Jackson Township, New Jersey
A Place for All Seasons
|Incorporated||March 6, 1844|
|Named for||Andrew Jackson|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (mayor–council)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Michael Reina (term ends December 31, 2026)|
|• Administrator||Terence Wall|
|• Municipal clerk||Janice Kisty|
|• Total||100.55 sq mi (260.43 km2)|
|• Land||99.17 sq mi (256.86 km2)|
|• Water||1.38 sq mi (3.57 km2) 1.37%|
|• Rank||4th of 565 in state|
1st of 33 in county
|Elevation||118 ft (36 m)|
|• Rank||29th of 565 in state|
4th of 33 in county
|• Density||590.3/sq mi (227.9/km2)|
|• Rank||433rd of 565 in state|
26th of 33 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882079|
Jackson Township is a township in Ocean County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. A portion of the township is located within the New Jersey Pine Barrens. As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 58,544, an increase of 3,688 (+6.7%) from the 2010 census count of 54,856, which in turn reflected an increase of 12,040 (+28.1%) from the 42,816 counted in the 2000 census.
Roughly equidistant between New York City and Philadelphia, along with being in close proximity to the State Capital of Trenton and the Jersey Shore on I-195, Jackson has rapidly grown as an outer-ring suburb of New York within the New York metropolitan area. Jackson is also a regional commercial hub of Central Jersey, as it is the site of the Jackson Premium Outlets and Six Flags Great Adventure (the second-largest theme park in the world after Disney's Animal Kingdom in Central Florida). Jackson is also home to both Six Flags Hurricane Harbor and the 350-acre (140 ha) Safari Off Road Adventure, which replaced Six Flags Wild Safari in 2013, and Adventure Crossing a mixed-use entertainment complex that opened in 2023.
Jackson Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1844, from portions of Dover Township (now Toms River Township), Freehold Township and Upper Freehold Township, while the area was still part of Monmouth County. The township was named for president Andrew Jackson, a year before his death. It became part of the newly created Ocean County on February 15, 1850. Portions of the township were taken to form Plumsted Township on March 11, 1845.
On July 1, 1974, under the direction of New York based entrepreneur Warner LeRoy, Six Flags Great Adventure amusement park opened in Jackson Township. It first opened to the public as simply Great Adventure in 1974, it was later acquired by the larger Six Flags brand in 1977. To accommodate for the rise in tourism in the township, in 1997 Simon Property Group opened Jackson Premium Outlets, an open-air outlet power center.
Adventure Crossing opened in January 2023, located between Jackson Premium Outlets and Six Flags Great Adventure. The mixed-use complex features fast-food restaurants, a gas station, and a family entertainment complex (with a 100,000 sq ft (9,300 m2) sports bubble that has 42 Top Golf bays, axe throwing, virtual reality rides, and additional restaurants and bars). When completed, the complex will also have a surf pool, turf fields, luxury apartments, Hilton hotels, conference centers, a medical arts facility, and other mixed-use amenities for business, lifestyle, healthcare, and leisure.
On April 1, 2023, two separate tornadoes rated EF-2 on the Enhanced Fujita scale struck Jackson Township, with winds of up to 120 miles per hour (190 km/h). The first tornado struck western sections of the township near County Route 537 (Monmouth Road), inflicting significant damage to the Adventure Crossing USA mixed-use complex (causing the 100,000 sq ft (9,300 m2) sports bubble to actually collapse), a newly built warehouse development, and several homes. The second tornado struck near the border with neighboring Howell Township near the Aldrich Road area. The National Weather Service confirmed that the path of the tornado was 50 yards (46 m) wide and 1.4 miles (2.3 km) long. Both of these tornadoes were some of the strongest recorded to have hit the state, and were part of four separate powerful tornadoes that had impacted the state in the outbreak.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 100.55 square miles (260.43 km2), including 99.17 square miles (256.86 km2) of land and 1.38 square miles (3.57 km2) of water (1.37%). Jackson is the largest municipality by area in Ocean County.
