Jackson-Gwilt Medal

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Jackson-Gwilt Medal
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The Jackson-Gwilt Medal is an award that has been issued by the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) since 1897. The original criteria were for the invention, improvement, or development of astronomical instrumentation or techniques; for achievement in observational astronomy; or for achievement in research into the history of astronomy. From 2017 onwards, the history of astronomy category has been removed and transferred to a new award, the Agnes Mary Clerke Medal.[1]

The frequency of the medal has varied over time. Initially it was irregular, with gaps of between three and five years between awards. From 1968 onwards it was awarded regularly every three years; from 2004 every two years; and since 2008 it has been awarded every year.

The award is named after Hannah Jackson née Gwilt. She was a niece of Joseph Gwilt (an architect and Fellow of the RAS) and daughter of George Gwilt (another Fellow); Hannah donated the original funds for the medal.[2] It is the second oldest award issued by the RAS, after the Gold Medal.[2]

List of winners[edit]

Source is [3] unless otherwise noted.

Year Winners Reference
1897 Lewis Swift [4]
1902 Thomas David Anderson [3]
1905 John Tebbutt [5]
1909 Philibert Jacques Melotte [3]
1913 Thomas Henry Espinell Compton Espin [6]
1918 Theodore E. R. Phillips [7]
1923 A. Stanley Williams and William Sadler Franks [8]
1928 William Reid and William Herbert Steavenson [9]
1931 Clyde William Tombaugh [10]
1935 Walter Frederick Gale [11]
1938 Frederick J. Hargreaves and Percy Mayow Ryves [12]
1942 Reginald Lawson Waterfield [13]
1946 Harold William Newton [14]
1949 Algernon Montagu Newbegin [15]
1953 John Philip Manning Prentice [16]
1956 Reginald Purdon de Kock [3]
1960 Frank Bateson and Albert F. A. L. Jones [17]
1963 George Eric Deacon Alcock [18]
1968 John Guy Porter [19]
1971 Alan William James Cousins [20]
1974 Geoffrey Perry [21]
1977 Patrick Moore [22]
1980 Roger Griffin [3]
1983 Grote Reber [23]
1986 David Malin [24]
1989 Richard Edwin Hills [25]
1992 Richard Stephenson [26]
1995 Janet Akyüz Mattei [27]
1998 Alexander Boksenberg [28]
2001 John E. Baldwin [29]
2004 Pat Wallace [30]
2006 Keith Taylor [31]
2008 Stephen Shectman [32]
2009 Peter Ade [33]
2010 Craig Mackay [34]
2011 Matt Griffin [35]
2012 Joss Bland-Hawthorn [36][37]
2013 Vikram Dhillon [38][39]
2014 George W. Fraser [40][41]
2015 Allan Chapman [42][43]
2016 Bruce Swinyard [44][45]
2017 Ian Parry [46][47]
2018 Wayne Holland [48]
2019 Anna Scaife [49][50]
2020 Roland Bacon [51]
2021 Floor van Leeuwen [52]
2022 Frank Eisenhauer [53]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Webb, Annette. "Agnes Mary Clerke Medal for Historical Research in Astronomy or Geophysics". www.ras.org.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b Down, Emily. "Jackson-Gwilt Medal". www.ras.org.uk. Royal Astronomical Society. Retrieved 7 September 2017. The Jackson-Gwilt Medal, after the Gold Medal the oldest offered by the Society, derives from a gift by Mrs Hannah Jackson-Gwilt, niece of the well-known architect and former fellow, Joseph Gwilt. She gave the Society a capital sum which was to be used after her death for the award of a medal and a cash prize.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Lists of Medallists, Prize Winners and Lecturers". www.ras.org.uk. Royal Astronomical Society.
  4. ^ "Society Business: Awarded to Lewis Swift, Hannah Jackson (née Gwilt) Gift; Gold Medal, presented to Professor E. E. Barnard, for his discovery of the fifth satellite of Jupiter, his celestial photographs, and other astronomical work". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 57: 207. 1987 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  5. ^ Turner, H. H. (1905-02-10). "Annual General Meeting". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 65 (4): 321–322. doi:10.1093/mnras/65.4.321. ISSN 0035-8711.
  6. ^ "Society Business: Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift, the , awarded to the Rev. T. E. Espin for his observations of the spectra of stars and his discovery of Nova Lacertæ Publications of the Society; Gold Medal of the Society, the, awarded to M. Henri Alexandre Deslandres for his investigations of solar phenomena and other spectroscopic work". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 73: 201. 1913 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  7. ^ MacMahon, P. A. (1918-02-08). "Annual General Meeting". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 78 (4): 231–232. doi:10.1093/mnras/78.4.231. ISSN 0035-8711.
