Jackson Township, New Jersey
Jackson Township, New Jersey
|Township of Jackson|
A Place for All Seasons
Map of Jackson Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Jackson Township, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 6, 1844|
|Named for||Andrew Jackson|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Michael Reina (term ends December 31, 2022)|
|• Administrator||Terence Wall|
|• Municipal clerk||Janice Kisty|
|• Total||100.624 sq mi (260.616 km2)|
|• Land||99.244 sq mi (257.041 km2)|
|• Water||1.380 sq mi (3.575 km2) 1.37%|
|Area rank||4th of 566 in state|
1st of 33 in county
|Elevation||118 ft (36 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||28th of 566 in state|
4th of 33 in county
|• Density||567/sq mi (219/km2)|
|• Density rank||436th of 566 in state|
27th of 33 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882079|
Jackson Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 54,856. The population increased by 12,040 (+28.1%) from the 42,816 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,583 (+28.8%) from the 33,233 counted in the 1990 Census. The 2010 population was the highest recorded in any decennial census. A portion of the township is located within the New Jersey Pine Barrens.
Jackson is the site of Six Flags Great Adventure, home to the 456-foot (139 m) Kingda Ka, which as of 2020 is the tallest roller coaster in the world. Jackson is also home to Six Flags Hurricane Harbor and the 350-acre (140 ha) Safari Off Road Adventure, which replaced Six Flags Wild Safari in 2013.
Jackson Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1844, from portions of Dover Township (now Toms River Township), Freehold Township and Upper Freehold Township, while the area was still part of Monmouth County. The township was named for president Andrew Jackson, a year before his death. It became part of the newly created Ocean County on February 15, 1850. Portions of the township were taken to form Plumsted Township on March 11, 1845.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 100.624 square miles (260.616 km2), including 99.244 square miles (257.041 km2) of land and 1.380 square miles (3.575 km2) of water (1.37%). Jackson is the largest municipality by area in Ocean County.
Vista Center (with a 2010 population of 2,095) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Jackson Township. Other unincorporated communities, localities and populated places located completely or partially within the township include Archers Corner, Bennetts Mills, Burksville, Butterfly Bridge, Cassville, Colliers Mills, DeBow Corner, Francis Mills, Grayville, Harmony, Holmansville, Holmeson, Hyson, Jackson Mills, Kapps Corner, Leesville, Legler, Maryland, Midwood, New Prospect, Pleasant Grove, Prospertown, Ridgeway State Forest, Success, The Alligator, Van Hiseville, Webbsville, Whitesbridge and Whitesville.
The township borders Lakewood Township, Manchester Township, Plumsted Township and Toms River Township in Ocean County; and Freehold Township, Howell Township, Millstone Township and Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County.
Colliers Mills Wildlife Management Area is a 12,906.63-acre (5,223.13 ha) wildlife management area located within portions of both Jackson Township and Plumsted Township operated by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Division of Fish and Wildlife. Several man-made lakes are located within the township, including Success Lake in the Colliers Mills Wildlife Management Area.
Jackson Township, New Jersey, gets 45 inches (1,100 mm) of rain per year. Snowfall is 23 inches (580 mm) inches and the number of days with any measurable precipitation is 115. On average, there are 206 sunny days per year in Jackson. The July high is around 86 degrees and the January low is 23. The comfort index is 45 out of 100.
|Climate data for Jackson, NJ|
|Average high °F (°C)||41
|Average low °F (°C)||22
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.92
|Population sources: 1850–2000|
1850 1870 1880–1890
1900–1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
Jackson Township is a suburban community that is sparsely populated, with most residents owning their homes.
The 2010 United States Census counted 54,856 people, 19,417 households, and 15,048.175 families in the township. The population density was 552.7 per square mile (213.4/km2). There were 20,342 housing units at an average density of 205.0 per square mile (79.2/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 88.90% (48,765) White, 4.86% (2,664) Black or African American, 0.10% (57) Native American, 2.95% (1,616) Asian, 0.03% (18) Pacific Islander, 1.27% (696) from other races, and 1.90% (1,040) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.83% (4,295) of the population.