Vista Center (with a 2010 population of 2,095) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Jackson Township. Other unincorporated communities, localities and populated places located completely or partially within the township include Archers Corner, Bennetts Mills, Burksville, Butterfly Bridge, Cassville, Colliers Mills, DeBow Corner, Francis Mills, Grayville, Harmony, Holmansville, Holmeson, Hyson, Jackson Mills, Kapps Corner, Leesville, Legler, Maryland, Midwood, New Prospect, Pleasant Grove, Prospertown, Ridgeway State Forest, Success, The Alligator, Van Hiseville, Webbsville, Whitesbridge and Whitesville.
The township borders Lakewood Township, Manchester Township, Plumsted Township and Toms River Township in Ocean County; and Freehold Township, Howell Township, Millstone Township and Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County.
Colliers Mills Wildlife Management Area is a 12,906.63-acre (5,223.13 ha) wildlife management area located within portions of both Jackson Township and Plumsted Township operated by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Division of Fish and Wildlife. Several man-made lakes are located within the township, including Success Lake in the Colliers Mills Wildlife Management Area.
The climate of central New Jersey is in the transition zone from the humid subtropical climate (Cfa) of the southeast US and humid continental (Dfa) to the north. Jackson Township, New Jersey, gets 45 inches (1,100 mm) of rain per year. Snowfall is 23 inches (580 mm) inches and the number of days with any measurable precipitation is 115. On average, there are 206 sunny days per year in Jackson. The July high is around 86 degrees and the January low is 23. The comfort index is 45 out of 100.
|Climate data for Jackson Township, New Jersey|
|Average high °F (°C)||41
|Average low °F (°C)||22
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.92
|Population sources: 1850–2000|
1850 1870 1880–1890
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
Jackson Township is a suburban community that is sparsely populated, with most residents owning their homes.
The 2010 United States census counted 54,856 people, 19,417 households, and 15,048 families in the township. The population density was 552.7 per square mile (213.4/km2). There were 20,342 housing units at an average density of 205.0 per square mile (79.2/km2). The racial makeup was 88.90% (48,765) White, 4.86% (2,664) Black or African American, 0.10% (57) Native American, 2.95% (1,616) Asian, 0.03% (18) Pacific Islander, 1.27% (696) from other races, and 1.90% (1,040) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.83% (4,295) of the population.
Of the 19,417 households, 35.2% had children under the age of 18; 63.8% were married couples living together; 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 22.5% were non-families. Of all households, 18.2% were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.21.
24.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 94.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $86,327 (with a margin of error of +/− $2,941) and the median family income was $96,171 (+/− $2,734). Males had a median income of $68,985 (+/− $4,126) versus $45,714 (+/− $2,238) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,521 (+/− $912). About 2.8% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States census there were 42,816 people, 14,176 households, and 11,269 families residing in the township. The population density was 427.9 inhabitants per square mile (165.2/km2). There were 14,640 housing units at an average density of 146.3 per square mile (56.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.26% White, 3.90% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.78% of the population.
There were 14,176 households, out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.5% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the township the population was spread out, with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $65,218, and the median income for a family was $71,045. Males had a median income of $51,276 versus $33,882 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,981. About 2.5% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.
Orthodox Jewish community
Since 2016, the Orthodox Jewish population has been growing in central and eastern Jackson Township, along the border with Lakewood Township, due to the more affordable housing and quieter lifestyle that Jackson Township offers over Lakewood. By 2020, the Orthodox Jewish community had grown to approximately 500 families, out of 19,400 total households, from a limited presence just a few years prior.
A series of pending lawsuits allege that Jackson Township has passed multiple ordinances trying to stymie movement from Lakewood to Jackson. A "no knock" ordinance had been passed by Jackson prohibiting door-to-door solicitation after residents complained of an increase in real estate solicitations. Ordinances were passed that were restrictive to the Orthodox Jewish lifestyle; efforts to open yeshivas in the township, often accompanied by dormitories, were blocked by newly adopted ordinances that restricted new schools and prohibited dormitories. Eruvs (symbolic religious enclosures) were determined not to meet building and construction codes after a new ordinance was passed that tightened restrictions on items placed in the public "right-of-way". To address this last concern, the township entered into a preliminary settlement allowing eruvs in some parts of town, and proposed a town-wide solution that was ultimately deemed impractical.