  8. ^ "Addresses delivered by the President On Presenting the Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift to Mr. A. Stanley Williams for his Work on Planets and Variable Stars, and to Mr. W. S. Franks for his Work on Star Colours and Observations of Double Stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 83 (8): 428–431. 1923-06-08. doi:10.1093/mnras/83.8.428. ISSN 0035-8711.
  9. ^ Blagg, Mary A. (1928). "Discussion of some further Observations of β Lyrœ". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 88 (3): 162–175. doi:10.1093/mnras/88.3.162. ISSN 0035-8711.
  10. ^ "Society Business: Candidates proposed; Presents announced; Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift, awarded to Mr. Clyde W. Tombaugh for his discovery of the trans-Neptunian planet Pluto; Gold Medal of the Society awarded to Professor W. de Sitter, for his theoritical investigations on the orbits of the satellites of Jupiter and his contributions to the theory of relativity". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 91: 258. 1931 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  11. ^ Eddington, A. S. (1935). "On "Relativistic Degeneracy."". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 95 (3): 194–194. doi:10.1093/mnras/95.3.194. ISSN 0035-8711.
  12. ^ "Society Business: Presents announced; Gold Medal of the Society, The, awarded to Dr. William Hammond Wright for his studies of the spectra of gaseous nebul{\ae} and of nov{\ae} and for his work on the photography of planets in light of different colours; Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift, The : Awarded to Mr. F. J. Hargreaves for his contributions to astronomy; Stillhamer Bequest (``A. G. Stillhamer Trust); Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift, The : Awarded to Mr. P. M. Ryves for his observations of variable stars and other astronomical work; Candidates proposed". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 98: 174 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  13. ^ Chapman, S. (1942-04-01). "1942 April 10 Annual General Meeting". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 102 (2): 41–43. doi:10.1093/mnras/102.2.41. ISSN 0035-8711.
  14. ^ Jones, H. S. (1946-02-01). "Additional Meeting of 1946 January 14". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 106 (1): 1–5. doi:10.1093/mnras/106.1.1. ISSN 0035-8711.
  15. ^ "Society Business: The Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift awarded to Mr Algernon Montagu Newbegin for his observations of solar phenomena during the past forty years; The Gold Medal of the Society awarded to Professor Sydney Chapman for his contributions to geophysics and solar physics, and particularly to the theory of geomagnetic phenomena; Presents announced". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 109: 2. 1949 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  16. ^ "Society Business: Junior Members elected; Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift, Announcement of award to Mr. J. P. M. Prentice; Gold Medal, Announcement of award to Professor S. Chandrasekhar; Presents announced; Eddington Medal, Announcement of award to Canon Georges Lemaître". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 113: 2 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  17. ^ "The award of the Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift jointly to Mr F. M. Bateson and Mr A. F. A. L. Jones (address)". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 1: 27. 1960. Bibcode:1960QJRAS...1...27.
  18. ^ "Award of Jackson-Gwilt Medal to G. E. D. Alcock (address)". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 4: 183. 1963 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  19. ^ "Award of Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift to John Guy Porter (address)". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 9: 279 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  20. ^ "A. W. J. Cousins received the Jackson-Gwilt Medal". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 12: 139. 1971.
  21. ^ "G. Perry received the Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Gift of the Royal Astronomical Society". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 15: 222–223. 1974.
  22. ^ May, Alex; Longair, Malcolm (2019). "Sir Patrick Alfred Caldwell-Moore. 4 March 1923—9 December 2012". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 67: 143–152. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2019.0029. ISSN 0080-4606.
  23. ^ "Grote Reber, Radio Astronomy Pioneer, Dies". National Radio Astronomy Observatory Press Release: 15. 2002.
  24. ^ Davies, R D (1987). "Jackson Gwilt Medal to Malin, David 1987MAY8". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 28: 429.
  25. ^ "Hannah Jackson Nee Gwilt Medal to Hills 1989FEB10". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 30(3): 291. 1989.