The 19,417 households accounted 35.2% with children under the age of 18 living with them; 63.8% were married couples living together; 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the township, the population age was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 94.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $86,327 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,941) and the median family income was $96,171 (+/- $2,734). Males had a median income of $68,985 (+/- $4,126) versus $45,714 (+/- $2,238) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,521 (+/- $912). About 2.8% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 42,816 people, 14,176 households, and 11,269 families residing in the township. The population density was 427.9 people per square mile (165.2/km²). There were 14,640 housing units at an average density of 146.3 per square mile (56.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 91.26% White, 3.90% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.78% of the population.
There were 14,176 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.5% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the township the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $65,218, and the median income for a family was $71,045. Males had a median income of $51,276 versus $33,882 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,981. About 2.5% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.
Orthodox Jewish community
Since 2016, the Orthodox Jewish population has been growing in central and eastern Jackson Township, along the border with Lakewood Township, due to the more affordable housing and quieter lifestyle that Jackson Township offers over Lakewood. By 2019, the Orthodox Jewish community had grown to an estimated 1,000 families, out of 23,000 total households, from a limited presence just a few years prior.
A series of pending lawsuits allege that Jackson Township has passed multiple ordinances trying to stymie movement from Lakewood to Jackson. A "no knock" ordinance had been passed by Jackson prohibiting door-to-door solicitation after residents complained of an increase in real estate solicitations. Ordinances were passed that were restrictive to the Orthodox Jewish lifestyle; efforts to open yeshivas in the township, often accompanied by dormitories, were blocked by newly adopted ordinances that restricted new schools and prohibited dormitories. eruvs (symbolic religious enclosures) were determined not to meet building and construction codes after a new ordinance was passed that tightened restrictions on items placed in the public "right-of-way". To address this last concern, the township entered into a preliminary settlement allowing eruvs in some parts of town, and proposed a town-wide solution that was ultimately deemed impractical.
In addition, the United States Department of Justice and the New Jersey Attorney General have opened investigations into whether the township practiced anti-Semitic discrimination, filing multiple subpoenas against township officials. These investigations culminated in May 2020 with a federal lawsuit brought by the Department of Justice against the township, alleging violations of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act and the Fair Housing Act related to the township's new land use laws.
Near Six Flags Great Adventure & Safari is Jackson Premium Outlets, a retail outlet center with 70 stores and a gross leasable area of 285,719 square feet (26,544.2 m2). It opened in 1997 and was expanded in 1998.
The Asbury Park Press provides daily news coverage of the township, as does WOBM-FM radio. The township provides material and commentary to The Jackson Times, which is one of seven weekly papers from Micromedia Publications. In addition, JTOWN Magazine provides news, sports and other local information.
In 2015, the Jackson Little League 12-year-old All-Stars won the state championship, and went on to the Mid-Atlantic Regional final where they lost to Red Land Little League from Pennsylvania who eventually won the U.S. Championship, but fell to the team from Japan in the 2015 Little League World Series.
Jackson Township adopted the Mayor-Council form of government under the Faulkner Act as of July 1, 2006, and is governed by a Mayor and five-member Township Council elected at-large in nonpartisan elections. The township is one of 71 of 565 municipalities statewide governed under this form. Council members serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election in even-numbered years. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office that comes up for election during the same year that two council seats are up for a vote. The Council selects a President and a vice president from among its members. Until 2006, Jackson Township was governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee, whose members were elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. As of June 2011, the Township Council passed an ordinance shifting nonpartisan elections from May to November.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Jackson Township is Michael "Mike" Reina, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022. Township Council members are Council Vice President Alexander Sauickie III (2022), Kenneth J. Bressi (2020), Martin Flemming (2020; appointed to serve an unexpired term) and Andrew Kern (2022), with the position of Council President vacant.
In May 2020, Council President Barry Calogero resigned from office from his term expiring in December 2020.
In January 2020, the Township Council appointed Martin Flemming to fill the seat expiring in December 2020 that became vacant following the resignation of Robert Nixon.
Public safety departments
- Police Department
Jackson Township has its own Police Department which was established in 1946 and which operates out of the Municipal Justice Complex. Chief of Police Matthew D. Kunz.