In addition, the United States Department of Justice and the New Jersey Attorney General have opened investigations into whether the township practiced anti-Semitic discrimination, filing multiple subpoenas against township officials. These investigations culminated in May 2020 with a federal lawsuit brought by the Department of Justice against the township, alleging violations of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act and the Fair Housing Act related to the township's new land use laws.
The Jackson Premium Outlets is an open-air outlet power center owned by the Simon Property Group. It is located off of I-195, CR 537, and CR 526/CR 571. The facility opened in 1997 and was expanded in 1998. The outlets are located roughly 2.5 miles (4.0 km) away from the Six Flags Great Adventure amusement park. The retail outlet center offers over 70 stores and has a gross leasable area of 285,719 square feet (26,544.2 m2).
The Asbury Park Press provides daily news coverage of the township, as does WOBM-FM radio. The township provides material and commentary to The Jackson Times, which is one of seven weekly papers from Micromedia Publications. In addition, JTOWN Magazine provides news, sports and other local information.
In 2015, the Jackson Little League 12-year-old All-Stars won the state championship, and went on to the Mid-Atlantic Regional final where they lost to Red Land Little League from Pennsylvania who eventually won the U.S. Championship, but fell to the team from Japan in the 2015 Little League World Series.
Jackson Township adopted the Mayor-Council form of government under the Faulkner Act as of July 1, 2006. The township is one of 71 (of the 564) municipalities statewide governed under this form. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the five-member Township Council, who are elected at-large on a non-partisan basis. Council members serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election in even-numbered years as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office that comes up for election during the same year that two council seats are up for a vote. The Council selects a President and a vice president from among its members. Until 2006, Jackson Township was governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee, whose members were elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. In June 2011, the Township Council passed an ordinance shifting nonpartisan elections from May to November.
As of 2023[update], the Mayor of Jackson Township is Michael Reina, whose term of office ends December 31, 2026. Township Council members are Council President Stephen M. Chisholm Jr. (2024), Council Vice President Nino Anthony Borrelli (2024), Mordechai Burnstein (2024; appointed to serve an unexpired term), Jennifer Kuhn (2026) and Scott Sargent (2026). 
Mordechai Burnstein, president of the Jackson Republican Club and planning board member, was appointed to the township council in November 2023, replacing former councilman Martin Flemming III, who resigned the previous month.
In May 2020, Council President Barry Calogero resigned from office from his term expiring in December 2020.
In January 2020, the Township Council appointed Martin Flemming III to fill the seat expiring in December 2020 that became vacant following the resignation of Robert Nixon. Flemming resigned from the council in October 2023.
Federal, state and county representation
For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 4th congressional district is represented by Chris Smith (R, Manchester Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).
For the 2022–2023 session, the 12th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Samuel D. Thompson (D, Old Bridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Robert D. Clifton (R, Matawan) and Alex Sauickie (R, Jackson Township).
Ocean County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a director and a deputy director from among its members. As of 2023[update], Ocean County's Commissioners (with party affiliation, term-end year and residence) are: Commissioner Director John P. Kelly (R, 2025, Eagleswood Township), Commissioner Deputy Director Virginia E. Haines (R, 2025, Toms River), Barbara Jo Crea (R, 2024, Little Egg Harbor Township) Gary Quinn (R, 2024, Lacey Township) and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2023, Toms River).
Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are: Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2025, Barnegat Light), Sheriff Michael G. Mastronardy (R, 2025; Toms River) and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2023, Beachwood).
As of March 2011, there were a total of 34,003 registered voters in Jackson Township, of which 7,177 (21.1%) were registered as Democrats, 7,693 (22.6%) were registered as Republicans and 19,108 (56.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 62.0% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 82.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).
In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 62.5% of the vote (16,910 cast), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 34.3% (9,275 votes), and other candidates with 3.2% (856 votes), among the 27,041 cast by the township's voters. In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 55.5% of the vote (13,752 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.3% (10,728 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (279 votes), among the 24,925 ballots cast by the township's 36,446 registered voters (166 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 68.4%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 55.2% of the vote (14,069 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.0% (10,951 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (296 votes), among the 25,480 ballots cast by the township's 34,749 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 58.7% of the vote (12,451 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.9% (8,458 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (185 votes), among the 21,202 ballots cast by the township's 29,329 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 72.3.
