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This article is about the garment. For other uses, see Jacket (disambiguation).
A sports jacket, known as a "sport coat" in the U.S.

A jacket is a mid-stomach–length garment for the upper body.[1] A jacket typically has sleeves, and fastens in the front or slightly on the side. A jacket is generally lighter, tighter-fitting, and less insulating than a coat, which is outerwear. Some jackets are fashionable, while others serve as protective clothing.


The word jacket comes from the French word jaquette. The term comes from the Middle French noun jaquet, which refers to a small or lightweight tunic.[2] In Modern French, jaquette is synonymous with jacket. Speakers of American English sometimes informally use the words jacket and coat interchangeably.[3]

Nylon bomber jacket, also in leather

List of jackets [edit]

  • Atilla, a fancy, braided Hungarian shell-jacket or short coat, decorated with lace and knots
  • Ball jacket, often specified as a baseball jacket or football jacket, a casual jacket with knitted cuffs, collar, and waistband and a zippered front
  • Bed jacket, a jacket made from lightweight material designed to be worn in bed
  • Blazer, similar to but more casual than a suit jacket; single- or double-breasted of sturdy material, commonly with metal buttons.
  • Blouson, a military-style waist length jacket.
  • Bolero, a very short jacket for women, originally worn by matadors
  • Bomber jacket, a blouson originally designed for US aircrews in leather or nylon.
  • Brunswick, a two-piece woman's gown of the mid-eighteenth century.
  • Caraco, a woman's jacket of the 18th century.
  • Chef's jacket
  • Dinner jacket, part of the black-tie dress code of evening formal wear. Also known as a Dinner suit and a Tuxedo.
  • Donkey jacket
  • Doublet (clothing)
  • Down jacket, a quilted jacket filled with down feathers
  • Eisenhower jacket, a waist-length, fitted, military-inspired jacket with a waistband based on the World War II British Army's Battle Dress jacket introduced by General Dwight Eisenhower
  • Field jacket, a jacket that is worn by soldiers on the battlefield or doing duties in cold weather. The field jacket came about during World War II with the US Army introducing the M-1941 and the M-1943 field jacket and issued the jacket to their troops. The most well-known and the most popular type of military field jacket that is on the market today is the M-1965 or M-65 field jacket which came into US military service in 1965.
  • Flak jacket
  • Fleece jacket, a casual jacket made of synthetic wool such as Polar Fleece
  • Flight jacket, also known as a bomber jacket
  • Gilet, a sleeveless jacket or vest.
  • Hacking jacket
  • Harrington jacket, a lightweight waist-length jacket
  • Jean jacket or denim jacket, a jacket falling slightly below the waist, usually of denim, with buttoned band cuffs like a shirt and a waistband that can be adjusted by means of buttons. Also called Levi's jacket (see Levi's)
  • Jerkin
  • Kilt jacket, one of several styles of traditional Scottish jacket worn with the kilt, including the Argyll jacket, the Prince Charlie jacket, and a type of tweed jacket
  • Leather jacket, also known as a motorcycle jacket
  • Mess jacket or eton jacket, similar to a tailcoat but cut off just below the waist. Worn as part of mess dress and formerly as the school uniform of boys under 5'4" at Eton College until 1976 and at many other English schools, particularly choir schools[4]
  • Motorcycle jacket, a leather jacket, usually black, worn by motorcycle riders; originally to mid-thigh, now usually to a fitted waist
  • Nehru jacket
  • Norfolk jacket
  • Peplum jacket, a jacket featuring a short overskirt
  • Puffa jacket, a type of padded jacket popular in the 1990s
  • Rain jacket, a short rain coat
  • Reefing jacket or reefer, a type of pea coat
  • Reversible jacket
  • Riding jacket, part of a riding habit
  • Sailor jacket
  • Satin jacket, a type of ball jacket made of satin and popular in the 1950s
  • Smoking jacket
  • Spencer, a high-waisted jacket dating to the Regency period
  • Sport coat (US) or Sports jacket (UK), a tailored jacket, similar in cut to a suit coat but more utilitarian, originally casual wear for hunting, riding, and other outdoor sports; specific types include a shooting jacket and hacking jacket
  • Suit jacket
  • Tabard, a loose sleeveless outer garment
  • Tunic, a thigh length coat or jacket worn with a wide range of military and civilian uniforms
  • Varsity jacket also known as a letter jacket or letterman jacket
  • Windbreaker (N. American, Japan) or windcheater (UK)
  • Tracksuit jacket
  • Wamus, also called a "roundabout," a traditional American term for a short jacket.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Picken, Mary Brooks (1999) [1957]. A Dictionary of Costume and Fashion. Dover Publications. p. 185. ISBN 978-0-486-40294-9. 
  2. ^ Harper, Douglas. "jacket". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2011-09-07. 
  3. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1971
  4. ^ The Eton Suit