Jack Stevens

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Sir Jack Edwin Stawell Stevens
Jack Edwin Stawell Stevens.jpg
Brigadier Jack Stevens in Sydney, October 1940
Born(1896-09-07)7 September 1896
Daylesford, Victoria
Died20 May 1969(1969-05-20) (aged 72)
Sydney, New South Wales
AllegianceAustralia
Service/branchAustralian Army
Years of service1915–1919
1921–1950
RankMajor General
Service numberVX17
Commands held2nd Division (1947–50)
6th Division (1943–45)
12th Division (1942–43)
Northern Territory Force (1942–43)
4th Division (1942)
21st Brigade (1940–42)
6th Divisional Signals (1939–40)
57th/60th Battalion (1935–39)
3rd Divisional Signals (1929–35)
4th Divisional Signals (1926–29)
Battles/warsFirst World War

Second World War

AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Meritorious Service Medal
Efficiency Decoration
Mentioned in Despatches

Major General Sir Jack Edwin Stawell Stevens, KBE, CB, DSO, ED (7 September 1896 – 20 May 1969) was a senior officer in the Australian Army during the Second World War.[1] He was best known as the commanding officer of the 6th Division from 1943 to 1945.

Early life[edit]

Born on 7 September 1896 at Daylesford, Victoria, Stevens was the youngest child of Herbert Clarence Stevens and Violet Ophelia, née Bury. He attended schooling at Daylesford. He began working at the age of 12 at a cigar factory, before joining the Postmaster-General's Department as a clerk in the electrical engineers' branch in 1915.[1]

First World War[edit]

Stevens enlisted on 2 July 1915 in the Australian Imperial Force in the Signal Corp and sailed for Egypt in November with the rank of corporal.[2] He was promoted in March 1916 to sergeant and served with the 4th Divisional Signal Company. In June, he was sent to France and was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal for "devotion and keen sense of duty" during the battles of Pozières and the Ypres salient.[1] He was transferred to the 5th Divisional Signal Company in February 1917 and was promoted to lieutenant in April. He saw action at Polygon Wood and was transferred to the Australian Corps Signal Company in March 1918. Upon arrival in Melbourne after the cessation of hostilities he was discharged from the Australian Imperial Force on 28 October 1919.[1]

Between the wars[edit]

Upon returning home Stevens returned to work with the Postmaster-General's Department. He married Catherine McAllister Macdonald at the Presbyterian Church, South Melbourne on 26 April 1920. Rejoinining the Militia in 1921, he was promoted to captain in 1922 and commanded the 2nd Cavalry Divisional Signals and was promoted to major in 1924. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in command of the 4th Divisional Signals (1926–29), the 3rd Divisional Signals (1929–35) and the 57th/60th Battalion (1935–39).[1]

Second World War[edit]

Following the outbreak of the Second World War, Stevens was seconded to the Second Australian Imperial Force on 13 October 1939 and placed in command of the 6th Divisional Signals.[1] He was chosen in April 1940 as the commander of the 21st Brigade, and was promoted to colonel and temporary brigadier. Sailing with his brigade, he left for the Middle East in October. During the Syrian campaign against Vichy French forces in Syria and Lebanon he directed the battle of the Litani River on 12 June where he was wounded.[3] For his actions during this battle he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and was mentioned in despatches. After recovering from his wounds he led the brigades actions during the successful coastal advance towards Sidon[4] and in the battle of Damour between 5–9 July 1941.[1][5]

During the Syrian campaign against Vichy French forces in Syria and Lebanon he directed the battle of the Litani River on 12 June 1941 and After recovering from wounds he led the brigade's actions during the battle of Damour between 5 to 9 July 1941.

Stevens returned with the 21st Brigade to Australia in March 1942. Stevens was promoted to temporary major general and given command of the Militia's 4th Division in April before being appointed commander of Northern Territory Force in August. He was given the additional command responsibilities of the 12th Division and the Northern Territory Lines of Communications Area in December. Appointed the commanding officer of the 6th Division in April 1943 and oversaw the division's training on the Atherton Tableland, Queensland.[1]

Stevens deployed to the Territory of New Guinea in late 1944 for action in the Aitape–Wewak campaign, advancing along the coast to Wewak and clearing Japanese units from the Aitape-Wewak & Maprik area.[1] The campaign inflicted heavy losses on the Japanese 18th Army. He was appointed the Companion of the Order of the Bath for "gallant and distinguished service" and "outstanding leadership in operations against the Japanese" in 1946. He was relinquished of command against his wishes in August 1945.[1]

Later life[edit]

Stevens became the assistant-commissioner of the Commonwealth Public Service Board in 1946, before being appointed the general manager and chief executive officer of the Overseas Telecommunications Commission in September 1946.[1] He also kept an association with the Citizen Military Forces (CMF) as the commanding officer of the 2nd Division (1947–50) and for two months as the CMF member of the Military Board prior to being placed on the Reserve of Officers on 1 July 1950.[1] In 1950, he was appointed Secretary of the Department of National Development and given responsibility for uranium mining at Rum Jungle, Northern Territory. He was later appointed as the Secretary of the Department of Supply in 1951 to oversee research and development. He organised agreements with the United Kingdom and the United States of America on atomic research issues, and during the atomic tests in Australia.[1]

Stevens was appointed as the first chairman of the Australian Atomic Energy Commission (AAEC) in September 1952 to carry out research into atomic energy and enable access to overseas technology and secure technical co-operation.[1] Under his leadership the AAEC established the experimental nuclear reactor at Lucas Heights, New South Wales. For his role he was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[1] Retiring from the government sector in 1956, he became chairman of Australian Electrical Industries Ltd and British Automotive Industries Pty Ltd, and a director of Commonwealth Industrial Gases Ltd, Custom Credit Corporation Ltd, Mount Isa Mines Ltd and the Trustees Executors & Agency Co. Ltd.[1]

Stevens died of a coronary occlusion on 20 May 1969 in Sydney and was cremated. He was survived by his wife.[1] His only child, Duncan Stevens, was the captain of HMAS Voyager and was killed during the collision with HMAS Melbourne on 10 February 1964.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Boyle, Michael (2002). "Stevens, Sir Jack Edwin Stawell (1896–1969)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 16. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. p. 303–304. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
  2. ^ "B2458, Service No. 250000, Stevens, Jack Edwin Stawell [Previous Service Nos. 3617, VX17] Barcode 30122063". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  3. ^ James (2017), Ch. 12.
  4. ^ James (2017), Ch. 13
  5. ^ James (2017), Ch. 22.
  6. ^ Bennet, Daryl (2002). "Stevens, Duncan Herbert (1821–1964)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 16. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  • James, Richard (2017). Australia's war with France: the campaign in Syria and Lebanon, 1941. Newport, New South Wales: Big Sky Publishing. ISBN 978-1-925520-92-7.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Major General Francis Derham
General Officer Commanding 4th Division
April – August 1942
Succeeded by
Major General John Murray
Preceded by
Major General Edmund Herring
General Officer Commanding Northern Territory Force
1942–1943
Succeeded by
Major General Arthur Allen
Preceded by
Major General Arthur Allen
General Officer Commanding 6th Division
1943–1945
Succeeded by
Major General Horace Robertson
Government offices
Preceded by
Robert Jackson
Secretary of the Department of National Development
1950–1951
Succeeded by
Robert Jackson
Preceded by
Harold Breen
Secretary of the Department of Supply
1951–1953
Succeeded by
Frank O'Connor