|Nickname(s): The Pine City|
Location of Jackson in Clarke County, Alabama.
|• Total||15.83 sq mi (41.00 km2)|
|• Land||15.64 sq mi (40.51 km2)|
|• Water||0.19 sq mi (0.50 km2)|
|Elevation||236 ft (72 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||4,907|
|• Density||313.77/sq mi (121.14/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||36501, 36515, 36545|
|GNIS feature ID||0151874|
Jackson is located along the western border of Clarke County at coordinates Tombigbee River. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 square miles (41.0 km2), of which 15.6 square miles (40.5 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2), or 1.21%, is water., on a rise overlooking east bank of the
Jackson sits across the Tombigbee River from Washington County, Alabama.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,228 people, 2,112 households, and 1,446 families residing in the city. The population density was 334 people per square mile (129.1/km²). There were 2,426 housing units at an average density of 153.5 per square mile (59.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.9% White, 42.9% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 2,112 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,917, and the median income for a family was $46,328. Males had a median income of $54,688 versus $29,483 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,822. About 21.9% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.4% of those under age 18 and 18.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,419 people, 2,094 households, and 1,507 families residing in the city. The population density was 358.7 people per square mile (138.5/km²). There were 2,341 housing units at an average density of 155.0 per square mile (59.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.42% White, 38.49% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population.
There were 2,094 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,806, and the median income for a family was $45,516. Males had a median income of $43,558 versus $21,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,346. About 15.3% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.
Jackson was founded in 1816 and is named after President Andrew Jackson. Former names for the city include Pine Level and Republicville.
During the Civil War, a Confederate fort was established on the banks of the Tombigbee River. It was named Fort Carney and was positioned on Carney's Bluff just south of Jackson. The cannon that was on the bluff now sits in front of City Hall.
During World War II, a prisoner-of-war camp was built and operated holding 253 captured German soldiers on Ocre Avenue. The camp was opened April 6, 1945 and closed March 12, 1946. Many of the prisoners were members of the Afrika Korps.
- Alabama Southern Community College
- Jackson Academy
- Jackson Middle School
- Jackson High School
- Jackson Intermediate
- Joe M. Gillmore Elementary
- Walker Springs Road Baptist Academy
This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Ann Bedsole, member of both houses of the Alabama State Legislature 1979-1995
- Stew Bolen, former Major League Baseball player
- Antonio Chatman, NFL wide receiver
- I. Kimbell Hicks, three-term mayor of Melbourne, Florida
- Jimmy Outlaw, former Major League Baseball player
- Ray Prim, former Major League Baseball pitcher, raised in Jackson
- Travis and Bob, musical duo
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 17, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Lossing, Benson (1868). The Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812. Harper & Brothers, Publishers. p. 751.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jackson city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Civil War Cannon in Jackson | Encyclopedia of Alabama". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Welcome to Clarke County Pamphlet" (PDF). Clarke County Development Foundation. June 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2007-04-25.
- Clarke County Historical Marker, N31°31’53.6”W087°53’28.8”
- "Clarke County, Alabama Industry".
- "Ann Smith Bedsole". Alabama Academy of Honor. Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- "Antonio Chatman". databaseFootball.com. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- City of Jackson official website
- Jackson Area Chamber of Commerce
- The South Alabamian, local newspaper covering Jackson and surrounding area
- Coastal Gateway Regional Economic Development Alliance