Jack the Giant Slayer
|Jack the Giant Slayer|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Bryan Singer|
|Music by||John Ottman|
|Cinematography||Newton Thomas Sigel|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Pictures|
|Box office||$197.7 million|
Jack the Giant Slayer (previously titled Jack the Giant Killer) is a 2013 American heroic fantasy adventure film based on the British fairy tales "Jack the Giant Killer" and "Jack and the Beanstalk". The film is directed by Bryan Singer with a screenplay written by Darren Lemke, Christopher McQuarrie and Dan Studney and stars Nicholas Hoult, Eleanor Tomlinson, Stanley Tucci, Ian McShane, Bill Nighy, and Ewan McGregor. The film tells the story of Jack, a young farmhand who must rescue a princess from a race of giants after inadvertently opening a gateway to their land in the sky.
Development of Jack the Giant Slayer began in 2005, when Lemke first pitched the idea. D. J. Caruso was hired to direct the film in January 2009, but in September of that year, Caruso was replaced by Singer, who hired McQuarrie and Studney to rework the script. The main characters were cast between February and March 2011, and principal photography began in April 2011 in England with locations in Somerset, Gloucestershire and Norfolk. Release of the film was moved back in post-production to allow more time for special effects and marketing.
Jack the Giant Slayer premiered on February 26, 2013 in Hollywood and was released theatrically in the United States on March 1, 2013 in 2D and 3D. The film received mixed reviews from critics and is considered a box office failure, losing between $125 million and $140 million for Legendary Pictures. Jack the Giant Slayer was released on home media on June 18, 2013.
In the Kingdom of Cloister, Jack, a young farm boy, is fascinated by the legend of Erik, an ancient king who defeated an army of invading giants from a realm in the sky by controlling them with a magical crown. At the same time, Princess Isabelle becomes fascinated with the same legend.
Ten years later, Jack goes into town to sell his horse to support his uncle's farm. There, Jack spots Isabelle and becomes enamored with her after defending her honor from a group of hooligans. Meanwhile, Lord Roderick returns to his study, only to find that a monk has robbed him. The monk offers Jack some magic beans he stole from Roderick as collateral for Jack's horse. Back at the castle, Isabelle quarrels with her father King Brahmwell as she wants to explore the kingdom, but he wants her to stay and marry Roderick. Likewise, Jack's uncle scolds him for being foolish before throwing the beans on the floor and leaving the house.
Determined to be free, Isabelle sneaks out of the castle and seeks shelter from the rain in Jack's house. As it rains, one of the beans takes root and grows into a massive beanstalk that carries the house and Isabelle into the sky as Jack falls to the ground.
Jack, Roderick, and Roderick's attendant Wicke volunteer to join the king's knights, led by Elmont and his second in-command, Crawe, and climb the beanstalk in search of Isabelle. As they climb, Roderick and Wicke cut the safety rope, intentionally killing some of the knights. At the top, they discover the giants' realm and decide to split into two groups: one with Jack, Elmont, and Crawe, and the other including Roderick and Wicke, but not before Roderick forcibly takes the remaining beans from Jack (although Jack manages to save one for himself).
Jack's group is trapped by a giant, who takes everyone prisoner except Jack. Meanwhile, Roderick's group encounters two other giants; one eats Wicke, but before the other can do the same to Roderick, Roderick dons the magical crown.
Jack follows the giant to their stronghold, where the two-headed giant leader, Fallon, has killed Crawe. Jack finds Isabelle and Elmont imprisoned there. As the giants prepare to kill their remaining prisoners, Roderick walks in and enslaves the giants with the crown. He tells the giants they will attack Cloister at dawn and gives them permission to eat Isabelle and Elmont. Jack rescues Isabelle and Elmont as one of the giants prepares to cook Elmont as a pig-in-a-blanket. The trio makes for the beanstalk, where Jack causes the giant guarding the beanstalk to fall off the realm's edge. Seeing the giant's body, Brahmwell orders the beanstalk cut down to avoid an invasion by the giants.
Jack and Isabelle head down the beanstalk, while Elmont stays to confront Roderick. Elmont kills Roderick, but Fallon takes the crown before Elmont can claim it, and Elmont is forced to escape down the beanstalk. Jack, Isabelle, and Elmont all survive the fall after the beanstalk is cut down. As everyone returns home, Jack warns that the giants are using Roderick's beans to create beanstalks to descend down to Earth and attack Cloister.