- Fire Department
Jackson Township has three fire districts and an industrial fire department:
- Station 54 – Jackson Mills Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 4 (Combination Volunteer/Career) Chief Trask O'Hara
- Station 55 – Jackson Township Fire Co. No. 1/Jackson Twp Fire District No. 3 (Combination) Volunteer Chief Timothy Carson
- Station 56 – Cassville Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 2 (Combination Volunteer/Career) Chief Chuck Bunnell 
- Station 57 – Whitesville Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 2 (Combination Volunteer/Career Chief Flemming
- Station 58 – Six Flags Fire Department Chief Brian Chamberlain, Captain Matthew Jordan (Career) 
- Fire Bureau
Jackson Township has 3 Fire Bureaus that enforce the NJ Uniform Fire Safety Act:
Jackson Bureau of Fire Prevention District 2 Fire Official Scott Rauch
Jackson Bureau of Fire Prevention District 4 Fire Official John Burmiester Jr. Fire Inspector Stanley O'Brien Jr.
Jackson Bureau of Fire Safety Fire Districts 3 Fire Official Mike Grossman
- Emergency Medical Services
Currently emergency medical services are provided by the township's first aid squad. Six Flags EMS provides coverage in a mutual aid capacity to County Route 537 throughout the year when requested by Ocean County.
- Squad 22 - Jackson Township EMS (Combination Career/Volunteer) Chief Al Couceiro
- Squad 80 - Six Flags EMS covers EMS calls on park property throughout the year. (Career) - Chief Brian Chamberlain 
Advanced life support E.M.S., (i.e., paramedics or "Mobile Intensive Care Units"), is provided by hospital providers under a statewide system mandated by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. Jackson Township is served primarily by MONOC paramedic units. until April 1, 2020 at 07:00 hrs at which time, MONOC will be out of business and RWJ Mobile Healthcare will assume responsibility for providing ALS service to Jackson Township.
Federal, state and county representation
Jackson Township is located in the 4th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 12th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Jackson Township had been in the 30th state legislative district.
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Hamilton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 12th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Samuel D. Thompson (R, Old Bridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Robert D. Clifton (R, Matawan) and Ronald S. Dancer (R, Plumsted Township).
Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2019[update], Ocean County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and department directorship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Virginia E. Haines (R, 2019, Toms River; Parks and Recreation and Natural Lands), Freeholder Deputy Director John P. Kelly (R, 2019, Eagleswood Township; Law and Public Safety), Gerry P. Little (R, 2021, Surf City; Roads), Gary Quinn (R, 2021, Lacey Township; Human Services and Transportation) and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2020, Toms River; Senior Services and County Operations). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2019, Barnegat Light), Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2019; Toms River) and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2023, Beachwood).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 34,003 registered voters in Jackson Township, of which 7,177 (21.1%) were registered as Democrats, 7,693 (22.6%) were registered as Republicans and 19,108 (56.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 62.0% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 82.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).
In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 62.5% of the vote (16,910 cast), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 34.3% (9,275 votes), and other candidates with 3.2% (856 votes), among the 27,041 cast by the township's voters. In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 55.5% of the vote (13,752 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.3% (10,728 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (279 votes), among the 24,925 ballots cast by the township's 36,446 registered voters (166 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 68.4%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 55.2% of the vote (14,069 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.0% (10,951 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (296 votes), among the 25,480 ballots cast by the township's 34,749 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 58.7% of the vote (12,451 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.9% (8,458 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (185 votes), among the 21,202 ballots cast by the township's 29,329 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 72.3.
In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Republican Kim Guadagno received 62.0% of the vote (9,232 cast), ahead of Democrat Phil Murphy with 36.0% (5,359 votes), and other candidates with 1.9% (288 votes), among the 14,879 cast by the township's voters. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.9% of the vote (11,171 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.4% (3,693 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (259 votes), among the 15,356 ballots cast by the township's 36,215 registered voters (233 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.4%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.8% of the vote (11,564 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 26.7% (4,620 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.3% (737 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (194 votes), among the 17,315 ballots cast by the township's 34,318 registered voters, yielding a 50.5% turnout.
The Jackson School District serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district operates six elementary schools serving grades K-5, two middle schools and two high schools. In January 2015, the Jackson Board of Education voted to implement full-day kindergarten, which was introduced in September 2015. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprising 10 schools, had an enrollment of 8,304 students and 665.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Crawford-Rodriguez Elementary School (674 students; in grades PreK-5), Elms Elementary School (705; PreK-5), Lucy N. Holman Elementary School (549; K-5), Howard C. Johnson Elementary School (463; K-5), Sylvia Rosenauer Elementary School (307; PreK-5), Switlik Elementary School (751; K-5), Carl W. Goetz Middle School (1,129; 6-8), Christa McAuliffe Middle School (845; 6-8), Jackson Liberty High School (1,177; 9-12) and Jackson Memorial High School (1,620; 9-12).
