Jack Reacher (book series)
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Jack Reacher is a fictional protagonist of a series of novels, novellas and short stories by British author Lee Child. A former major in the United States Army Military Police Corps, Reacher roams the United States taking odd jobs and investigating suspicious and frequently dangerous situations. The Reacher novels are written either in the first-person or third-person. The schedule for the Reacher series, previously one-per-year, was increased in 2010 with the release of both 61 Hours and Worth Dying For. Most of the novels are set in the United States, in locales ranging from major metropolitan areas like New York City and Los Angeles to small towns in the Midwestern and Southern United States. To date, Reacher's travels outside the US have taken him to rural England (The Hard Way), London (Personal), Hamburg (Night School) and Paris, France, where Reacher and his brother visit their dead mother's grave.
- 1 Novel series
- 2 Short stories and novellas
- 2.1 "Second Son"
- 2.2 "Deep Down"
- 2.3 "Guy Walks into a Bar"
- 2.4 "James Penney's New Identity"
- 2.5 "High Heat"
- 2.6 "Everyone Talks"
- 2.7 "Not a Drill"
- 2.8 "Good and Valuable Consideration"
- 2.9 "Small Wars"
- 2.10 "The Picture of the Lonely Diner"
- 2.11 "No Middle Name" - The Complete Collected Short Stories
- 3 Other authors' works
- 4 In-story chronology
- 5 Reception
- 6 In other media
- 7 References
|Series no.||Title||ISBN||Date of publication||1st/3rd person||Summary|
|1||Killing Floor||0-515-12344-7||March 1997||1st||Jack Reacher gets off a Greyhound bus in the fictional town of Margrave, Georgia, because he remembers his brother mentioning that a blues musician named Blind Blake died there. Much to his surprise, shortly after his arrival, he is arrested in a local diner for murder. He must try to prove his innocence.
- Though the first published novel, it is the fourth one in terms of the in-story chronology.
|2||Die Trying||0-399-14379-3||July 1998||3rd||Just as Reacher helps Holly Johnson, an attractive young woman struggling with her crutches on a Chicago street, they are both kidnapped at gunpoint. Reacher and the woman are thrown into a dark van and taken 2,000 miles across America, completely unaware why they were kidnapped and where they are going. Finding themselves trapped in a seemingly remote place, they must work together to find the answers.|
|3||Tripwire||0-515-14307-3||July 1999||3rd||Reacher is in Key West, digging pools by hand and moonlighting as a bouncer for a topless bar. He discovers the body of a New York investigator hired by "Mrs. Jacob" to find him. He finds out that she is attorney Jodie Garber, daughter of General Leon Garber, Reacher's recently-deceased mentor and surrogate father in the Army. She wants his help investigating her father's last project, a search on behalf of the elderly parents of their military MIA son. Having inherited a house and gained a steady girlfriend, Reacher contemplates a sedentary life as he and Jodie find themselves hunted by a psychopath businessman and military criminal crippled in the Vietnam War, who has a shadowy business and other secrets to protect.|
|4||The Visitor (UK)
Running Blind (US)
|978-0-515-14350-8||April 2000||3rd||Two women are found dead in their own homes—in baths filled with Army-issue camouflage paint, their bodies completely unmarked. Jack Reacher knew them, and he knows that they both left the Army under dubious circumstances, both victims of sexual harassment. Reacher is under suspicion and arrested; as a former US military policeman, a loner and a drifter, he matches the psychological criminal profile prepared by FBI Special Agent Julia Lamarr. When another woman is killed the same way while Reacher is under surveillance, he is released but pressured into helping the murder investigation. He has to find out what they have in common and why someone would kill more.|
|5||Echo Burning||0-515-13331-0||April 2001||3rd||Reacher hitches a ride in Texas. Carmen, the driver, is a mother of a young girl trapped in an abusive marriage and requests Reacher's help. After some deliberation Reacher consents. However, at her remote ranch in Echo County Reacher encounters lies, prejudice and hatred climaxing in Carmen being arrested for the murder of her husband. With Carmen's true motives cast into doubt, Reacher finds himself investigating the truth.|
|6||Without Fail||978-0-515-14431-4||April 2002||3rd||Reacher arrives in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and is intercepted by Mary Ellen (M. E.) Froelich, a beautiful Secret Service agent. She has a special request: that Reacher tell her the various ways, were he an actual assassin, in which he could kill the Vice-President; being made aware of any such methods would help her considerably in tightening her security detail in order to protect the Vice-President's life. He accepts the challenge, enlisting old colleague Frances Neagley to help carry out the mission. Suspicious and threatening letters have been sent to the Vice-President and intercepted by his protective team. Together, they attempt to find those responsible.|
