Jack Tanner (trade unionist)

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Tanner, first on left top row, in a World War II patriotic poster

John Shirley Frederick Tanner (28 April 1889 – 3 March 1965), known as Jack Tanner, was a British trade unionist.

Born in Whitstable, Tanner grew up in London and became a fitter and turner at the age of 14. He joined the Social Democratic Federation and the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, soon becoming a prominent activist, and helping found the National Federation of Women Workers. During the 1910s, he was a leading syndicalist, active in the Industrial Syndicalist Education League, and chaired the First International Syndicalist Congress.[1]

During World War I, Tanner worked as an engineer in France and was active in the then-syndicalist Confédération Générale du Travail. He returned to London in 1917 and became active in the shop stewards' movement, and in 1920 attended the Second Congress of the Communist International. He did join the Communist Party of Great Britain, but left after only eight months, remaining politically close to it.[1]

Tanner increasingly devoted his time to the trade union movement, and was elected President of the Amalgamated Engineering Union in 1939, serving until 1953 and promoting economic planning in the engineering industry. Increasingly associated with the right-wing of the union, he served as President of the Trades Union Congress in 1954, and supported the anti-communist Industrial and Research Information Services from 1956.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tanner, Frederick John Shirley", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Trade union offices
Preceded by
John C. Little
President of the Amalgamated Engineering Union
1939–1953
Succeeded by
Robert Openshaw
Preceded by
Tom O'Brien
President of the Trades Union Congress
1954
Succeeded by
Charles Geddes