Jackson County, South Dakota

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Jackson County, South Dakota
MinuteManMissileNatlHistoricSiteSign.jpg
Map of South Dakota highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1883 (created)
1915 (organized)
SeatKadoka
Largest communityWanblee
Area
 • Total1,871 sq mi (4,846 km2)
 • Land1,864 sq mi (4,828 km2)
 • Water7.4 sq mi (19 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)3,307
 • Density1.76/sq mi (0.68/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Footnotes: Washabaugh County was merged into Jackson County in 1983
An unusual specimen of calcite, densely intergrown with grains of sand. Collected from Rattlesnake Butte in Jackson County. Size: 6.9 x 5.4 x 3.9 cm.

Jackson County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,031.[1] Its county seat is Kadoka.[2] The county was created in 1883, and was organized in 1915.[3] Washabaugh County was merged into Jackson County in 1983.[4]

Geography[edit]

The terrain of Jackson County consists of mountains rising from rolling hills. The ground is arid and carved with drainages. The White River flows eastward, cutting a meandering channel through the central part.[5] The terrain generally slopes to the NE; its highest point is a ridge near the SW corner, at 3,274' (998m) ASL.[6]

Jackson County has a total area of 1,871 square miles (4,850 km2), of which 1,864 square miles (4,830 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (0.4%) is water.[7] About 57 percent of its land, the portion south of White River, is on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The county includes the easternmost portion of Badlands National Park.

Badlands National Park near Interior

The eastern portion of South Dakota's counties (48 of 66) observe Central Time; the western counties (18 of 66) observe Mountain Time. Jackson County is the easternmost of the SD counties to observe Mountain Time.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Kadoka Lake
  • Wanblee Lake

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19202,472
19302,6366.6%
19401,955−25.8%
19501,768−9.6%
19601,98512.3%
19701,531−22.9%
19803,437124.5%
19902,811−18.2%
20002,9304.2%
20103,0313.4%
Est. 20183,307[9]9.1%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[14] there were 2,930 people, 945 households, and 675 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,173 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.07% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 47.85% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 0.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 945 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.73.

The county population contained 36.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 20.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,945, and the median income for a family was $25,161. Males had a median income of $22,460 versus $17,895 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,981. About 29.50% of families and 36.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.10% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,031 people, 996 households, and 703 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 1.6 inhabitants per square mile (0.62/km2). There were 1,193 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.23/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 52.0% American Indian, 42.7% white, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 20.7% were German, 12.3% were Irish, 10.1% were Norwegian, 5.7% were English, and 0.2% were American.[17]

Of the 996 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.65. The median age was 31.5 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,354 and the median income for a family was $41,838. Males had a median income of $32,377 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,568. About 20.6% of families and 30.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[5][edit]

{{div col|colwidth=33em

Townships[edit]

  • Grandview II
  • Interior
  • Jewett
  • Wall
  • Weta

Unorganized territories[edit]

  • East Jackson
  • Northwest Jackson
  • Southeast Jackson
  • Southwest Jackson

Politics[edit]

Jackson County voters have been reliably Republican for decades. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 65.9% 722 29.5% 323 4.6% 50
2012 59.8% 661 38.5% 426 1.7% 19
2008 59.0% 668 38.4% 435 2.7% 30
2004 57.1% 726 40.0% 508 2.9% 37
2000 66.1% 687 30.7% 319 3.3% 34
1996 55.3% 646 36.2% 423 8.6% 100
1992 53.7% 627 30.1% 351 16.3% 190
1988 58.8% 671 39.4% 450 1.8% 20
1984 70.8% 903 28.6% 365 0.6% 7
1980 68.7% 929 26.2% 354 5.1% 69
1976 61.5% 532 36.2% 313 2.3% 20
1972 68.7% 581 30.9% 261 0.5% 4
1968 56.8% 480 31.6% 267 11.6% 98
1964 48.3% 448 51.7% 480
1960 61.4% 581 38.7% 366
1956 54.6% 490 45.4% 408
1952 70.5% 607 29.5% 254
1948 56.4% 432 41.9% 321 1.7% 13
1944 61.5% 340 38.5% 213
1940 58.8% 620 41.2% 435
1936 43.6% 481 53.7% 593 2.7% 30
1932 37.1% 499 60.4% 812 2.5% 33
1928 62.6% 704 37.1% 417 0.3% 3
1924 56.9% 583 19.0% 194 24.1% 247
1920 70.6% 595 24.4% 206 5.0% 42
1916 49.4% 283 48.7% 279 1.9% 11

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  4. ^ John H. Long, Editor (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Newberry Library. Archived from the original on November 13, 2007. Retrieved July 18, 2008.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ a b c d Jackson County SD Google Maps (accessed 4 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 4 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  8. ^ Map of Time Zone Line through South Dakota (accessed 30 January 2019)
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 43°42′N 101°38′W / 43.70°N 101.64°W / 43.70; -101.64