|7||Persuader||978-0-440-24598-8||April 2003||1st||Walking along the street, Reacher sees Quinn, a man who should be dead: dead as he was responsible for the murder of two of Reacher's colleagues ten years back. Now a chance encounter outside Boston's Symphony Hall shows Reacher that Francis Xavier Quinn got away with murder. Reacher teams up with the DEA to penetrate a smuggling ring in order to get back at Quinn.|
|8||The Enemy||0-553-81585-7||April 2004||1st||In-story, this novel is set first chronologically. On New Year's Day, 1990, in a North Carolina motel, a two-star general is found dead, suspected to have suffered a heart attack while engaging in coitus with a prostitute. Within minutes, Reacher is ordered to contain the situation to prevent embarrassment to the US Army. But matters escalate when Reacher discovers the general's briefcase is missing and is tasked with recovering an important agenda present in it.|
|9||One Shot||0-385-33668-3||April 2005||3rd||In an innocent heartland city, five murders with six shots are done by an expert sniper. The police quickly identify and arrest a suspect, and build a slam-dunk case with iron-clad evidence. But the accused man claims he's innocent and says "Get Jack Reacher." Reacher himself sees the news report and turns up in the city. The defense is immensely relieved; but Reacher has come to bury the guy. Shocked by the request of the accused, Reacher sets out to confirm for himself the absolute certainty of the man's guilt, but comes up with more than he bargained for.|
|10||The Hard Way||0-385-33669-1||May 2006||3rd||After witnessing an exchange of $1,000,000. Jack Reacher is hired by the underhanded director of a private military company to rescue his wife and stepchild, who appear to have been kidnapped. Reacher, enlisting the help of an ex-FBI private investigator -uncovers clues that might lead to a rescue, learning about the director's mysterious past in the process. The investigation leads him to the truth, and ultimately engage in a gun battle on a farm in Norfolk, England. The novel is set primarily in New York City.|
|11||Bad Luck and Trouble||0-385-34055-9||April 2007||3rd||When someone makes a small anonymous deposit into Reacher's bank account, it triggers his fixation for math and his investigative instincts. Reacher deduces that the deposit is a signal only the eight former members of his elite team of army investigators would use. Obsessed with math like Reacher, Frances Neagley locates him because of the brutal death of one of their own. They race to reunite with the survivors of their old team and raise the living, bury the dead, and connect the dots in a mystery that grows more complex with more murders. With the lives of those Reacher considers family at stake, his usual emotionless demeanor breaks and he says of the killers, "They are dead men walking." The team falls into their old roles and routines with ease, their motto still their sacred rule: You do not mess with the Special Investigators.|
|12||Nothing to Lose||978-059-305702-5||March 2008||3rd||Traveling from the town of Hope, Colorado to the neighboring town of Despair, Reacher finds that he is an unwelcome visitor, which fuels his curiosity. Reacher decides to investigate the mystery behind the town's unwelcoming disposition towards visitors, unraveling in the process the secrets of Thurman, a powerful businessman who has employed the majority of the population of Despair to work in his recycling factory.|
|13||Gone Tomorrow||978-0-440-24368-7||April 2009||1st||During a late night subway ride, Reacher becomes troubled by one of his fellow passengers. Checking against his mental list for suicide bombers, he comes to the conclusion that the fifth is one. He is puzzled with her choice of timing and place, as it is not crowded; on the contrary the subway was exceedingly empty. He reasons with her, but she shoots herself; thereby proving Reacher wrong when he concluded she was a bomber. His determination to discover why she killed herself forms the plot of the story.|
|14||61 Hours||978-0-440-24369-4||March 2010||3rd||In South Dakota, a tourist bus crashes during a savage snow storm with Jack Reacher in it. Reacher gets caught up in a hunt for a murderer and the protection of a key witness.|
|15||Worth Dying For||978-0-385-34431-9||September 2010||3rd||Reacher arrives late one night in a rural Nebraska town. In the town's fading motel bar he overhears a drunk doctor's refusal to attend a victim of domestic abuse. Reacher intervenes, getting the doctor to attend to the victim while breaking the nose of the husband responsible for the abuse. It turns out that the husband is the scion of the powerful and rich Duncan clan, which maintains authority in that part of Nebraska. Reacher's intervention causes him to end up embroiled in a smuggling ring and an unsolved disappearance from twenty-five years prior.|
|16||The Affair||978-0-440-24630-5||27 September 2011||1st||March 1997. Six months before the events of Killing Floor. Jack Reacher is still in the army, and there is big trouble in a small town in Mississippi, where a soldier's girlfriend is found with her throat cut from ear to ear. Reacher must determine whether the killer is local, or from nearby Fort Kelham, a large base used by elite Army Rangers. Reacher's orders are to go undercover, keep his distance, and monitor the investigation. The army's official investigation and Reacher's undercover search point to different suspects, which puts pressure on Reacher, who must decide whether to speak out.