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 312.39 miles (502.74 km) of roadways, of which 201.70 miles (324.60 km) were maintained by the municipality, 101.77 miles (163.78 km) by Ocean County and 8.92 miles (14.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Interstate 195 is a major artery that travels through the northern section of Jackson (it just so happens that Jackson is the only municipality in Ocean County that hosts any interstate). While the expressway travels into Howell and Millstone Townships, it is also a vital link for Six Flags since it grants access to the Garden State Parkway, Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95).
NJ Transit bus service is provided on the 139 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and to Philadelphia on the 317 route. Seasonal service is offered to Great Adventure on routes 308 (from the Port Authority Bus Terminal) and 318 (from Philadelphia).
Ocean Ride local service is provided on the Shopper's Loop route.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Jackson Township include: ((B) denotes that the person was born there.)
- Parker Bohn III (born 1963), professional bowler.
- Deena Nicole Cortese (born 1987), reality television personality who appeared on the MTV reality show Jersey Shore from 2010 to 2015.
- Melvin Cottrell (1929–2002), former mayor of Jackson Township who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1992 until his death.
- Scotty Cranmer (born 1987), BMX rider.
- Rich Gaspari (born 1963), former professional bodybuilder and CEO of Gaspari Nutrition.
- Erin Gleason (born 1977), short track speed skater who competed in three events at the 1998 Winter Olympics.
- Frank B. Holman (c. 1930–2005), former mayor of Jackson Township and New Jersey Republican State chairman.
- Rob Johnson (born 1973), former professional soccer player who played for the MetroStars.
- Vini Lopez (born 1949), drummer who played with the E Street Band.
- Gina Lynn (born 1974), pornographic actress.
- Steve Niles (born 1965), writer of 30 Days of Night. (B)
- Stephen Panasuk (born 1989), quarterback for the Cleveland Gladiators of the Arena Football League.
- Johnny Petraglia (born 1947), professional bowler.
- Anthony Ranaudo (born 1989), pitcher who has played for the Boston Red Sox.
- Anthony Stolarz (born 1994), professional ice hockey goaltender drafted by the Philadelphia Flyers in the 2nd round of the 2012 NHL entry draft who is currently playing for the Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League.
- Stanley Switlik (1890–1981), parachuting pioneer who donated the land that is the site of Switlik Elementary School.
- Tom Tarver, quarterback who played for the Rutgers University Scarlet Knights.
- Matt Thaiss (born 1995), first round pick in the 2016 MLB Draft by the Los Angeles Angels.
- Zakk Wylde (born 1967 as Jeffrey Phillip Wiedlandt), guitarist for Ozzy Osbourne and Black Label Society.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990 , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor, Jackson Township. Accessed May 17, 2020. Click on "Government" tab for links to individual council members.
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Administration, Jackson Township. Accessed May 16, 2020.
- Township Clerk, Jackson Township. Accessed May 16, 2020.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Jackson, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
- Ocean county: 2010 Census Populations, Asbury Park Press. Accessed
- DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Jackson Township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Jackson township Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- QuickFacts for Jackson township, Ocean County, New Jersey; Ocean County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Jackson, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 16, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Jackson, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 16, 2013.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 18, 2012.
- "Pinelands Municipalities", State of New Jersey Pinelands Commission. Accessed January 4, 2019.
- "Pinelands National Reserve / National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior", Library of Congress. Accessed January 4, 2019.
- Reiss, Fraidy. "Feeling adventurous?", Asbury Park Press, March 31, 2007, accessed April 18, 2007. "Elsewhere in the park, Kingda Ka looms 456 feet high. It remains the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world, said park president Kane."
- Mulvaney, Nicole. "Six Flags Great Adventure launches off-road safari adventure in Jackson", NJ.com, May 24, 2013. Accessed March 13, 2017. "Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson previewed its 350-acre safari off-road adventure today, driving members of the press and others through a landscape of 1,200 exotic animals from across the globe.... Following the fall 2012 closing of the drive-through Wild Safari, this major attraction now makes the theme park the largest in the world, park spokeswoman Kristin Siebeneicher said."
