Jackson Avenue (IRT White Plains Road Line)

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Jackson Avenue
NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Jackson Av IRT WHP plat jeh.JPG
Northbound platform
Station statistics
Address Jackson Avenue & Westchester Avenue
Bronx, NY 10455
Borough The Bronx
Locale Melrose
Coordinates 40°48′59″N 73°54′29″W / 40.8163°N 73.908°W / 40.8163; -73.908Coordinates: 40°48′59″N 73°54′29″W / 40.8163°N 73.908°W / 40.8163; -73.908
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT White Plains Road Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction (all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: Bx4, Bx4A
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened November 26, 1904; 112 years ago (1904-11-26) (3rd Ave. Line; Bergen Avenue By-pass)
July 10, 1905; 111 years ago (1905-07-10) (White Plains Rd. Line)
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 1,731,638[1]Decrease 1.2%
Rank 277 out of 425
Station succession
Next north Prospect Avenue: 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction
Next south Third Avenue – 149th Street: 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction
143rd Street (Third Ave elevated; demolished)
Jackson Avenue Subway Station (IRT)
JACKSON AVENUE (BRONX) ELEVATED STATION. - Interborough Rapid Transit Subway (Original Line), New York, New York County, NY HAER NY,31-NEYO,86-50.tif
HABS image of the northbound station house and staircase at 152nd Street.
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 04001025[2]
Added to NRHP September 17, 2004

Jackson Avenue is a local station on the IRT White Plains Road Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Jackson and Westchester Avenues in Melrose, Bronx, it is served by the 2 train at all times, and the 5 train at all other times except during late nights and rush hours in the peak direction.

History[edit]

Track layout
to Prospect Av
to 3 Av–149 St

The first contract for the construction of a subway in New York, Contract 1, was executed on February 21, 1900, between the Board of Rapid Transit Railroad Commissioners and the Rapid Transit Construction Company, organized by John B. McDonald and funded by August Belmont, for the construction of the subway and a 50-year operating lease from the opening of the line. Contract 1 called for the construction of a line from City Hall north to Kingsbridge and a branch under Lenox Avenue and to Bronx Park.[3]

The initial segment of the IRT White Plains Road Line opened on November 26, 1904 between East 180th Street and this station. Initially, trains on the line were served by elevated trains from the IRT Second Avenue Line and the IRT Third Avenue Line, with a connection running from the Third Avenue local tracks at Third Avenue and 149th Street to Westchester Avenue and Eagle Avenue. Once the connection to the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened on July 10, 1905, trains from the newly opened IRT subway ran via the line.[4][5][6] Elevated service via this connection was resumed on October 1, 1907 when Second Avenue locals were extended to Freeman Street during rush hours.[5]

On July 1, 1917, a new connection between the White Plains Road Line and the Third Avenue el express tracks was opened as part of the Dual Contracts expansion of the Third Avenue Line, and since it ran via Bergen Avenue and bypassed the 149th Street station, it was called the Bergen Avenue cutoff or bypass. The Bergen Avenue cutoff was abandoned on November 5, 1946, as part of the gradual curtailment of elevated service on the IRT Third Avenue Line.[5] The cutoff was removed in 1950.

On June 13, 1949, the platform extensions at this station, as well as those on White Plains Road Line stations north to 177th Street, opened. The platforms were lengthened to 514 feet to allow full ten-car express trains to platform. Previously the stations could only platform six car local trains.[7]

Station layout[edit]

P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward Flatbush Avenue (Third Avenue–149th Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg toward Flatbush Avenue weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (Third Avenue–149th Street)
Peak-direction express NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg does not stop here (rush hours only) →
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward 241st Street (Prospect Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg toward Dyre Avenue (Prospect Avenue)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
M Mezzanine Station agent, MetroCard vending machines, fare control
G Street Level Exit / Entrance

This station has three tracks and two side platforms.[8] The center express track is used by the 5 train during rush hours in the peak direction.[9] West of this station, the elevated structure widens with room for two more tracks, where the connection to the Third Avenue Line was located. These tracks diverged, with the connection to the Third Avenue local tracks going via Westchester Avenue, and the connection to the Third Avenue express tracks, the Bergen Avenue bypass going south via Bergen Avenue. Beyond the vestiges of the old connections, the line curves west and enters the tunnel into Third Avenue – 149th Street. Because this station is near the tunnel portal, it is closer to the ground than the other elevated stations further north on the line.[5][10]

Both platforms have beige windscreens with green outlines and red canopies with green support frames and columns in the center and lime green, waist-high, steel fences at either ends. The station signs are in the standard black with white lettering.[11]

This station has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since September 17, 2004.[12] The 2009 artwork here is called Latin American Stories by George Crespo. It consists of four stained glass panels on the windscreens of each platform and two sets of window niches on each station house. They depict images from six Latin American stories, including How Fire Came to the Rain Forest and The King That Tried to Touch the Moon from the Lesser Antilles.[13]

Exits[edit]

Both sides have an elevated station house adjacent to and towards the rear of their respective platforms and there are no crossovers or crossunders. On the Manhattan-bound side, doors from the platform lead to a small waiting area, where a turnstile bank provides entrance/exit from the station. Outside of fare control, there is a token booth and two sets of doors leading to two staircases facing in opposite directions that go down to the west side of Westchester Avenue. The platform has two exit-only turnstiles, each of which leads to either street staircase, to allow passengers to exit the station without having to go through the station house.[11][14][15]

The station house on the northbound platform is unstaffed. Four doors lead to a waiting area where two High Entry/Exit Turnstiles and one exit-only turnstile provide access to/from the station. Outside fare control, a set of doors lead to balcony where two double-flight, twisting staircases go down to the northeast corner of Westchester and Jackson Avenues. The platform has one exit-only turnstile leading to the staircase balcony.[11][14][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  2. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 12, 2011. 
  3. ^ James Blaine Walker, Fifty Years of Rapid Transit, 1864-1917, published 1918, pp. 139-161
  4. ^ "DISCUSS SUBWAY SIGNS IN 18TH ST. STATION; Engineer Parsons and Mr. Hedley Inspect Advertising Scheme. BRONX VIADUCT WORKS WELL Delays There Only Those of Newness -Lenox Avenue Service Makes Fuss Below Ninety-sixth Street.". Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d Kahn, Alan Paul (1973-01-01). Tracks of New York /. New York : Electric Railroaders' Association. 
  6. ^ "SUBWAY TRAINS RUNNING FROM BRONX TO BATTERY; West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight. START WITHOUT A HITCH Bowling Green Station Also Opened -- Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter.". Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  7. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. 
  8. ^ Marrero, Robert (2017-01-01). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  9. ^ "5 Subway Timetable, Effective November 7, 2016" (PDF). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Map & Profile of Rapid Transit Railroad New York City 1904". nycsubway.org. Rapid Transit Subway Construction Company. September 23, 1904. Retrieved September 4, 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c "Jackson Avenue (4)-The SubwayNut". www.subwaynut.com. Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  12. ^ Jackson Avenue Subway Station (IRT); (NRHP)
  13. ^ "MTA - Arts & Design | Jackson Avenue George Crespo Latin American Stories, 2009". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  14. ^ a b "www.nycsubway.org: IRT White Plains Road Line". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  15. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Grand Concourse / Yankee Stadium" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 

External links[edit]