In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Republican Kim Guadagno received 62.0% of the vote (9,232 cast), ahead of Democrat Phil Murphy with 36.0% (5,359 votes), and other candidates with 1.9% (288 votes), among the 14,879 cast by the township's voters. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.9% of the vote (11,171 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.4% (3,693 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (259 votes), among the 15,356 ballots cast by the township's 36,215 registered voters (233 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.4%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.8% of the vote (11,564 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 26.7% (4,620 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.3% (737 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (194 votes), among the 17,315 ballots cast by the township's 34,318 registered voters, yielding a 50.5% turnout.
The Jackson School District serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district operates six elementary schools serving grades K–5, two middle schools and two high schools. In January 2015, the Jackson Board of Education voted to implement full-day kindergarten, which was introduced in September 2015. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of 10 schools, had an enrollment of 8,304 students and 665.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Crawford-Rodriguez Elementary School (674 students; in grades Pre-K–5), Elms Elementary School (705; Pre-K–5), Lucy N. Holman Elementary School (549; K–5), Howard C. Johnson Elementary School (463; K–5), Sylvia Rosenauer Elementary School (307; Pre-K–5), Switlik Elementary School (751; K–5), Carl W. Goetz Middle School (1,129; 6–8), Christa McAuliffe Middle School (845; 6–8), Jackson Liberty High School (1,177; 9–12) and Jackson Memorial High School (1,620; 9–12).
Mother Seton Academy, a Catholic School for grades Pre-K–8, which operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton, is in nearby Howell Township. It formed in 2019 by the merger of St. Aloysius and St. Veronica schools; the former was in Jackson and the latter was in Howell.
The Cassville Crossroads Historic District is a 0.5-acre (0.20 ha) historic district located in the community of Cassville, at the junction of CR 571 and CR 528, in Jackson. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 26, 1982 for its significance in agriculture, architecture, art, commerce and religion. It includes nine contributing buildings and one contributing structure.
Art & Kathys Kitchen
Cassville Fire Station
Public safety departments
- Police Department
Jackson Township has its own Police Department which was established in 1946 and which operates out of the Municipal Justice Complex. The Chief of Police is Matthew D. Kunz.
- Fire Department
Jackson Township has three fire districts and an industrial fire department:
- Station 54 – Jackson Mills Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 4 (combination volunteer / career) Chief Trask O'Hara
- Station 55 – Jackson Township Fire Co. No. 1/Jackson Twp Fire District No. 3 (combination) Chief Timothy Carson
- Station 56 – Cassville Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 2 (combination volunteer/career) Chief John Poppe Jr.
- Station 57 – Whitesville Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 2 (combination volunteer/career) Chief Flemming
- Station 58 – Six Flags Great Adventure Fire Department (career)
- Fire Bureau
Jackson Township has 3 Fire Bureaus that enforce the NJ Uniform Fire Safety Act:
Jackson Bureau of Fire Prevention District 2 Fire Official Scott Rauch
Jackson Bureau of Fire Prevention District 4 Fire Official Stanley O'Brien Jr.
Jackson Bureau of Fire Safety Fire Districts 3 Fire Official Mike Grossman
- Emergency Medical Services
Currently emergency medical services are provided by the township's first aid squad.
- Squad 22 – Jackson Township EMS (Combination Career/Volunteer) Chief Al Couceiro
- Squad 80 – Six Flags Great Adventure EMS (Career)
Advanced life support E.M.S., (i.e., paramedics or "Mobile Intensive Care Units"), is provided by hospital providers under a statewide system mandated by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. Jackson Township is served primarily by MONOC paramedic units. until April 1, 2020, at 07:00 hrs at which time, MONOC will be out of business and RWJ Mobile Healthcare will assume responsibility for providing ALS service to Jackson Township.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 312.39 miles (502.74 km) of roadways, of which 201.70 miles (324.60 km) were maintained by the municipality, 101.77 miles (163.78 km) by Ocean County and 8.92 miles (14.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Interstate 195 is a major artery that travels through the northern section of Jackson (Jackson is the only municipality in Ocean County that hosts any interstate). While the expressway travels into Howell and Millstone Townships, it is also a vital link for Six Flags since it provides direct connections to the Garden State Parkway, New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) and Interstate 295.