This is the third novel chronologically.
|17||A Wanted Man||978-0-440-24631-2||11 September 2012||3rd||In order to get to Virginia, Reacher hitches a ride from a group of three—two men and a woman. An hour behind them, the FBI descends on an old pumping station where a man was stabbed to death—the knife work professional, the killers nowhere to be seen. At the same time Reacher discovers the woman appears to be kidnapped and that the two men are the kidnappers. Reacher now finds himself tied to a volatile situation and it is up to him to try and defuse it.|
|18||Never Go Back||978-0-593-06574-7||3 September 2013||3rd||Culminating the story arc extending from 61 Hours, Reacher makes it to his destination in northeastern Virginia: the headquarters of his old unit, the 110th MP. On arriving though, Reacher finds out that the new commanding officer, Major Susan Turner, has been arrested. Soon he too finds himself taken into custody, pending the trail of two crimes he allegedly committed while he was in the army. Reacher and Turner set out on a journey; Turner in hopes of clearing her name and Reacher to prove the charges fraudulent or if true then atone for them.
This novel was adapted for the screen in 2016 as Jack Reacher: Never Go Back, with Tom Cruise reprising the title role.
|19||Personal||978-0-5930-7382-7||28 August 2014||1st||Reacher is tasked with finding out the person responsible for taking a long distance shot at the French President, one of the suspects being a man Reacher tracked down once and put in jail sixteen years back for murder.|
|20||Make Me||978-0-8041-7877-8||8 September 2015||3rd||Reacher makes a stop in an agrarian town called Mother's Rest. There a woman, Michelle Chang, enlists his help to find a missing colleague.|
|21||Night School||0804178801||8 November 2016||3rd||Early 1996 finds Reacher, still in the army and fresh off a successful mission, placed into a top-secret multi-agency task force. A CIA informant in a Jihadist sleeper cell in Hamburg, Germany, has relayed the message "The American wants a hundred million dollars". With little else to go on, Reacher and his new associates are tasked with finding the buyer and the seller and determining what is being sold. Along with his longtime righthand-woman Sergeant Frances Neagley, Reacher heads to recently reunified Germany to get to the heart of the matter, and he quickly finds himself skirting neo-Nazi elements as he pursues the Middle-Eastern terrorists and the American traitor.
This is the second novel chronologically.
|22||The Midnight Line||978-0-3995-9348-2||7 November 2017||3rd||This story follows the novella "Too Much Time" that is included in the collection of short stories in No Middle Name Released in May 2017.|
|23||Past Tense||November 2018|
Short stories and novellas
Reacher has also appeared in several short stories by Child. "Second Son," "Deep Down" and "Not a Drill" were all released originally for the Amazon Kindle although "Second Son" was later included in the American & Canadian paperback and Kindle editions of The Affair, and "Deep Down" with the American & Canadian paperback and Kindle editions of A Wanted Man. "High Heat" with the American paperback and Kindle editions of Never Go Back, "Everyone Talks" with the UK edition of Never Go Back, and "Not a Drill" with the American paperback of Personal.
