Location in Butts County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||6.3 sq mi (16.2 km2)|
|• Land||6.2 sq mi (16.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||705 ft (215 m)|
|• Density||810/sq mi (312.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0332079|
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Jackson is a city in Butts County, Georgia, United States. The city is the county seat of Butts County. The population was 5,045 at the 2010 census, up from 3,934 at the 2000 census. The community was named after governor James Jackson.
Founded in 1826, Jackson began as a 303-acre (1.23 km2) plot purchased for the purpose of starting the town. The plot was divided into squares and each square into lots. The first buyer of a lot in the new town was John D. Swift of Newton County, Georgia. During the Civil War, much of Jackson was razed by the army of General William T. Sherman during his March to the Sea. After the war, Jackson, like much of the South, struggled economically for decades. Jackson remained little more than a small village until the arrival of the railroads in the latter half of the 19th century. On May 5, 1882, the first train arrived in Jackson, heralding a new era in transportation of people and goods.
During the 20th century, Jackson grew and industrial textile mills became the largest employer of local citizens. The arrival of Interstate 75 just a few miles to the southwest of the city gave citizens quick access to Atlanta and Macon. The numerous schools throughout the county consolidated into one central school system located in Jackson, and the schools desegregated in 1968. In the 1970s, Jackson slowly became a bedroom community. City taxes were also abolished in the 1970s.
Jackson is located in the center of Butts County at  It is 46 miles (74 km) southeast of downtown Atlanta. The center of population of Georgia is located 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Jackson near the Butts County/Newton County line..
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.2 km2), of which 6.2 square miles (16.1 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.50%, is water.
Jackson is governed by an elected city council of five members, each representing a district of the city. The council is presided over by the mayor, who is elected at-large. All officials serve four year terms. The current mayor of Jackson is Kay Pippin, who was elected in 2013. The city government is established by means of the City Charter.
The Georgia Diagnostic and Classification State Prison of the Georgia Department of Corrections is a maximum security prison in unincorporated Butts County 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Jackson. It is home to Georgia's death row for men and Georgia's execution facility. The prison is also home to maximum security general population (non-death row).
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,934 people, 1,510 households, and 996 families residing in the city. The population density was 836.3 people per square mile (323.2/km²). There were 1,668 housing units at an average density of 354.6 per square mile (137.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.71% White, 44.26% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.
There were 1,510 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 78.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,472, and the median income for a family was $34,773. Males had a median income of $30,331 versus $20,994 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,702. About 16.8% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 29.0% of those age 65 or over.
The Butts County School District, grades pre-school to twelve, consists of three elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school. The district has 184 full-time teachers and over 3,370 students.
- Hampton L. Daughtry Elementary School
- Jackson Elementary School
- Stark Elementary School
- Henderson Middle School
- Jackson High School
Jackson is the home of WJGA-FM 92.1.
- Mac Collins, former U.S. congressman
- Douglass Watson, actor
- Neiron Ball, Professional football player
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jackson city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). "Historical Gazetteer of the United States". Routledge. p. 233. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Centers of Population by State: 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Jackson elects Kay Pippin mayor". Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- "Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Prison." Georgia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on July 18, 2010. "HWY 36 WEST" "JACKSON, GA 30233." and the travel directions "Take I-75 south toward Macon to Exit 201, Jackson/Barnesville. Exit and turn left, go over the bridge and travel approximately ¼ mile. Go through two lights and you will see the entrance to the Diagnostic Center ahead on the left, several truck stops and fueling stations on the right. Turn left on Prison Boulevard and follow it to the facility."
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 1, 2010.