Jack McAuliffe (brewer)

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Jack A. McAuliffe
Born John A. McAulilffe
1945 (age 72–73)
Caracas, Venezuela
Residence Arkansas
Nationality American
Occupation Brewer, engineer
Known for New Albion Brewing Company
Home town Fairfax, Virginia
Children Renee DeLuca

John R. "Jack" McAuliffe (born 1945) is an American brewer best known as the founder of the New Albion Brewing Company in Sonoma, California. McAuliffe started the brewery, considered the first American microbrewery in the modern era, in 1976.[1][2] As of 2013, he lives in Arkansas.[3]

Early life[edit]

McAuliffe was born on May 11, 1945 Caracas, Venezuela. His father, John McAuliffe, intercepted and translated German documents for the FBI .[4] At the conclusion of World War II, John McAuliffe was reassigned to a position with the United States Department of State in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, and then later in Medellín, Colombia. When Jack was in third grade, the family moved again to Fairfax, Virginia, after his father began working at American University.[5]

As a teenager, McAuliffe became interested in welding, and worked as a volunteer with a local welder.[6] He attended college for a year, but opted in 1964 to enlist in the United States Navy. He served on the USS Simon Lake in Dunoon, Scotland, working as a technician on maintenance of Polaris-class submarines.[7] In Scotland, McAuliffe was impressed by the taste of local beers.[1] In his cottage in Dunoon, he began homebrewing with equipment and a copy of Dave Line's The Big Book of Brewing purchased from a local hardware store. Eventually, he began sharing his beer with his fellow Naval personnel as well as Scottish locals.[8] McAuliffe returned to the United States in 1968. He attended college on the GI Bill[2] and graduated in 1971, initially working as an optical engineer in Sunnyvale, California.[9]

Brewing career[edit]

In 1975, McAuliffe found a rental property outside of Sonoma, California, and quit his job in order to start a brewery there. With about $5000, he renovated the old warehouse and constructed brewing equipment such as a malt bin and a bottling apparatus.[10]

In October 1976, McAuliffe founded the New Albion Brewing Company with business partners Suzy Stern and Jane Zimmerman.[1] The brewery was named in honor of the Albion Brewing Company, a San Francisco brewery from the turn of the century. New Albion was also a name given by Sir Francis Drake to an English claim on the Pacific Coast thought to be in modern Northern California.[10] Eventually, McAuliffe sought a larger location for the company. Along with Fritz Maytag, then owner of Anchor Brewing Company in San Francisco, he lobbied California assemblyman Tom Bates,[11] in the creation of California Assembly Bill 3610, which allowed the creation of establishments that created and served alcohol on premises, such as brewpubs. The bill went into effect in 1983, although New Albion went out of business the year before.[12] (Prior legislation signed by Jerry Brown allowed "certain amounts" of such sales, but this legal ambiguity was addressed with the Bates bill.)[13]

Although New Albion only existed for about six years, its beers impressed various people who would go on to found their own breweries. When the Mendocino Brewing Company was founded in 1983, it bought New Albion's brewing equipment and hired McAuliffe to work as a brewmaster.[14] He did not stay long at Mendocino, however, and did not continue working in brewing,[15] returning to work as an engineer.[3]

Legacy[edit]

McAuliffe's influence on the American homebrewing and microbrewing movements in the United States is extensive. His work at New Albion inspired people such as Gordon Bowker of Redhook Ale Brewery,[16] Jim Koch of the Boston Beer Company,[17] Ken Grossman of Sierra Nevada Brewing Company, and homebrewer Charlie Papazian.[15] Both Sierra Nevada[18] and Boston Beer have created limited-edition beers honoring New Albion and McAuliffe's contributions to the craft brewing movement.[19] Koch is donating the profits from Boston Beer's New Albion products to McAuliffe, who in turn plans to give them to his daughter Renee DeLuca, who plans to create New Albion anew in Cleveland.[3]

Nevertheless, beer writer Tom Acitelli has declared McAuliffe a "J.D. Salinger-like figure" due to his reclusive nature.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ogle, p. 291
  2. ^ a b Acitelli (2011)
  3. ^ a b c Armon
  4. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 12
  5. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 13
  6. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 15
  7. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 11
  8. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 15–16
  9. ^ Ogle, p. 292
  10. ^ a b Ogle, p. 293
  11. ^ Richards
  12. ^ Ogle, p. 297–298
  13. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 98
  14. ^ Ogle, p. 307
  15. ^ a b Acitelli (2013), p. 334
  16. ^ Krebs, p. 41
  17. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 336
  18. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 335
  19. ^ Dzen
  20. ^ Acitelli (2013), p. 277

Bibliography[edit]