The giants chase Jack, Isabelle, and Brahmwell into the castle, where Elmont fills the moat with oil and sets it on fire. Fallon falls in the moat and breaks into the castle from below. As the siege continues, Fallon captures Jack and Isabelle, but Jack throws the final bean down Fallon's throat, causing a beanstalk to rip apart his body. Jack takes the crown and sends the giants back to their realm.
- Nicholas Hoult as Jack, a young farmhand who leads the quest to rescue the princess.
- Eleanor Tomlinson as Isabelle, the princess who is abducted by giants.
- Stanley Tucci as Lord Roderick, the king's advisor who plans on taking over the kingdom.
- Ian McShane as King Brahmwell, the princess's father, who wants his daughter to marry Lord Roderick.
- Bill Nighy and John Kassir as General Fallon, the two-headed leader of the giants. Nighy plays the bigger head and Kassir plays the smaller head.
- Ewan McGregor as Elmont, the captain of the king’s guard, who joins the quest to rescue the princess.
Screenwriter Darren Lemke first proposed the idea of contemporizing the "Jack and the Beanstalk" fairy tale with CGI in 2005 before the release of other contemporary films based on fairy tales such as Alice in Wonderland (2010), Red Riding Hood (2011) and Snow White and the Huntsman (2012). Lemke described the script as "a male-oriented story of a boy becoming a man" and drew a parallel between Jack and Luke Skywalker of Star Wars. In January 2009, New Line Cinema hired D. J. Caruso to direct the script, which was subsequently rewritten by Mark Bomback. By August 2009, it was reported that Bryan Singer might be replacing Caruso; this became official in September 2009.
In April 2010, Singer re-teamed with screenwriter Christopher McQuarrie to rework the screenplay. Singer and McQuarrie had previously collaborated on Public Access, The Usual Suspects, Apt Pupil, and Valkyrie. Singer stated, "Chris McQuarrie did a significant re-write for me. He brought a different structure. It was very much a page-one situation; a different storyline. It involved the same characters, but some we juggled around and switched around. He just brought a very different perspective". McQuarrie's re-write included a deeper back story for the giants and explanation of their relationship with the humans, which Singer considered a "vast improvement"; it also upped the budget. To get the budget back in line, Singer brought in television writer Dan Studney to work on the project.
In May 2010, ReelzChannel reported that production of the film would be delayed until February 2011. The report cited Singer's interest in being able to pre-visualize scenes with the digital giants in-camera with the live-action actors (a la James Cameron's Avatar) and the need for more time to work out the complex process as reasons for the delay.
In October 2010, New Line gave Bryan Singer the green-light to begin pre-production work on Jack the Giant Killer, with production scheduled to begin the following spring. In November 2010, Singer began screen-testing for the male and female leads. Aaron Johnson, Nicholas Hoult, and Aneurin Barnard were considered for the role of the young farmhand, and Adelaide Kane, Lily Collins, and Juno Temple tested for the princess role.
In December 2010, Singer said, "I’m very much looking forward to using the EPIC Red for my next movie Jack the Giant Killer which will be shot in, what else, 3D. The camera’s incredibly compact size and extraordinary resolution are ideal for the 3D format. But more importantly Jack the Giant Killer is my first movie set in a time before electricity. The EPIC’s extraordinary exposure latitude will allow me to more effectively explore the use of natural light".
In February 2011, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Stanley Tucci had been cast as the antagonist, the king's advisor who plans on taking over the kingdom, and Bill Nighy and John Kassir were cast as Fallon, the two-headed leader of the giants; Nighy would play the big head and Kassir would play the smaller head. Also in February, Nicholas Hoult was offered the lead role. Singer said he had liked him since Skins and was very supportive of his casting in X-Men: First Class. Later that month, Ewan McGregor joined the cast as the leader of the king’s elite guard, who helps fight giants.
In March 2011, Eleanor Tomlinson was cast opposite Nicholas Hoult as the princess and Ian McShane was cast to play her father, King Brahmwell. Two days later, New Line and Warner Bros. announced a release date of June 15, 2012.