The Monmouth Ocean Middlesex Line a proposed NJ Transit project which would connect Monmouth, Ocean and Middlesex counties to the rest of the system's rail network. Jackson township would be a potential stop for the 'MOM' Line.
As of 2021[update], NJ Transit provides Jackson bus service on the 317 line between Philadelphia and the Jersey Shore, and seasonal express service on the 308 line between Great Adventure and Midtown Manhattan's Port Authority Bus Terminal. Nearby Howell connects to Port Authority with frequent service on the 139 line and its 130, 132, 136 variants, and connects to Newark Liberty Airport on the 67 line. Nearby Lakewood also connects to Toms River and Atlantic City on the 559 line.
Weekly trips to local shopping centers can be reserved on the "Jackson Flex Route" of the Ocean Ride Shoppers Loop.
Jackson Township is served by CentraState Healthcare System. Located in neighboring Freehold Township, the 287-bed hospital is a partner of Atlantic Health System and is affiliated with Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. CentraState Healthcare system provides additional healthcare services through its various family practices in communities across central New Jersey. One of those family practices has an office located in Jackson Township.
The next closest hospitals to the township are the Hamilton Division of Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital in nearby Hamilton, Monmouth Medical Center's Southern Campus in nearby Lakewood, and Jersey Shore University Medical Center in nearby Neptune.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Jackson Township include: ((B) denotes that the person was born there.)
- Cassidy Benintente (born 1994), defender and midfielder for Sky Blue FC of the National Women's Soccer League
- Parker Bohn III (born 1963), professional bowler
- Elijah Boothe, actor best known for his role in Luke Cage
- Deena Nicole Cortese (born 1987), reality television personality who appeared on the MTV reality show Jersey Shore from 2010 to 2012
- Melvin Cottrell (1929–2002), former mayor of Jackson Township who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1992 until his death
- Scotty Cranmer (born 1987), BMX rider
- Joey DeZart (born 1998), professional soccer player who plays as a midfielder for Orlando City in Major League Soccer
- Rich Gaspari (born 1963), former professional bodybuilder and CEO of Gaspari Nutrition
- Erin Gleason (born 1977), short track speed skater who competed in three events at the 1998 Winter Olympics
- Frank B. Holman (c. 1930–2005), former mayor of Jackson Township and New Jersey Republican State chairman
- Rob Johnson (born 1973), former professional soccer player who played for the MetroStars
- Vini Lopez (born 1949), drummer who played with the E Street Band
- Gina Lynn (born 1974), pornographic actress
- Steve Niles (born 1965), writer of 30 Days of Night (B)
- Stephen Panasuk (born 1989), quarterback for the Cleveland Gladiators of the Arena Football League
- Johnny Petraglia (born 1947), professional bowler
- Anthony Ranaudo (born 1989), pitcher who has played for the Boston Red Sox
- Anthony Stolarz (born 1994), goaltender for the Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League
- Stanley Switlik (1890–1981), parachuting pioneer who donated the land that is the site of Switlik Elementary School
- Tom Tarver, quarterback who played for the Rutgers University Scarlet Knights
- Matt Thaiss (born 1995), first round pick in the 2016 MLB Draft by the Los Angeles Angels
- Zakk Wylde (born 1967 as Jeffrey Phillip Wiedlandt), guitarist for Ozzy Osbourne and Black Label Society
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor, Jackson Township. Accessed July 13, 2022.
- 2023 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, updated February 8, 2023. Accessed February 10, 2023.
- Administration, Jackson Township. Accessed July 13, 2022.
- Township Clerk, Jackson Township. Accessed July 13, 2022.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Jackson, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
- QuickFacts Jackson township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 15, 2023.
- Total Population: Census 2010 - Census 2020 New Jersey Municipalities, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 1, 2022.
- Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022, United States Census Bureau, released May 2023. Accessed May 18, 2023.
- Population Density by County and Municipality: New Jersey, 2020 and 2021, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2023.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Jackson, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 16, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Jackson, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 16, 2013.
- U.S. Census website, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- "Pinelands Municipalities", State of New Jersey Pinelands Commission. Accessed January 4, 2019.
- "Pinelands National Reserve / National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior", Library of Congress. Accessed January 4, 2019.
- DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Jackson Township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Jackson township Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 1, 2023.
