|Birth name||John Vivian McVea|
November 5, 1914|
Los Angeles, California, United States
|Died||December 27, 2000
Los Angeles, California, United States
|Genres||Swing, rhythm and blues, Dixieland|
John Vivian "Jack" McVea (November 5, 1914 – December 27, 2000) was an African American swing, blues, and rhythm and blues woodwind player and bandleader. He played clarinet and tenor and baritone saxophone.
Born in Los Angeles, California, his father was the noted banjoist Satchel McVea, and banjo was Jack McVea's first instrument. He played jazz in Los Angeles for several years, and joined Lionel Hampton's orchestra in 1940. From 1944 on he mostly worked as a leader. He performed at the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concert in 1944.
McVea was leader of the Black & White Records studio band and was responsible for coming up with the musical riff for the words "Open the Door, Richard". Ralph Bass persuaded him to record it in 1946 and it became immensely popular, entering the national charts the following year, and was recorded by many other artists.
From 1966 until his retirement in 1992, he led the Royal Street Bachelors, a group that played Dixieland jazz in New Orleans Square at Disneyland. The trio consisted of McVea on clarinet, Herman Mitchell on banjo, and Ernie McLean on guitar and banjo. According to McVea, he was not much of a clarinetist but learned overnight to play three songs to secure the job.
He is also known for his playing on T-Bone Walker's "Call It Stormy Monday (But Tuesday Is Just As Bad)". In 1945 he played tenor sax in a recording session for Slim Gaillard with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.
McVea died at home in Los Angeles in 2000.
- As leader/co-leader
Most of Jack McVea's recordings are available on Blue Moon Records in Barcelona, Spain; Ace Records in London, England; and Delmark Records in Chicago. All are available in the U.S. Blue Moon covers the Black & White years (including "Open the Door, Richard"), Delmark covers his sessions on Apollo Records, and Ace covers his four years with Combo Records. Ace's Fortissimo! CD contains several alternate takes.
- Open The Door, Richard [rec. 1945–1947] (Jukebox Lil #607, 1984)
- Two Timin' Baby [rec. 1944–1947] (Jukebox Lil #612, 1986)
- New Deal [rec. 1944–1948] (Jukebox Lil #625, 1988)
- The Complete Recordings, Vol. 1 (1944–1945) (Blue Moon #6031, 2002)
- The Complete Recordings, Vol. 2 (1945–1946) (Blue Moon #6032, 2002)
- The Complete Recordings, Vol. 3 (1946–1947) (Blue Moon #6033, 2002)
- The Complete Recordings, Vol. 4 (1947–1952) (Blue Moon #6034, 2002)
- McVoutie's Central Avenue Blues [McVea's 1945 Apollo recordings] (Delmark #756, 2002)
- Honk! Honk! Honk! [contains 9 of McVea's Combo recordings from 1954–1957] (Ace #781, 2000)
- Fortissimo! The Combo Recordings (1954-1957) (Ace #1246, 2010)
- Rarely Was Honkin' Sax So Much Fun: Jack McVea with Alton Redd and George Vann (JSP #77159, 2012) 4-CD set
- As sideman
- With B.B. King
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 409. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- "Jack McVea; Big Song Hit Was 'Open the Door Richard'". Los Angeles Times. January 5, 2001. Obituaries. Retrieved 2015-03-04.
- Smith, RJ (2004). "Richard Speaks! Chasing a Tune from the Chitlin Circuit to the Mormon Tabernacle". In Eric Weisbard. This is Pop. Harvard University Press. pp. 75–84. ISBN 978-0-674-01321-6.
- Shaw, Arnold (1978). Honkers and Shouters. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. p. 226. ISBN 0-02-061740-2.
- "Jack McVea, founding member of Disneyland's Royal Street Bachelors, retires after 25 years" (Press release). Disneyland PR. June 18, 1992. Retrieved 2015-03-04 – via The Free Library.
- Koch, Lawrence O. (1988). Yardbird Suite: A Compendium of the Music and Life of Charlie Parker. Popular Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-87972-260-9.
- "Jack McVea", obituary in The Guardian