"Second Son" is a snapshot of the life of Reacher and his family circa 1974, while they are stationed on a military base in Okinawa. Upon arriving they immediately get into deep trouble that is compounded by some bad news. The action is interspersed with contemplative moments, such as when 13-year-old Jack's grandfather, a prosthetic-limb maker and World War I veteran in Paris, recounts that "… a great war leaves a country with three armies: an army of cripples, an army of mourners, and an army of thieves."
In 1986, summoned by military intelligence to Washington, DC, Reacher is sent undercover. The assignment that awaits him: the army is meeting with its Capitol Hill paymasters for classified talks on a new, state-of-the-art sniper rifle for US forces. But vital details about the weapon are leaking from someone at the top of the federal government and probably into the hands of unidentified foreign arms dealers. The prospect of any and every terrorist, mercenary, or dictator's militia getting their hands on the latest superior firepower is unthinkable. Reacher is tasked with infiltrating the top-secret proceedings and revealing the traitor. He targets a quartet of high-powered Army political liaison officers—all of them fast-track women on their way to the top. According to his bosses, it's a zero-danger mission, but Reacher knows that things are rarely what they seem.
"Guy Walks into a Bar"
The story is set in the moments before the beginning of the novel Gone Tomorrow. Reacher, while at a blues music club, observes what he believes to be the beginning of a kidnapping as part of a Russian mafia dispute. This story was published in The New York Times on 6 June 2009.
"James Penney's New Identity"
The story features Reacher, still in the Army as a captain, helping James Penney, a Vietnam War veteran who has recently been made redundant at work and had his car stolen. When Penney unknowingly becomes a fugitive (after he accidentally burns down two neighbours' houses in the course of deliberately burning down his own in an act of frustration after being fired), Reacher helps Penney obtain a new identity so he can start a new life. The story has appeared in Fresh Blood 3 (1999), an anthology of mystery short stories edited by Mike Ripley and Maxim Jakubowski, and in Thriller (2006), a short story anthology of thrillers written by International Thrillers, Inc. members and edited by James Patterson.
This novella, published in 2013, opens on 13 July 1977 with an almost seventeen year old Reacher stopping by in New York in the middle of a heat wave to visit his brother at West Point when he encounters a woman (Jill Hemingway) being assaulted by a man. He drives off the man after a small scuffle, only to learn that the man is Croselli, one of the mob bosses of New York City. Croselli had slapped Hemingway for wearing a wire tape, and from this he deduced that Hemingway was an FBI agent. Hemingway warns him to leave the city before midnight or else Croselli would have his men kill him. They then part ways.
Reacher then meets a brunette, Chrissie at a coffee shop and they agree to go CBGB together using Chrissie's car. Inside the club they find Hemingway along with one of Croselli's henchmen, who promptly calls his boss on seeing Reacher. Meanwhile, Reacher gets to know that Jill Hemingway had been suspended from the FBI, pending review as part of the deal cut by Croselli with the FBI and that she was planning to bring him down. Reacher takes care of the henchman, just before a power outage strikes, before making his escape with Chrissie.
Chrissie and Reacher then make out in her car, when they encounter the Son of Sam, a serial killer who killed couples making out in cars. Son of Sam couldn't see Chrissie and leaves, but not before Reacher gets a good look at his posture and mannerisms.
Reacher and Chrissie then meet Hemingway outside Croselli's hideout. Hemingway informs Reacher that due to the outage, Croselli's men were out protecting various businesses that paid him money, from looters and plunderers, leaving Croselli alone in his warren. Chrissie and Reacher part ways and then Reacher breaks into the hideout to take care of Croselli but not before he gets him to profess his various crimes on tape. Reacher leaves Croselli tied to a chair with the tape at his feet and Hemingway calls in the FBI.
Hemingway also makes a call to the New York Police Department about the Son of Sam based on the description given to her by Reacher. They then go to a motel where Jill dies of a myocardial infarction. Reacher leaves the motel after informing the police of her death.
The story ends with the Son of Sam being apprehended 28 days after the outage, based on Reacher's description.
This story was initially released exclusively in the eBook format.