Principal photography began on April 12, 2011, in the British countryside. In May 2011, production moved to Somerset, England for two weeks with filming scheduled in Wells, Cheddar and secret locations in the county including scenes filmed at Wells Cathedral. Also in May, scenes were shot at Puzzlewood in the Forest of Dean near Coleford, Gloucestershire. Puzzlewood, which features unusual tree and rock formations, has previously been used for filming of the BBC TV series Doctor Who and Merlin. The same forest is said to have inspired J. R. R. Tolkien to write The Hobbit. Later that month, filming took place at Norwich Cathedral in Norwich, Norfolk.
About the performance-capture process Singer stated, "It's fascinating... It takes you back to play-acting as a kid in your living room because you are running around and having to imagine that you are in Gantua and imagine that there are these weapons and all these giant things. But there's nothing when you are there other than styrofoam and blocks. It forces the actors to regress to when they would play-act as kids or do minimalist theatre. But in that way it's fascinating - I can see why Robert Zemeckis and James Cameron have started to shoot pictures this way".
In January 2012, Warner Bros. moved back the release date by nine months, from June 15, 2012, to March 22, 2013. The Hollywood Reporter stated: "Warner can likely afford the move because of Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Rises, which opened in July. And moving the film back gives the studio more time for special effects, as well as a chance to attach trailers for it to Peter Jackson's Christmas tentpole The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey". In October 2012, Warner Bros. again moved the release date, this time to March 1, 2013, three weeks earlier than the previous date. Warner Bros also changed the title of the film from Jack the Giant Killer to Jack the Giant Slayer.
The film's special effects were completed by seven different visual effects houses: Digital Domain, Giant Studios, The Third Floor, MPC, Soho VFX, Rodeo FX and Hatch Productions. Creating the giants took four main steps. The first step was Pre-Capture, in which performance capture was used to capture the actor's facial and body movements and render them in a real-time virtual environment. The second step took place during principal photography, where Simulcam technology was used to help the human characters virtually interact with the giants that were rendered earlier in Pre-Capture. The third step was Post-Capture, a second performance capture shoot to adjust giants' movements to seamlessly fit the live-action performances. The final step involved putting the finishing touches on the giant's animation, skin, hair and clothing, and composition in the shots. Creating the beanstalk involved two main requirements: set extension for shots of the actors interacting with the beanstalk, which were shot against a bluescreen, and complete CG renderings for shots of the beanstalk growing and extending from Earth into the world of the giants.
Singer stated that he had to tone down the special effects to keep the film age-appropriate for children. He said, "This movie probably has a bigger on-screen body count than any movie I've done before. It's done in a way that's fun, but it was a challenge to get away with that without it becoming upsetting to people... It was about creating a tone like Raiders of the Lost Ark or Star Wars that allows you to get away with a lot of stuff because it feels like a movie."
|Jack The Giant Slayer: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by John Ottman|
|Released||February 26, 2013|
The film's soundtrack features music by John Ottman, who also served as an editor and associate producer on the film. Jack the Giant Slayer marks Ottman's seventh collaboration with director Bryan Singer; they previously worked together on Public Access, The Usual Suspects, Apt Pupil, X2: X-Men United, Superman Returns, and Valkyrie. The soundtrack album was released on February 26, 2013, by WaterTower Music.
|Jack The Giant Slayer: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|1.||"Jack and Isabelle (Theme from Jack the Giant Slayer)"||3:56|
|6.||"How Do You Do"||2:23|
|7.||"Why Do People Scream?"||3:17|
|8.||"Story of the Giants"||3:22|
|9.||"Welcome to Gantua"||4:12|
|10.||"Power of the Crown"||1:21|
|11.||"Not Wildly Keen on Heights"||2:19|
|12.||"Top of the World"||2:30|
|13.||"The Legends Are True / First Kiss"||3:43|
|14.||"Roderick’s Demise / The Beanstalk Falls"||5:36|
|16.||"Onward and Downward!"||3:19|
|17.||"Waking a Sleeping Giant"||2:21|
|18.||"Chase to Cloister"||5:19|
|21.||"Sniffing Out Fear / All is Lost"||5:07|
|22.||"The New King / Stories"||4:17|
Pre-release tracking showed that Jack the Giant Slayer was projected to gross $30 million to $35 million in its opening weekend, a disappointing figure considering it cost at least $185 million to produce. The film grossed $400,000 from Thursday night and midnight runs, ahead of its wide release open on Friday, March 1, 2013. Through the weekend, the film grossed $28.01 million in North America at 3,525 locations, taking first place at the box office. The audience was 55% male and 56% were over the age of 25, despite the studio's efforts to target families. At the same time, the film took in an additional $13.7 million in 10 Asian markets at 1,824 locations.