- Capuzzo, Jill P."Living In Jackson Township, N.J.: A Range of Housing With ‘Tremendous Value’", The New York Times, November 25, 2020. Accessed September 17, 2023.
- New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 17, 2023.
- Snibbe, Kurt (June 11, 2016). "A close-up look at Shanghai Disneyland: the newest Disney Park". Orange County Register. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- Mulvaney, Nicole. "Six Flags Great Adventure launches off-road safari adventure in Jackson", NJ.com, May 24, 2013. Accessed March 13, 2017. "Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson previewed its 350-acre safari off-road adventure today, driving members of the press and others through a landscape of 1,200 exotic animals from across the globe.... Following the fall 2012 closing of the drive-through Wild Safari, this major attraction now makes the theme park the largest in the world, park spokeswoman Kristin Siebeneicher said."
- "An inside look: Massive entertainment venue Adventure Crossing USA in Jackson", news 12 New Jersey, January 23, 2023. Accessed April 21, 2023.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 2, 2015.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 203. Accessed June 18, 2012.
- Reiss, Fraidy. "Feeling adventurous?", Asbury Park Press, March 31, 2007, accessed April 18, 2007. "Elsewhere in the park, Kingda Ka looms 456 feet high. It remains the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world, said park president Kane."
- Wilson, Earl (June 19, 1974). "Coming Soon: Jungle Safaris in Jersey". The Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 17. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
- "Welcome Centers of New Jersey". New Jersey Department of State. Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
- Jackson Premium Outlets brochure. Accessed April 21, 2023.
- Brochure, Adventure Crossing USA. Accessed April 21, 2023.
- Rodas, Steven."One of the nation’s largest sports bubbles collapses in severe N.J. storm", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, April 3, 2023. Accessed April 21, 2023.
- Rickman, Rick."Confirmed tornado in Jackson, NJ destroys warehouse, dome, homes", New Jersey 101.5, April 2, 2023. Accessed April 21, 2023.
- McDaniel, Pat. "Howell Tornado Hit Aldrich Area First In 1.4-Mile Path: Officials", Howell, NJ Patch, April 3, 2023. Accessed April 6, 2023. "The National Weather Service also confirmed that what it referred to as the 'Jackson-Howell' tornado was indeed a category EF-2. It was 150 yards wide and 1.4 miles in length, the weather service said."
- Oglesby, Amanda. "4 tornadoes hit NJ: What we know about damage in Howell, Jackson, Sea Girt, Cinnaminson", Asbury Park Press, April 3, 2023. Accessed April 6, 2023.
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- "Culture Shock over Orthodox Expansion", Asbury Park Press, March 19, 2016. Accessed July 14, 2018.
- "United States of America, Plaintiff, v. Township of Jackson and Jackson Planning Board, Defendants.", United States Department of Justice. Accessed August 26, 2020. "Approximately 500 Orthodox Jewish families live in Jackson Township."
- Berger, Joseph. "Uneasy Welcome as Ultra-Orthodox Jews Extend Beyond New York", The New York Times, August 2, 2017. Accessed March 18, 2020. "Jersey City, Toms River and Jackson have all passed no-knock ordinances barring such inquiries under the threat of fines or have banned solicitations altogether.... With adequate homes hard to come by in Lakewood, Orthodox and Hasidic families have been buying properties in nearby Toms River and Jackson.... In March, Jackson adopted an ordinance banning school dormitories, which seemed aimed at yeshivas that draw students from afar. Agudath Israel of America, an umbrella group for ultra-Orthodox and Hasidic organizations, filed a federal suit in May arguing that the ordinance violated federal land-use laws intended to protect religious groups against burdensome local restrictions."
- Davis, Mike."Jackson 'outrageously targeted' Orthodox Jews, lawsuit claims", Asbury Park Press, May 20, 2019. Accessed March 18, 2020. "Jackson - The alleged 'outrageous targeting' of Orthodox Jews by the township has brought tensions to new heights, with a new lawsuit claiming local officials have been 'religiously and racially discriminatory.'... Schnall estimated that nearly 1,000 Orthodox Jewish families live in Jackson, with 1,500 children attending private schools in Lakewood next year since there aren't any religious schools for them in Jackson."