A short story published as part of the UK hardback edition of Never Go Back, the story is told from the perspective of a female detective investigating an alleged shooting. Reacher, while in hospital, relates the events prior to the story beginning. This was also included in the June–July 2012 Esquire magazine. This story was also included as a small book with the Blu ray release of the movie Jack Reacher Never go Back, released February 2017 in the US. the book is 5.5 X 6.75 inches, 10 pages, a few illustrations, some color, some black and white.
"Not a Drill"
Hitchhiking in Maine near the Canada–US border, Reacher is picked up by a trio of Canadians who claim to be outdoor enthusiasts. At the end of the road trip, Reacher parts ways with his companions and finds himself near a hiking trail sealed off by the US Army under mysterious circumstances. Reacher subsequently investigates the closure of the trail when one of the Canadians returns to seek his help.
"Good and Valuable Consideration"
This short story, co written by Lee Child and Joseph Finder, opens with Jack Reacher encountering two men, Nick Heller, a private spy and Jerry DeLong, a forensic accountant. Reacher and Heller soon find out that the chief enforcer for the Albanian mafia in Boston, Alex Dushku (also known as "Allie Boy"), will soon arrive to meet DeLong whom he is coercing into giving one of his enterprises a clean chit in a purported audit to be conducted by DeLong. Outside the bar, Reacher and Heller beat Dushku unconscious and steal his bribe money, which they then split between themselves before parting ways. DeLong, not having received the bribe money, is no longer under contractual obligation to carry out the subterfuge.
This story is set in 1989, when Jack Reacher is serving as an officer in the military police. A young lieutenant colonel in a stylish handmade uniform roars through the damp woods of Georgia in her new silver Porsche, until she meets a very tall soldier with a broken-down car.
"The Picture of the Lonely Diner"
This story takes place in Manhattan's Flatiron District. Jack Reacher has an unusual encounter in a diner reminiscent of the Edward Hopper painting "Nighthawks". It was part of the Mystery Writers' Guild anthology Manhattan Mayhem edited by Mary Higgins Clark.
"No Middle Name" - The Complete Collected Short Stories
This anthology includes a novella, "Too Much Time", and the short stories"Deep Down", "Everyone Talks", "Guy Walks into a Bar", "High Heat", "James Penney’s New Identity" (the original version which is longer), "Maybe They Have a Tradition", "No Room at the Motel", "Not a Drill", "Second Son", "Small Wars", and "The Picture of the Lonely Diner".
- Reacher is mentioned several times in the Stephen King novel Under the Dome, where he is described by the character Colonel Cox as "the toughest goddam Army cop that ever served, in my humble opinion." Lee Child's endorsement of Under the Dome appears on the cover of at least one edition of the book.
- Reacher is referred to in the Hunt for Reacher series of novels and short stories by Diane Capri, but is never explicitly seen. Capri has said in an interview that the series was inspired by her wondering "What's [Reacher] doing between books?"
- In the introduction to the short story "Good and Valuable Consideration," it is mentioned that while creating his 'Nick Heller' series character, Joseph Finder borrowed many cues from the Jack Reacher series. The story is anthologized in the collection FaceOff, which pairs signature protagonists from two authors in co-written stories.
- "Second Son" (short story, 2011)
- "High Heat" (novella, 2013)
- "Deep Down" (short story, 2012)
- "Small Wars" (short story, 2015)
- The Enemy (2004)
- "James Penney's New Identity" (1999 edited 2006)
- Night School (2016)
- The Affair (2011)
- Killing Floor (1997)
- Die Trying (1998)
- Tripwire (1999)
- The Visitor - aka Running Blind (2000)
- Echo Burning (2001)
- Without Fail (2002)
- Persuader (2003)
- One Shot (2005)
- The Hard Way (2006)
- Bad Luck and Trouble (2007)
- Nothing to Lose (2008)
- "Guy Walks into a Bar..." (2009)
- Gone Tomorrow (2009)
- 61 Hours (2010)
- Worth Dying For (2010)
- "Knowing you're Alive" (with Dr. Morgan Snow) (2011)
- A Wanted Man (2012)
- "Everyone Talks" (2013)
- Never Go Back (2013)
- "Not a Drill" (2014)
- Personal (2014)
- "Good and Valuable Consideration" (with Nick Heller) (2014) 
- "No Room at the Motel" (2014)
- "The Picture of the Lonely Diner" (2015)
- Make Me (2015)
- "Maybe they Have a Tradition" (2016)
- "Faking a Murderer" (with Temperance Brennan) (2017)
- "Too Much Time" (2017)
- The Midnight Line (2017)
- "The Christmas Scorpion" (2017)
- Past Tense (5 November 2018)
The series has sold over 60 million copies.
