Jackson County, South Dakota

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Jackson County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Jackson County
Location in the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded 1915
Seat Kadoka
Largest community Wanblee
Area
 • Total 1,871 sq mi (4,846 km2)
 • Land 1,864 sq mi (4,828 km2)
 • Water 7.4 sq mi (19 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 3,321
 • Density 1.6/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Footnotes: Washabaugh County was merged into Jackson County in 1983
An unusual specimen of calcite, densely intergrown with grains of sand. Collected from Rattlesnake Butte in Jackson County. Size: 6.9 x 5.4 x 3.9 cm.

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,031.[1] Its county seat is Kadoka.[2] The county was created in 1883 and organized in 1915.[3] Washabaugh County was merged into Jackson County in 1983.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,871 square miles (4,850 km2), of which 1,864 square miles (4,830 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5] About 57 percent of its land, the portion south of the White River, is on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The county includes the easternmost portion of Badlands National Park.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 2,472
1930 2,636 6.6%
1940 1,955 −25.8%
1950 1,768 −9.6%
1960 1,985 12.3%
1970 1,531 −22.9%
1980 3,437 124.5%
1990 2,811 −18.2%
2000 2,930 4.2%
2010 3,031 3.4%
Est. 2015 3,321 [6] 9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,930 people, 945 households, and 675 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,173 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.07% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 47.85% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 0.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 945 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.73.

In the county, the population was spread out with 36.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 20.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,945, and the median income for a family was $25,161. Males had a median income of $22,460 versus $17,895 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,981. About 29.50% of families and 36.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.10% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,031 people, 996 households, and 703 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 1.6 inhabitants per square mile (0.62/km2). There were 1,193 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.23/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 52.0% American Indian, 42.7% white, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 20.7% were German, 12.3% were Irish, 10.1% were Norwegian, 5.7% were English, and 0.2% were American.[14]

Of the 996 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.65. The median age was 31.5 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,354 and the median income for a family was $41,838. Males had a median income of $32,377 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,568. About 20.6% of families and 30.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county has five organized townships:

  • Grandview II
  • Interior
  • Jewett
  • Wall
  • Weta

Unorganized territories[edit]

The county contains four areas of unorganized territory:

  • East Jackson
  • Northwest Jackson
  • Southeast Jackson
  • Southwest Jackson

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  4. ^ John H. Long, Editor (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Newberry Library. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 

Coordinates: 43°42′N 101°38′W / 43.70°N 101.64°W / 43.70; -101.64