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 2, 2015.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 203. Accessed June 18, 2012.
- DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Vista Center CDP, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2012
- GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County – County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- 2006–2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- New Jersey: 2010 – Population and Housing Unit Counts – 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed December 20, 2014.
- O'Donnell, Victoria; and Ippolito, Christopher. Jackson Township, p. 7. Arcadia Publishing, 2012. ISBN 0738592722. Accessed December 20, 2014.
- Benjamin, Dave. "Jackson still working out affordable housing details" Archived February 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Tri-Town News, September 20, 2007. Accessed January 8, 2012. "One item was the Hovbilt project in the Cassville section of Jackson which was approved by the court by way of an affordable housing agreement with the township and the developer in 1999."
- Areas touching Jackson Township, MapIt. Accessed February 24, 2020.
- New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- New Jersey Wildlife Management Areas, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Wildlife. Accessed November 24, 2015.
- Colliers Mills Wildlife Management Area Ocean County – Jackson & Plumsted Townships, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Wildlife. Accessed November 24, 2015.
- Jackson, New Jersey, Sperling's BestPlaces. Accessed December 30, 2016.
- Monthly Weather for Jackson, NJ 08527, Weather.com
- Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Ocean County Municipalities, 1850 – 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 16, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 280, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed December 25, 2012. "Jackson is in the northern part of the county, and contained in 1850, 1,333 inhabitants; in 1860, 1,606; and in 1870, 1,755."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III – 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 – 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Jackson township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Jackson township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
- "NICHE". www.neighborhoodscout.com. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Jackson township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- "Culture Shock over Orthodox Expansion", Asbury Park Press, March 19, 2016. Accessed July 14, 2018.
- Berger, Joseph. "Uneasy Welcome as Ultra-Orthodox Jews Extend Beyond New York", The New York Times, August 2, 2017. Accessed March 18, 2020. "Jersey City, Toms River and Jackson have all passed no-knock ordinances barring such inquiries under the threat of fines or have banned solicitations altogether.... With adequate homes hard to come by in Lakewood, Orthodox and Hasidic families have been buying properties in nearby Toms River and Jackson.... In March, Jackson adopted an ordinance banning school dormitories, which seemed aimed at yeshivas that draw students from afar. Agudath Israel of America, an umbrella group for ultra-Orthodox and Hasidic organizations, filed a federal suit in May arguing that the ordinance violated federal land-use laws intended to protect religious groups against burdensome local restrictions."
- Davis, Mike."Jackson 'outrageously targeted' Orthodox Jews, lawsuit claims", Asbury Park Press, May 20, 2019. Accessed March 18, 2020. "Jackson - The alleged 'outrageous targeting' of Orthodox Jews by the township has brought tensions to new heights, with a new lawsuit claiming local officials have been 'religiously and racially discriminatory.'... Schnall estimated that nearly 1,000 Orthodox Jewish families live in Jackson, with 1,500 children attending private schools in Lakewood next year since there aren't any religious schools for them in Jackson."
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- Jackson Township Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Jackson School District. Accessed May 16, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Kindergarten through twelve in the Jackson Township School District. Composition: The Jackson Township School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Jackson Township."
- About Our District, Jackson School District. Accessed May 17, 2020. "We educate almost 9,000 students in ten schools – six elementary, two middle and two high schools."
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- "PLUS: BOWLING; Bohn Is Named Bowler of the Year", The New York Times, May 7, 2002. Accessed January 8, 2012. "Parker Bohn III of Jackson, N.J., was selected by his fellow professional bowlers as the 2002 Professional Bowlers Association Player of the Year yesterday."
- Jordan, Chris. "MTV Jersey Shore: Jackson cast member Deena Cortese shows off baby bump", Asbury Park Press, July 5, 2018. Accessed May 16, 2020. "Jersey Shore cast member Deena Nicole Cortese, who lives in Jackson, showed off her baby bump in a July 4 Instagram post."
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- Saslow, Eli. "extreme sports / To be an action sports star, leave good sense behind", The Press of Atlantic City, June 21, 2007. Accessed July 31, 2007. "It better slow down, because it's getting too ridiculous, said Scotty Cranmer, a BMX rider from Jackson, N.J."