  26. ^ "Hannah Jackson Nee Gwilt Medal - Stephenson, F.R. - 1992APR10". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 33: 307. 1992.
  27. ^ "Address of the President (Dr. C. Jordan) on the presentation of the Jackson-Gwilt Medal to Dr. J. A. Mattei on Friday 1996 March 8". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 37: 279. 1996 – via SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  28. ^ Williams, D. (1998-08-01). "Prof. Alec Boksenberg, CBE, FRS: Jackson Gwilt Medal". Astronomy & Geophysics. 39 (4): 4.7–a–4.7. doi:10.1093/astrog/39.4.4.7-a. ISSN 1366-8781.
  29. ^ Weiss, N. (2001-08-01). "Prof. J E Baldwin: Jackson Gwilt Medal and Gift". Astronomy & Geophysics. 42 (4): 4.6–a–4.6. doi:10.1093/astrog/42.4.4.6-a. ISSN 1366-8781.
  30. ^ "Appointments and awards". Astronomy & Geophysics. 45 (4): 4.5–a–4.5. 2004-08-01. doi:10.1093/astrog/45.4.4.5-a. ISSN 1366-8781.
  31. ^ "IPS Medal". Astronomy & Geophysics. 47 (1): 1.38–b–1.38. 2006-02-01. doi:10.1093/astrog/47.1.1.38-b. ISSN 1366-8781.
  32. ^ "Society News: RAS Awards 2007; Prof. Joseph Silk; Prof. Brian Kennett; Prof. Max Pettini; Dr Stephen Shectman". Astronomy & Geophysics. 49 (1): 1.35–1.35. 2008. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2008.49135_4.x. ISSN 1366-8781.
  33. ^ "Fowler Prize for Astronomy: Dr Sarah Bridle; Fowler Prize for Geophysics: Dr David Tsiklauri; The Jackson-Gwilt Medal: Prof. Peter Ade; Award for Service: Prof. Sir Arnold Wolfendale". Astronomy & Geophysics. 50 (1): 1.35–1.35. 2009. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2009.50134_5.x.
  34. ^ "RAS Awards 2010". Astronomy & Geophysics. 51 (1): 1.37–1.37. 2010. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2010.51137.x.
  35. ^ "RAS Awards 2011". Astronomy & Geophysics. 52 (1): 1.45–1.45. 2011. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2011.52145.x.
  36. ^ "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicists". Royal Astronomical Society. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  37. ^ "RAS Awards 2012". Astronomy & Geophysics. 53 (1): 1.36–1.36. 2012. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2012.53136.x.
  38. ^ "2013 winners of the RAS awards, medals and prizes". Royal Astronomical Society. 10 January 2013. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  39. ^ "RAS Awards 2013". Astronomy & Geophysics. 54 (1): 1.37–1.38. 2013-02-01. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/ats042. ISSN 1366-8781.
  40. ^ "Winners of the 2014 awards, medals and prizes - full details". Royal Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  41. ^ "RAS Awards 2014". Astronomy & Geophysics. 55 (1): 1.37–1.38. 2014-02-01. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atu040. ISSN 1366-8781.
  42. ^ "2015 winners of the RAS awards, medals and prizes". Royal Astronomical Society. 9 January 2015. Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  43. ^ "Letter to the Editor: Dr Allan Chapman awarded the RAS Jackson-Gwilt Medal". Journal of the British Astronomical Association. 125(1): 55. 2015.
  44. ^ "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicist". RAS. 8 January 2015. Archived from the original on 20 July 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  45. ^ "RAS Awards 2016". Astronomy & Geophysics. 57 (1): 1.14–1.16. 2016. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atw035. ISSN 1366-8781.
  46. ^ Hollis, Morgan. "Winners of the 2017 awards, medals and prizes - full details". www.ras.org.uk. Royal Astronomical Society. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  47. ^ "RAS Awards 2017". Astronomy & Geophysics. 58 (1): 1.8–1.10. 2017. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atx017. ISSN 1366-8781.
  48. ^ "RAS Awards 2018". Astronomy & Geophysics. 59 (1): 1.10–1.12. 2018-02-01. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/aty034. ISSN 1366-8781.
  49. ^ "Citation for the 2019 RAS Jackson-‐Gwilt Medal:Professor Anna Scaife" (PDF). ras.ac.uk. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  50. ^ "RAS Awards 2019". Astronomy & Geophysics. 60 (1): 1.11–1.13. 2019-02-01. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atz038. ISSN 1366-8781.
  51. ^ RAS staff (2020-02-01). "RAS Awards 2020". Astronomy & Geophysics. 61 (1): 1.9–1.10. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/ataa004. ISSN 1366-8781.
  52. ^ RAS staff; Bowler, Sue (2021-02-01). "RAS Awards 2021". Astronomy & Geophysics. 62 (1): 1.10–1.11. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atab036. ISSN 1366-8781.
  53. ^ Bowler, Sue, ed. (2022-02-01). "RAS Awards 2022". Astronomy & Geophysics. 63 (1): 1.9–1.10. doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atac004. ISSN 1366-8781.