Jackson County, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jackson County
Jackson County Courthouse
Jackson County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°35′38″N 91°11′37″W / 35.593888888889°N 91.193611111111°W / 35.593888888889; -91.193611111111
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedNovember 5, 1829
Named forAndrew Jackson
SeatNewport
Largest cityNewport
Area
 • Total642 sq mi (1,660 km2)
 • Land634 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water7.6 sq mi (20 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total16,755
 • Density26/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.jacksoncountyar.org

Jackson County is located in the Arkansas Delta in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for Andrew Jackson, a national hero during the War of 1812. By the county's formation in 1829, Jackson had become the seventh President of the United States. Jackson County is home to seven incorporated towns and four incorporated cities, including Newport, the largest city and county seat. The county is also the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns. Occupying 633.94 square miles (164,190 ha), Jackson County is the 41st largest county of the 75 in Arkansas. As of the 2020 Census, the county's population was 16,755.[1] Based on population, the county is the 44th-largest county in Arkansas.[2] Although terrain rises in the west, most of Jackson County is within the Arkansas Delta, characterized by largely flat terrain with fertile soils. Historically covered in forest, bayous and swamps, the area was cleared for agriculture by early settlers. It is drained by the White River.

Although no Interstate highways are located in Jackson County, two United States highways (U.S. Route 67 (US 67) and US 167) and fifteen Arkansas state highways run in the county. A Union Pacific Railroad line also crosses the county.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 642 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 634 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830333
18401,540362.5%
18503,086100.4%
186010,493240.0%
18707,268−30.7%
188010,87749.7%
189015,17939.6%
190018,38321.1%
191023,50127.8%
192025,4468.3%
193027,9439.8%
194026,427−5.4%
195025,912−1.9%
196022,843−11.8%
197020,452−10.5%
198021,6465.8%
199018,944−12.5%
200018,418−2.8%
201017,997−2.3%
202016,755−6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010[9]
Age pyramid Jackson County[10]

2020 census[edit]

Jackson County racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 12,754 76.12%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,764 16.5%
Native American 43 0.26%
Asian 63 0.38%
Pacific Islander 4 0.02%
Other/Mixed 666 3.97%
Hispanic or Latino 461 2.75%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 16,755 people, 6,137 households, and 3,758 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 18,418 people, 6,971 households, and 4,830 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 7,956 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.57% White, 17.56% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,971 households, out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.20% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,081, and the median income for a family was $32,661. Males had a median income of $26,744 versus $17,830 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,564. About 13.20% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.


Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Grimes Unit and the McPherson Unit, prisons of the Arkansas Department of Correction, are located in Newport, off of Arkansas Highway 384, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of central Newport.[13] The prison houses the state's death row for women.[14] The Jackson County Sheriff's Office is the primary county-wide law enforcement agency.

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Jackson County, Arkansas[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,593 70.58% 1,365 26.81% 133 2.61%
2016 3,267 63.36% 1,583 30.70% 306 5.93%
2012 3,072 57.45% 2,095 39.18% 180 3.37%
2008 3,118 55.86% 2,207 39.54% 257 4.60%
2004 2,624 42.19% 3,515 56.52% 80 1.29%
2000 2,280 37.55% 3,651 60.13% 141 2.32%
1996 1,525 23.46% 4,304 66.22% 671 10.32%
1992 1,864 24.77% 4,944 65.71% 716 9.52%
1988 3,049 41.90% 4,199 57.71% 28 0.38%
1984 3,901 48.88% 4,038 50.60% 42 0.53%
1980 3,191 39.49% 4,651 57.55% 239 2.96%
1976 1,783 21.64% 6,456 78.36% 0 0.00%
1972 4,196 66.73% 2,092 33.27% 0 0.00%
1968 1,356 19.56% 2,051 29.59% 3,525 50.85%
1964 2,141 31.36% 4,651 68.12% 36 0.53%
1960 1,986 38.50% 2,860 55.44% 313 6.07%
1956 1,323 26.14% 3,699 73.09% 39 0.77%
1952 1,516 25.62% 4,401 74.38% 0 0.00%
1948 338 10.34% 2,696 82.45% 236 7.22%
1944 414 15.15% 2,318 84.85% 0 0.00%
1940 382 14.54% 2,223 84.59% 23 0.88%
1936 327 13.19% 2,151 86.77% 1 0.04%
1932 193 7.09% 2,521 92.58% 9 0.33%
1928 698 31.24% 1,527 68.35% 9 0.40%
1924 392 25.44% 1,069 69.37% 80 5.19%
1920 1,131 40.34% 1,575 56.17% 98 3.50%
1916 476 26.05% 1,351 73.95% 0 0.00%
1912 543 31.94% 837 49.24% 320 18.82%
1908 864 42.39% 1,055 51.77% 119 5.84%
1904 677 47.28% 746 52.09% 9 0.63%
1900 598 36.05% 1,050 63.29% 11 0.66%
1896 588 26.95% 1,585 72.64% 9 0.41%

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Jackson County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Jackson County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [16][17]

Source:[18]

Government and politics[edit]

Jackson County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell, a real estate businessman from Wynne in Cross County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Jackson County, Arkansas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ General Highway Map - Jackson County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map) (December 28, 2011 ed.). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  9. ^ "QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. April 23, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "Grimes Unit/McPherson Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on November 22, 2010.
  14. ^ Haddigan, Michael. "They Kill Women, Don't They?" Arkansas Times. April 9, 1999. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  15. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  16. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Jackson County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  17. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  18. ^ "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014. {{cite web}}: External link in |work= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°35′38″N 91°11′37″W / 35.59389°N 91.19361°W / 35.59389; -91.19361