning 18 international medals, including several in the Olympics. Le Goff is known for having a large impact on the American eventing world, and the era in which he coached has been called the golden era for American equestrianism.

Prior to becoming an American coach, Le Goff served in the French Army and competed in three-day eventing for France. He rode in the 1960 Summer Olympics, winning a team bronze medal, and the 1964 Summer Olympics, where he did not win a medal. He subsequently acted as the coach for the French national team, winning multiple regional and international medals. After retiring as the American coach, he acted as a consultant to the United States Equestrian Team (USET) for finding new riders, helped to coach the Canadian national team, and served as the director for the USET Training Center. He also served the Federation Equestre Internationale as an eventing judge, committee member and Olympic appeals judge.

Personal life and competitive career[edit]

Born in 1931, Le Goff's father was a French cavalry officer. Jack began riding early, and during his teenage years competed as a steeplechase jockey, as well as showing in dressage, showjumping, and eventing. At the age of seventeen, after the death of his father, Le Goff joined the French military and began riding for Cadre Noir, the national riding academy. After his training, he became a riding master at the school. He remained in this position for a decade.[1] As a French soldier he fought in the Algerian War after his appearance in the 1960 Olympic Games. Le Goff competed in two Olympic Games, in 1960 and 1964. In 1960, at the Roma Games, he finished sixth individually and helped the French team to a bronze medal. At the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, he finished twenty-third individually, while the French team came in eighth. He was also the French national eventing champion in 1956 and 1964.[2] In the US he had a long-time companion named Susan Smith, and at his death was survived by her, as well as five children, five grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.[3]

Coaching career[edit]

Following his return from Algeria and his competition in the 1964 Olympics, Le Goff became the coach for the French eventing team, remaining as such through the 1968 Summer Olympics. In this position he was the first civilian equestrian coach for the French national team, which had previously been under the control of the Army. During his tenure, French riders took gold medals at the 1968 Summer Olympics and the 1967 and 1968 European Junior Championships.[1]

After that Games, he moved to the United States and became the eventing coach for the American equestrian team. He coached the team through eight international championships, including the 1970 through the 1984 Olympics. His teams earned 18 international medals in all.[2] During his time as coach, Le Goff had complete control over the US eventing team, including the selection, training and pairing of horses and riders. He said that he was able to "identify the Team's event horses, blindfolded, merely by running his hands down their legs."[4] Although this power has since been taken away from the US eventing coach and a more objective selection system put in its place, Le Goff's abilities in this area took the US teams to numerous medals while he was coach.[4] In his position as American coach, USET historian Jennifer Bryant called him "one of the greatest coaches in three-day-eventing history",[5] as he built a multiple-medal-winning team from previously unknown horses and riders.[1]

After retiring as the American coach, he spent five years in Hamilton, Massachusetts as the Director of the United States Equestrian Team (USET) Training Center.[6] He also continued to work part-time in developing new riders for the American team, as well as taking a part-time job coaching the Canadian team for the 1992 Summer Olympics. He also served as a member of the Three-Day Event Committee for the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI), including serving as a three-day eventing judge with the rank of "O", meaning Official International.[7] He was an eventing judge at the 1994 World Equestrian Games, the 1996 Summer Olympics, and multiple European Championships.[6][8] At the 2000 Summer Olympics, he served as the chair of the FEI Three-Day Event Committee and as the eventing representative to the Appeal Committee, assisting with supervising equestrian competition at the Games.[9] After his retirement from coaching and judging, he moved between homes in Pennsylvania, Arizona, and France, until he died in France in 2009.[2]

Legacy[edit]

In 1983, Le Goff was named Horseman of the Year by the American Horse Shows Association (the predecessor to the United States Equestrian Federation).[6] In 1999, he was inducted into the United States Eventing Association's Hall of Fame,[10] followed by being named as one of the 50 most influential horsemen of the twentieth century by the equine magazine Chronicle of the Horse in 2002.[11] In 2009, after his death, the USET announced the creation of the Jack Le Goff Memorial Fund, to provide travel grants to United States riders competing at the FEI Eventing World Cup Final.[12]

Veteran US Olympic riders such as Michael Page and Mike Huber cite Le Goff as having a large impact on American eventing.[13] Another US Olympic rider, Michael Plumb, says of Le Goff: "He was a disciplinarian, he was very strict, and he coached the team. I think we miss his approach. He could ride any of the horses brought to the Team, whether it was dressage or steeplechase or cross-country."[14] The 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s are known as the US's "golden age of equestrian sports",[15] with Le Goff being named as a major player in the eventing arena.[15] Denny Emerson, another top US eventing rider, called Le Goff a "tactician, consensus builder, consummate horseman, outrageous flirt, teller of terrible jokes, promoter, master chef, father, fisherman, and probably that most defining persona of all, the quintessential French male bon vivant."[16]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bryant, pp. 115–116
  2. ^ a b c "Jack Le Goff". sports-reference.com. Retrieved 2011-11-12. 
  3. ^ "Obituary: Jack Le Goff". Times News, LLC. July 29, 2009. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  4. ^ a b Bryant, pp. 41–42
  5. ^ Bryant, p. 114
  6. ^ a b c "Equestrian Safety Program". Equestrian Medical Safety Association. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  7. ^ Bryant, p. 120
  8. ^ "Jack LeGoff". United States Eventing Association. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  9. ^ Bryant, p. 237
  10. ^ "Hall of Fame". United States Eventing Association. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  11. ^ Church, Stephanie L. (October 11, 2002). "Most Influential Horsemen Announced". The Horse. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  12. ^ Wood, Jennifer (July 31, 2009). "USET Foundation Announces Jack Le Goff Memorial Fund for Eventing Riders". United States Equestrian Team Foundation. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  13. ^ Strickland, Charlene (May 1, 2001). "The Educated Equestrian". The Horse. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  14. ^ Bryant, p. 127
  15. ^ a b Bryant, p. 155
  16. ^ Emerson, Denny (August 21, 2009). "Remembering Jack Le Goff". Chronicle of the Horse. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 

References[edit]

  • Bryant, Jennifer O. (2000). Olympic Equestrian:The Sports and the Stories from Stockholm to Sydney. The Blood-Horse, Inc. ISBN 1581500440.