Four weeks into its theatrical run, The Hollywood Reporter reported that the film was on track to lose between $125 million and $140 million for Legendary Pictures, suggesting that the film would likely close at $200 million worldwide, short of its combined production and marketing budget. Jack the Giant Slayer closed in theaters on June 13, 2013, grossing a total of $65,187,603 in North America and $197,687,603 worldwide. In explaining its box office failure, analysts pointed to the conflict between the director's darker, more adult-themed vision with the studio's desire for a family-friendly product, leading to the final compromise of a PG-13 film that did not sufficiently appeal to adults or children.
Jack the Giant Slayer received a mixed response from film critics. On the review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes the film has a rating of 51%, based on an aggregation of 195 reviews, with an average rating of 5.7/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "It's enthusiastically acted and reasonably fun, but Jack the Giant Slayer is also overwhelmed by digital effects and a bland, impersonal story." Metacritic, which uses a weighted mean, assigned a score of 51 out of 100, based on 37 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter said, "Simply in terms of efficient storytelling, clear logistics and consistent viewer engagement, Jack is markedly superior to the recent Hobbit." Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times said, "Jack the Giant Slayer is a rousing, original and thoroughly entertaining adventure."
Conversely, Justin Chang of Variety said, "Jack the Giant Slayer feels, unsurprisingly, like an attempt to cash in on a trend, recycling storybook characters, situations and battle sequences to mechanical and wearyingly predictable effect." Manohla Dargis of The New York Times said, "This finally is just a digitally souped-up, one-dimensional take on 'Jack and the Beanstalk'." Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times said, "Bryan Singer's take on the old fairy tale has all things money can buy — except a good script."
|2013||Phoenix Film Critics Society||The Overlooked Film of the Year||Jack the Giant Slayer||Nominated|||
|Best Visual Effects||Jack the Giant Slayer||Nominated|
|BMI Film & TV Awards||Film Music Award||John Ottman||Won|||
|2014||Saturn Awards||Best Fantasy Film||Jack the Giant Slayer||Nominated|||
In April 2013, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment announced the release of Jack the Giant Slayer on Blu-ray 3D, Blu-ray Disc and DVD. The discs were released on June 18, 2013 in two editions; a three-disc 3D/Blu-ray/DVD combo pack, and a two-disc Blu-ray/DVD combo pack. Both sets include the "Become a Giant Slayer" featurette, deleted scenes, gag reel and a digital copy of the film.
- "Jack the Giant Killer". British Board of Film Classification. February 18, 2013. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
- FilmL.A. (March 1, 2014). "2013 Feature Film Study" (PDF). Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "Jack the Giant Slayer". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2013-03-01.
- Flemming, Mike (February 11, 2011). "Nicholas Hoult To Star In 'Jack The Giant Killer'". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- IGN Staff (May 27, 2011). "Singer's Jack Starts Killing Giants". IGN. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- McNary, Dave (March 1, 2011). "Eleanor Tomlinson joins 'Killer' cast". Variety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (February 9, 2011). "Stanley Tucci Set for Villain in 'Jack the Giant Killer'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (March 21, 2011). "Ian McShane Joins Bryan Singer's 'Jack the Giant Killer'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 22, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (February 24, 2011). "Ewan McGregor Joining 'Jack the Giant Killer' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- "This isn't as much fun as being a Jedi! Ewan McGregor swaps Obi-Wan Kenobi robes for another knight's costume on set of new movie". Daily Mail. April 13, 2011. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- "Jack the Giant Killer reunites Scottish Trainspotting stars and adds Avatar effects team". STV. July 4, 2011. Archived from the original on March 6, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2011.