In other media
Paramount Pictures hired Academy Award nominated screenwriter Josh Olson to adapt One Shot, under the title Jack Reacher. Christopher McQuarrie, Oscar-winning screenwriter for The Usual Suspects was then brought in to re-write Olson's draft. It was announced in July 2011 that Tom Cruise - a 5'7" tall actor - would play Reacher, who is 6'5" tall in the books. Lee Child was quoted as saying, "Reacher's size in the books is a metaphor for an unstoppable force, which Cruise portrays in his own way." All Jack Reacher books have been optioned for film.[full citation needed][better source needed]
It was announced in September 2014 that Tom Cruise reprise the role in the sequel Jack Reacher: Never Go Back, which would adapt the 18th novel Never Go Back. Christopher McQuarrie did not direct, due to other commitments with another Cruise film, Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation, and was replaced with Edward Zwick. The film was released October 21, 2016.
- Curtis, Bryan (2012). "The Curious Case of Lee Child: Before Tom Cruise could become Jack Reacher, Jim Grant had to become Lee Child". Grantland (20 December). Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Publication Order of Jack Reacher Books". Book Series in Order. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
-  Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- Child, Lee (1999). "James Penney's New Identity," In Fresh Blood III (Bloodlines), 163, (M. Ripley & Maxim Jakubowski, Eds.), London, GBR: Do-Not Press, ISBN 9781899344529. Accessed 5 September 2015.
- "High Heat: (A Jack Reacher Novella) (Kindle Single) (Jack Reacher Short Stories Book 3) eBook: Lee Child: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
- Child, Lee (2013). High Heat. Delacorte Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-345-54664-7.
- Child, Lee (2013). High Heat. Delacorte Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-345-54664-7.
- King, Stephen (2009). Under the Dome: Part Two. New York, New York: Pocket Books. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-4767-6728-4. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
Wettington was given a citation for helping to break up an illegal drug ring operating out of the Sixty-seventh Combat Support Hospital in Würzburg, Germany, and was personally recommended by a man named Jack Reacher, the toughest goddam Army cop that ever served, in my humble opinion.
- "Don't Know Jack: Interview With Diane Capri | Simplycreating". Sharonkowensimplycreating.wordpress.com.
- Finder, Joseph; Child, Lee (September 2014). Good And Valuable Consideration. New York, New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-4767-8879-1.
When Joseph Finder decided to try a series character, he took many cues from Lee Child’s Jack Reacher.
- Baldacci, David, ed. (2014). FaceOff. New York, New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781476762074. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- This work is a crossover between the Jack Reacher and Nick Heller series, the latter with Joseph Finder.
- This work is a crossover between the Jack Reacher and Temperance Brennan series, the latter with Kathy Reichs.
- The Belfast Telegraph on the Jack Reacher books: "2012 marks a landmark year for Lee Child, whose Jack Reacher thrillers have now sold in excess of 60 million copies worldwide." (7 September 2012)
- McWeeny, Drew (20 October 2010). "Why hasn't Paramount started making Jack Reacher movies?". HitFix. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- Fleming, Mike (15 July 2011). "Tom Cruise Locked To Play Jack Reacher In 'One Shot' For Paramount And Skydance". Deadline. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
- Child, Lee (2013). Never Go Back, back cover flap, ISBN 9780593065747.[full citation needed][better source needed]
- Schaefer, Sandy (September 2014). "'Jack Reacher' Author Says the Movie Sequel Will Have a New Director". Screen Rant. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- O'Connell, Sean (17 September 2014). "Jack Reacher 2 Is Happening, With These Changes". Cinema Blend. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "Tom Cruise to attend charity movie premiere in Knoxville". WBIR (Knoxville, Tennessee). September 13, 2016.