Jackson County, Tennessee

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Jackson County, Tennessee
Jackson-county-courthouse-tn2.jpg
Jackson County Courthouse in Gainesboro
Map of Tennessee highlighting Jackson County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1801
Named for Andrew Jackson[1]
Seat Gainesboro
Largest town Gainesboro
Area
 • Total 320 sq mi (829 km2)
 • Land 308 sq mi (798 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 3.5%
Population
 • (2010) 11,638
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.jacksoncotn.com

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. The population was 11,638 at the 2010 census, with an estimate of 11,509 in 2015.[2] Its county seat is Gainesboro.[3]

Jackson is part of the Cookeville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Jackson County was created by an act of the Tennessee General Assembly on November 6, 1801. It was the eighteenth county established in the state. It was formed from part of Smith County plus Indian lands. The name honors Andrew Jackson, who by 1801 had already served as a U.S. Congressman and Senator from Tennessee, a Tennessee Supreme Court justice, and a colonel in the Tennessee militia. He would be more widely known later as commander at the Battle of New Orleans and as the seventh President of the U.S.[4]

In the 1790s, an Army outpost named Fort Blount was built 10 miles (16 km) west of Gainesboro on the Cumberland River, in what is now western Jackson County. Fort Blount was an important stop for travelers on Avery's Trace. Williamsburg, a town developed around the fort, served as the Jackson County seat from 1807 to 1819.[5]

The county's early records were all lost in a disastrous courthouse fire on August 14, 1872.[6]

Geography[edit]

Cummins Falls

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 320 square miles (830 km2), of which 308 square miles (800 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (3.5%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • The Boils Wildlife Management Area
  • Cummins Falls State Park
  • Cordell Hull Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Washmorgan Hollow State Natural Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 5,401
1820 7,593 40.6%
1830 9,698 27.7%
1840 12,872 32.7%
1850 15,673 21.8%
1860 11,725 −25.2%
1870 12,583 7.3%
1880 12,008 −4.6%
1890 13,325 11.0%
1900 15,039 12.9%
1910 15,036 0.0%
1920 14,955 −0.5%
1930 13,589 −9.1%
1940 15,082 11.0%
1950 12,348 −18.1%
1960 9,233 −25.2%
1970 8,141 −11.8%
1980 9,398 15.4%
1990 9,297 −1.1%
2000 10,984 18.1%
2010 11,638 6.0%
Est. 2016 11,566 [8] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid for Jackson County[13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 10,984 people, 4,466 households, and 3,139 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 5,163 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.63% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,466 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,502, and the median income for a family was $32,088. Males had a median income of $24,759 versus $19,511 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,020. About 15.10% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 72.5% 3,236 25.3% 1,129 2.3% 101
2012 57.0% 2,383 41.6% 1,739 1.5% 62
2008 48.5% 2,185 49.4% 2,224 2.0% 92
2004 40.1% 2,026 59.3% 2,998 0.6% 32
2000 29.1% 1,384 69.5% 3,304 1.4% 66
1996 22.7% 944 69.4% 2,889 7.9% 328
1992 16.6% 708 75.3% 3,208 8.0% 342
1988 37.2% 1,168 62.4% 1,962 0.5% 14
1984 34.4% 1,544 64.5% 2,894 1.1% 48
1980 28.2% 995 70.2% 2,480 1.7% 60
1976 16.6% 591 82.9% 2,959 0.5% 19
1972 46.0% 956 52.2% 1,085 1.8% 38
1968 24.9% 673 41.5% 1,122 33.6% 908
1964 19.4% 551 80.6% 2,291
1960 39.8% 1,049 58.4% 1,539 1.8% 48
1956 33.1% 881 65.6% 1,743 1.3% 35
1952 40.3% 1,138 59.6% 1,686 0.1% 3
1948 24.5% 536 68.7% 1,502 6.8% 149
1944 32.9% 695 66.6% 1,407 0.6% 12
1940 22.7% 605 76.9% 2,046 0.3% 9
1936 19.8% 422 80.0% 1,702 0.2% 4
1932 12.9% 256 86.9% 1,726 0.2% 4
1928 42.2% 614 56.8% 827 1.0% 15
1924 24.6% 354 74.7% 1,074 0.7% 10
1920 52.0% 1,187 48.0% 1,097
1916 33.0% 740 67.1% 1,506
1912 31.8% 743 57.5% 1,344 10.7% 251

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moldon Tayse, "Jackson County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 167. 
  5. ^ Benjamin Nance, Fort Blount. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2002. Retrieved: 5 February 2010.
  6. ^ Jackson Historical Society, Jackson County Family History Book, 1996. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°22′N 85°40′W / 36.36°N 85.67°W / 36.36; -85.67