- Leyland, Matthew (April 11, 2011). "Bryan Singer spills the beans on Jack The Giant Killer". Total Film. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- Sperling, Nicole (February 27, 2013). "'Jack the Giant Slayer' director faced some towering challenges". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (2013-03-01), "You don't know beans about this daring 'Jack'", USA Today (paper), pp. D1—D2
- Fleming, Michael (January 6, 2009). "D.J. Caruso lands 'Killer' gig". Variety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (August 20, 2009). "Warner Bros. securing rights to the 1981 film". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Rappe, Elizabeth (September 23, 2009). "Bryan Singer to Direct 'Jack and the Giant Killer'". Cinematical. Moviefone. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Susman, Gary (April 22, 2010). "Bryan Singer and Christopher McQuarrie Reunite for 'Jack the Giant Killer'". Cinematical. Moviefone. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- IGN Staff (May 31, 2011). "Bryan Singer Talks Jack the Giant Killer". IGN. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- BrentJS (May 28, 2010). "Bryan Singer's Jack the Giant Killer Start Pushed Back to February 2011". ReelzChannel. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Flemming, Mike (October 21, 2010). "Bryan Singer Gets 'Jack The Giant Killer' Green Light; Who'll Climb Beanstalk?". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (November 30, 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: Bryan Singer Lining up Actors to Test for 'Jack the Giant Killer'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Connelly, Brendon (December 25, 2010). "Bryan Singer Reveals Something Of His Giant Killer Cinematography Plans". Bleeding Cool. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "Rock of Ages and Jack the Giant Killer Release Dates Set". ComingSoon.net. CraveOnline. March 23, 2011. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- "'Giant killer' film brings Hollywood names to Somerset". BBC News. May 5, 2011. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
- "Jack the Giant Killer filming in the Forest of Dean". BBC News. May 9, 2011. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
- "Norwich Cathedral used in Jack the Giant Killer movie". BBC News. May 13, 2011. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- McClintock, Pamela; Kit, Borys (January 19, 2012). "Warner Bros. Takes 'Arthur & Lancelot' Off Calendar, Pushes 'Giant Killer' to 2013". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- The Deadline Team (October 17, 2012). "WB's Retitled 'Jack The Giant Slayer' Now Opens March 1, 2013". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
- Failes, Ian (March 8, 2013). "No small feat: making Jack the Giant Slayer". FX Guide. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
- "'Jack the Giant Slayer' Soundtrack Details". Film Music Reporter. February 9, 2013. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Chinese Theatres - Recent Premieres". TCL Chinese Theatre. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- McClintock, Pamela (February 22, 2013). "Big-Budget 'Jack the Giant Slayer' Faces Soft Tracking". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Smith, Grady (28 February 2013). "Box office preview: 'Jack the Giant Slayer' hopes to climb higher than '21 And Over'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
New Line claims the Bryan Singer-directed picture cost $185 million to produce, though chatter among insiders suggests the budget actually climbed to at least $200 million.
- McClintock, Pamela (March 1, 2013). "Box Office Report: 'Jack the Giant Slayer' Grosses Tepid $400K in Midnight Runs". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- Subers, Ray (March 3, 2013). "Weekend Report: 'Jack' Not Very 'Giant'". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on March 4, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- Contrino, Phil (2013-03-04). "GLOBAL: 'A Good Day To Die Hard' Passes $200 Million; 'Jack The Giant Slayer' Posts Healthy Numbers In Asian Countries; 'Life of Pi' Nears $600 Million". Boxoffice. Archived from the original on 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
- McClintock, Pamela (April 3, 2013). "'Jack the Giant Slayer' Could Lose up to $140 Million for Warner Bros., Legendary". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 4, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
- Brodesser-Akner, Claude (March 4, 2013). "Your Box Office Explained: Why Did Jack the Giant Slayer Bomb?". New York. Archived from the original on July 15, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- "Jack the Giant Slayer (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
- "Jack the Giant Slayer". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
- McCarthy, Todd (February 26, 2013). "Jack the Giant Slayer: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- Roeper, Richard (February 27, 2013). "Jack the Giant Slayer". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- Chang, Justin (February 26, 2013). "Jack the Giant Slayer". Variety. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- Dargis, Manohla (February 28, 2013). "A Mighty Beanstalk Grows a New Twist". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- Turan, Kenneth (February 28, 2013). "Review: Nothing magic about 'Jack the Giant Slayer'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- "Phoenix Film Critics Society 2013 Award Nominations". Phoenix Film Critics Society. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Cliff Martinez and Top Composers Honored at the 2013 BMI Film & TV Awards". BMI. May 16, 2013. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
- Johns, Nikara (February 25, 2014). "'Gravity,' 'The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug' Lead Saturn Awards Noms". Variety. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2014.
- "Jack the Giant Slayer Blu-ray". Blu-ray. April 18, 2013. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2013.