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Jackson, Georgia

Coordinates: 33°17′37″N 83°57′45″W / 33.29361°N 83.96250°W / 33.29361; -83.96250
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Jackson, Georgia
Butts County Courthouse
Official logo of Jackson, Georgia
Location in Butts County and the state of Georgia
Location in Butts County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°17′37″N 83°57′45″W / 33.29361°N 83.96250°W / 33.29361; -83.96250
CountryUnited States
 • Total6.10 sq mi (15.79 km2)
 • Land6.08 sq mi (15.74 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
705 ft (215 m)
 • Total5,557
 • Density914.28/sq mi (352.98/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code770
FIPS code13-41596[2]
GNIS feature ID0332079[3]

Jackson is a city in and the county seat of Butts County, Georgia, United States.[4] The population was 5,045 in 2010,[5] up from 3,934 at the 2000 census. The community was named after governor James Jackson.[6]



Founded in 1826, Jackson began as a 303-acre (1.23 km2) plot purchased for the purpose of starting the town. The plot was divided into squares and each square into lots. The first buyer of a lot in the new town was John D. Swift of Newton County, Georgia. During the Civil War, much of Jackson was razed by the army of General William T. Sherman during his March to the Sea. After the war, Jackson, like much of the South, struggled economically for decades. Jackson remained little more than a small village until the arrival of the railroads in the latter half of the 19th century. On May 5, 1882, the first train arrived in Jackson, heralding a new era in the transportation of people and goods.

During the 20th century, Jackson grew and industrial textile mills became the largest employer of local citizens. The arrival of Interstate 75 just a few miles to the southwest of the city gave citizens quick access to Atlanta and Macon. The numerous schools throughout the county consolidated into one central school system located in Jackson, and the schools desegregated in 1968. In the 1970s, Jackson slowly became a bedroom community. City taxes were also abolished in the 1970s.



Jackson is located in the center of Butts County at 33°17′37″N 83°57′45″W / 33.293600°N 83.962372°W / 33.293600; -83.962372.[7] It is 46 miles (74 km) southeast of downtown Atlanta. The center of population of Georgia is located 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Jackson near the Butts County/Newton County line.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.2 km2), of which 6.2 square miles (16.1 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.50%, is water.[5]



Jackson is governed by an elected city council of five members, each representing a district of the city. The council is presided over by the mayor, who is elected at-large. All officials serve four year terms. The current mayor of Jackson is Carlos Duffey, who was elected in 2022.[9] The city government is established by means of the City Charter.



Jackson is the home of WJGA-FM 92.1.

Jackson is a frequent backdrop for a number of television shows. Beginning in 2016, Jackson appeared in Stranger Things, representing the show's setting in the fictional town of Hawkins, Indiana in the early 1980s. Exterior filming locations included the downtown (with some buildings freshly painted for filming), a furniture store (standing in for a cinema exterior), and the Butts County Probate court.[10]

The popularity of the show has attracted many fans to the town. Other shows which have been filmed in the area include The CW's The Originals.

State prison


The Georgia Diagnostic and Classification State Prison of the Georgia Department of Corrections is a maximum security prison in unincorporated Butts County about 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Jackson. It is home to Georgia's death row and execution facility.[11] The prison is also home to maximum security general population (non-death row).


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
Jackson racial composition as of 2020[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 2,721 48.97%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,399 43.17%
Native American 10 0.18%
Asian 25 0.45%
Pacific Islander 3 0.05%
Other/Mixed 211 3.8%
Hispanic or Latino 188 3.38%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,557 people, 1,799 households, and 1,141 families residing in the city.



The Butts County School District, grades pre-school to twelve, consists of three elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school.[14] The district has 184 full-time teachers and over 3,370 students.[15]

  • Hampton L. Daughtry Elementary School
  • Jackson Elementary School
  • Stark Elementary School
  • Henderson Middle School
  • Jackson High School

Notable people



  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jackson city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  6. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 233. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  9. ^ "Carlos Duffey takes oath of office as Jackson's first black mayor". Retrieved November 26, 2022.
  10. ^ "Georgia Locations for Netflix's 'Stranger Things'". Deep South Magazine. Deep South Media. July 28, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2017. Georgia's small towns outside of Atlanta, including Douglasville, Conyers, Jackson, Winston and Fayetteville, easily pass for the Midwest, and Jackson's intact downtown isn't a far stretch from 1983 Hawkins on film.
  11. ^ "Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Prison Archived 2010-04-23 at the Wayback Machine." Georgia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on July 18, 2010. "HWY 36 WEST" "JACKSON, GA 30233." and the travel directions "Take I-75 south toward Macon to Exit 201, Jackson/Barnesville. Exit and turn left, go over the bridge and travel approximately ¼ mile. Go through two lights and you will see the entrance to the Diagnostic Center ahead on the left, several truck stops and fueling stations on the right. Turn left on Prison Boulevard and follow it to the facility."
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  14. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  15. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 1, 2010.