Jack Pizzey

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The Honourable
Jack Pizzey
Jack Pizzey.jpg
29th Premier of Queensland
In office
17 January 1968 – 31 July 1968
Deputy Gordon Chalk
Preceded by Frank Nicklin
Succeeded by Gordon Chalk
Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly
for Isis
In office
29 April 1950 – 31 July 1968
Preceded by William Brand
Succeeded by Jim Blake
Personal details
Born Jack Charles Allan Pizzey
(1911-02-02)2 February 1911
Childers, Queensland, Australia
Died 31 July 1968(1968-07-31) (aged 57)
Chermside, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party Country Party
Spouse(s) Mabel Audrey Kingston
Children John Pizzey, Judy Sale
Alma mater University of Queensland
Occupation Teacher
Military service
Allegiance Australia
Service/branch Australian Imperial Force
Years of service 1940–1945
Rank Captain
Unit 5th Field Regiment

Jack Charles Allan Pizzey (2 February 1911 – 31 July 1968) was a Queensland Country Party politician. He was Premier of Queensland, in a coalition with the Liberal Party, from 17 January 1968 until his death on 31 July that year.

Early life and sporting career[edit]

Pizzey was born in Childers, Queensland in 1911 to John Thomas Pizzey and his second wife Ellen Elliott, née Brand. He was educated at Childers State School, Maryborough Central Boys' School, and Bundaberg High School. He was a student teacher at Bundaberg South State School in 1927, and taught at the Childers State School (from 1932) and Leichhardt Street State School (from 1935).[1]

Involved in tennis and rugby union as a youth, Pizzey excelled in cricket and was selected for the Queensland Colts cricket team in 1929. In 1931, he was selected to represent Queensland in the Sheffield Shield against Victoria, but the match was cancelled due to rain and Pizzey was unable to represent the state.[1]

Military career[edit]

On 15 July 1940, Pizzey was mobilised in the Citizens Military Force militia reserve unit as a gunner. Reaching the rank of Captain, he transferred to the Second Australian Imperial Force where he served during World War II in Australia as a quartermaster in the 5th Field Regiment until his discharge on 25 January 1945.[1][2] As he was stationed in Australia, Pizzey continued his education, studying a Bachelor of Arts (1942) at the University of Queensland.

Political career[edit]

Following his discharge from the AIF, Pizzey returned to teaching, and by 1946 was involved in administration at the Queensland Board of Adult Education. He resigned from the Department of Public Instruction in 1949 and became involved in representing the interests of sugar cane farmers as manager of the Childers Cane Farmers' Co-Operative and secretary to the Isis District Cane Growers' Executive. This representative role encouraged Pizzey to run for parliament, and in 1950 he won the safe Country Party seat of Isis in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland.

In 1957, a split in the Labor Party's Queensland branch brought down the Labor government, forcing an election. The Country-Liberal Party Coalition won a sweeping victory, its first in 22 years.[1] With his educational background, Pizzey was appointed Minister for Education in Frank Nicklin's cabinet, and retained this job for more than a decade.[3] He was also deputy leader of the Country Party, but he took other concurrent roles also: he held the portfolios of migration (1960–68), Aboriginal and Islander affairs (1962–68) and police (1962–68). As education minister, Pizzey presided over a period of unprecedented growth, particularly in secondary education, and played a key role in establishing Queensland's second university, James Cook University in Townsville in 1961. He was praised for his focus on secondary schooling, although his sweeping intervention in education matters was considered to have led to Brisbane's first teachers' strike in 1968.[1]

Nicklin retired as Premier and party leader on 17 January 1968, and Pizzey succeeded him in both posts. Just over six months after his appointment, Pizzey died suddenly, in Brisbane, of a myocardial infarction. He was accorded a State funeral and cremated.[1]

Pizzey was succeeded as premier for a week by the Leader of the Liberal Party and Deputy Premier, Gordon Chalk, until the Country Party chose its new leader, Joh Bjelke-Petersen.[1]

Jack Pizzey Cup[edit]

The Jack Pizzey Cup was donated by Pizzey in 1963 when he was Education Minister as a prize for a national schools championship tennis competition, replacing the Bruce Cup established in 1938 which then become a primary school competition prize. Although the Jack Pizzey Cup was intended to be a national competition, it was only contested between Queensland and New South Wales until 1978 when it was played in conjunction with the Federation Cup in Melbourne and become a national competition.[4][5] As at 2018, the Pizzey Cup continues to be the national schools championship competition.[6]

Legacy[edit]

Pizzey is commemorated by the Pizzey Memorial Clock in Childers.[7]

He is also commemorated by the Pizzey Park Sporting Complex which was established on a 26 hectares (64 acres) site in 1969 on the Gold Coast.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Paul D. Williams, 'Pizzey, Jack Charles Allan (1911–1968)' Archived 14 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 16, Melbourne University Press, 2002, pp 9–10.
  2. ^ Pizzey, Jack Charles Allan Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., World War Two Nominal Roll, Australian Army.
  3. ^ Jack C.A. Pizzey, Minister for Education (1957–1968) Archived 29 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Government of Queensland.
  4. ^ "History of the Jack Pizzey Cup (printed copy)". Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
  5. ^ "Canberra tennis team in Melbourne tourney". The Canberra Times. 53, (15,738). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 24 October 1978. p. 24. Retrieved 24 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia. 
  6. ^ "SSA 18 Years and Under (Pizzey Cup / Individual Events)". School Sport Australia. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
  7. ^ "Jack Pizzey | Monument Australia". monumentaustralia.org.au. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  8. ^ Plaque at the entrance of Pizzey Park. 28°03′39″S 153°25′47″E / 28.0607°S 153.4297°E / -28.0607; 153.4297 (Pizzey Park Sporting Complex plaque): Gold Coast City Council. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Frank Nicklin
Premier of Queensland
1968
Succeeded by
Gordon Chalk
Preceded by
William Brand
Member for Isis
1950–1968
Succeeded by
Jim Blake