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- DeSimone, Bonnie. "After Year Of Heartbreak And Loss, Gleason Skates Into Recovery", Chicago Tribune, February 18, 1998. Accessed November 13, 2019. "'I said no,' said the 20-year-old Gleason, a U.S. short-track Olympian from Jackson, N.J. 'No. 1, he's a lot older than me. No. 2, he's my skating hero.'"
- "Holman had hand in many political careers", Ocean County Observer, December 8, 2005. Accessed July 31, 2007. "Holman was a Jackson Township mayor in the 1960s. He became the Ocean County administrator, the state Republican Chairman, executive director of the Republican State Committee and Ocean County Director of Employee Relations."
- Yannis, Alex. "Soccer; For Rutgers, It's On to the Final Four", The New York Times, December 4, 1994. Accessed December 25, 2012. "Johnson's goal was the result of vision and timing, but the junior striker from Jackson, N.J., displayed his remarkable skill on Napolitano's second goal of the game."
- Cahillane, Kevin. "Two Guys Left Behind In the E Street Shuffle", The New York Times, May 1, 2005. Accessed December 25, 2012. "'When I got to the top of the staircase, there was Bruce with the way he looked in those days, with the hair and suspenders with no shirt, playing away,' Mr. Lopez recalled recently as he sipped a can of Budweiser in the kitchen of his house off a dirt road in Jackson."
- Gussow, Mel. "Photographing Celebrities, Even Those of an X-Rated World", The New York Times, July 29, 2003. Accessed January 8, 2012. "Over lunch Ms. Lynn, who is in her late 20s, spoke about her entry into the business. She was born in Puerto Rico and grew up in Jackson, N.J. As a senior in a Catholic high school, she worked as a dancer in a strip club, and that led to her career."
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- "Force finish 2016 signings with QB Panasuk, OL McGuire" Archived 2016-03-24 at the Wayback Machine, Wichita Force, February 17, 2016. Accessed August 3, 2016. "A Jackson, N.J. native, Panasuk attended La Salle University before transferring to Wagner University."
- Schneider, Jerry. "Johnny Petraglia Wins PBA Senior Dayton Classic Achieving Milestone of Winning PBA Titles in Six Decades", Professional Bowlers Association, May 17, 2012. Accessed December 25, 2012. "Johnny Petraglia, Jackson, N.J., one game, 220, $8,000."
- Staff. "Jackson's Ranaudo Gets Win Against Yankees in MLB Debut Performance", Shore News Network, August 2, 2014. Accessed January 25, 2015. "Jackson Township native and former Holbrook Little Leaguer Anthony Ranaudo had an impressive outing on the mound for the Boston Red Sox on Friday night, defeating his childhood heroes, the New York Yankees 4-3."
- Miller, Randy. "Flyers goalie prospect Anthony Stolarz grew up in Jackson loving Martin Brodeur", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, July 10, 2014, updated February 9, 2015. Accessed June 1, 2015. "Somewhere in the home of the Flyers' top goalie prospect is an old photo from when Anthony Stolarz was 17 months old and sitting on his father's shoulders.... Growing up in Jackson, the Devils were his team."
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- Badders, Bob. "Donovan Catholic Hires Former Manalapan Coach, Rutgers QB Tom Tarver as Head Coach", Shore News Network, February 24, 2016. Accessed November 8, 2017. "Tarver was a star quarterback for Jackson Memorial as a three-year starter during the 1984–1986 seasons. He went 32–7 as a starter for the Jaguars, including leading Jackson to an 8–1 record and the No. 1 ranking in the Shore Conference in 1985."
- Zedalis, Joe. "Could former Jackson Memorial star Matt Thaiss get MLB at-bats with Angels in 2017?", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, March 21, 2017. Accessed September 4, 2017.
- LaGorce, Tammy. "MUSIC; Thor, With an Electric Hammer", The New York Times, November 27, 2005. Accessed October 6, 2007. "But the frustrating part for Zakk Wylde – born in Jersey City, raised in Jackson and possessed of a gift for heavy-metal noise that regularly earns him the cover of any magazine with guitar in its title – is that the six-string inner circle rarely widens."
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