- "Jackson proposes town-wide eruv but nobody — not even Orthodox Jews — wants it". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
- Bogues, Austin. "Jackson: Justice Department, NJ probe anti-Semitic discrimination claims", Asbury Park Press, December 14, 2017. Accessed April 18, 2020. "Jackson - The U.S. Justice Department and the New Jersey State Attorney General's Office are investigating whether the township has discriminated against Orthodox Jews in land-use issues, according to Township Attorney Joan Cipriani."
- "Jackson eruv, dorm anti-Semitism investigation looks at residents' emails". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- Atmonvage, Joe. "Feds sue N.J. town for allegedly passing restrictions aimed at Orthodox Jewish community", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 20, 2020. Accessed May 22, 2020. "The Department of Justice filed a lawsuit Wednesday against Jackson Township and its planning board, alleging the town enacted zoning ordinances that discriminated against the Orthodox Jewish community by preventing them from opening religious boarding schools in the town. The two ordinances were passed by the township’s council in 2017 and both 'expressly prohibit dormitories throughout Jackson, making it impossible for religious boarding schools to establish in the Township,' according to the complaint."
- "Justice Department Files Lawsuit Against Township of Jackson, New Jersey, and the Township's Planning Board for Zoning Restrictions that Target the Orthodox Jewish Community". www.justice.gov. May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
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- Newman, Josh. "Jackson Little League falls to Red Land at Regional", Asbury Park Press, August 17, 2015. Accessed May 4, 2016.
- Alexander, Dan. "Holbrook Little League of Jackson ends World Series run with 12-2 loss", WOBM-FM, August 23, 2017. Accessed May 16, 2020. "The Holbrook Little League team from Jackson's World Series journey came to an end on Wednesday with a 12-2 loss to the New England team from Fairfield, Conn."
- Benjamin, Dave. "Mayoral candidates vow to put in time job takes; Seda, Giblin, Kafton head down stretch in race for new post" Archived October 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Tri-Town News, April 27, 2006. Accessed October 16, 2013. "When the new mayor-council government comes into existence on July 1, the council members will decide on a salary for the mayor.... According to municipal clerk Ann Marie Eden, the exact wording on the change of government ballot question voters approved in November was, 'Shall the Mayor-Council Plan of Government of the Optional Municipal Charter Law, providing for five council members to be elected at large, with staggered terms, at nonpartisan elections held in May, with plurality rule, with the mayor elected directly by the voters, be adopted by Jackson Township?'"
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- Davis, Mike. "After months of infighting, Jackson Township names new council member once thought unthinkable", Asbury Park Press, November 10, 2023. Accessed November 10, 2023. "Mordechai Burnstein, president of the Jackson Republican Club and planning board member, was appointed to the township council on Tuesday night, replacing former councilman Martin Flemming III, who resigned last month."
- Davis, Mike. "Jackson council president resigns: 'Nothing to do' with coronavirus, National Guard comments", Asbury Park Press, May 6, 2020. Accessed May 16, 2020. "Council President Barry Calogero is resigning from his post effective immediately but says it has 'nothing to do' with his call for the National Guard to enforce stay-at-home orders in Ocean County or backlash he received for comments and government actions critics said targeted the Orthodox Jewish community."
- "Jackson Appoints Lifelong Resident, Business Owner to Fill Vacated Council Seat", Shore News Network, January 3, 2020. Accessed February 24, 2020. "Jackson Township Councilman Ken Bressi nominated multi-generational local small business owner Martin Flemming to serve on the five-member governing body to fill the seat vacated by Robert Nixon, who is at the center of a civil rights lawsuit against the township."
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- Fox, Joey. "Who is N.J.’s most bipartisan member of Congress, really?", New Jersey Globe, July 28, 2022. Accessed March 21, 2023. "As for Republicans, Rep. Chris Smith (R-Manchester) voted with Biden 37% of the time, "
- U.S. Sen. Cory Booker cruises past Republican challenger Rik Mehta in New Jersey, PhillyVoice. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
- Home, sweet home: Bob Menendez back in Hudson County. nj.com. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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- Jackson Township Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Jackson School District. Accessed May 16, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Kindergarten through twelve in the Jackson Township School District. Composition: The Jackson Township School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Jackson Township."
- About Our District, Jackson School District. Accessed May 17, 2020. "We educate almost 9,000 students in ten schools – six elementary, two middle and two high schools."
- Oglesby, Amanda. "Jackson BOE approves full-day kindergarten", Asbury Park Press, January 21, 2015. Accessed March 20, 2015. "Jackson – The township's 5-year-olds will have full-day kindergarten when they start school in September. The Board of Education voted Tuesday evening to change Jackson's kindergarten program from half day to full day."
- District information for Jackson Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
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- "St. Aloysius and St. Veronica Schools announce plans to form new Catholic academy". Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. January 7, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- M.R. Kralik (May 1981). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Cassville Multiple Resource Area". National Park Service. Retrieved September 17, 2023. With accompanying 9 photos from 1981
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- Locations, Jackson Mills Fire (Station 54). Accessed September 12, 2020.
- About, Jackson Fire District No. 3. Accessed September 12, 2020. "Jackson Fire District 3 is a combination fire department that employs 12 firefighters and has about 50 volunteer firefighters. The paid firefighters work a rotating three platoon system from Monday to Friday, 6am to 6pm, and are supervised by a captain and lieutenants."
- History, Cassville Fire Company. Accessed September 12, 2020. "In the year 1939, about a dozen men from the Cassville area decided that it was time to form a Volunteer Fire Company."
- Benjamin, Dave. " Council awards EMS pact; Quality Medical Transport selected for daytime coverage" Archived October 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Tri-Town News, February 14, 2008. Accessed October 16, 2013. "Quality Medical Transport will serve the residents of Jackson during the daytime hours and the Jackson Volunteer First Aid Squad will continue to provide coverage during the evening and overnight hours."
- MONOC Awarded Jackson Bid, MONOC, March 11, 2003. Accessed October 16, 2013.
- Wall, Jeanne. "MONOC Closing: The Nationally Accredited Leader in Mobile Intensive Care Unit (MICU) Services to Shut Down", TAPinto.net, January 24, 2020. Accessed February 16, 2020. "On April 1, 2020, the MONOC MICU program will close and Hackensack Meridian Health, RWJBarnabas Health, and Atlantic Health will assume full operational and administrative responsibility of the program."
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In 1996, routes in the Monmouth, Ocean, and Middlesex (MOM) corridor were evaluated for potential feasibility for passenger service. The feasibility study considered eleven possible future alternatives. Nine of the alternatives were build alternatives for commuter rail service to New York Pennsylvania Station, on three different alignments utilizing either the North Jersey Coast Line (NJCL) or Northeast Corridor (NEC), and routing to New York Pennsylvania Station26.In 2001, NJ TRANSIT initiated a DEIS for the development of a rail option using State and Federal funds. The DEIS is examining three alignments: Lakehurst to Monmouth Junction, Lakehurst to Red Bank and Lakehurst to Matawan. In 2006, the alternatives were refined to incorporate direct, one-seat ride, service to New York Penn Station. Ridership, cost and environmental work were adjusted accordingly. Updating demographics and ridership analyses continued during calendar 2009. Lower-cost versions of the three main build alternatives were analyzed and a draft alternatives analysis report was completed in 2010.
- "Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Monmouth-Ocean-Middlesex Rail; Monmouth, Ocean, and Middlesex Counties, NJ". Federal Register. October 16, 2002.
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- Cassidy Benintente, Rutgers Scarlet Knights women's soccer. Accessed June 28, 2020. "High School: Jackson Liberty; Hometown: Jackson, N.J."
- "Plus: Bowling; Bohn Is Named Bowler of the Year", The New York Times, May 7, 2002. Accessed January 8, 2012. "Parker Bohn III of Jackson, N.J., was selected by his fellow professional bowlers as the 2002 Professional Bowlers Association Player of the Year yesterday."
- Sockol, Matthew. "Jackson actor enjoys role in Luke Cage", CentralJersey.com, October 24, 2016. Accessed January 19, 2022. "With an appearance in the latest collaboration between Netflix and Marvel, the acting career of a Jackson resident is on the rise. Elijah Boothe, 20, a resident of Jackson, can be seen on the Netflix series Luke Cage."
- Jordan, Chris. "MTV Jersey Shore: Jackson cast member Deena Cortese shows off baby bump", Asbury Park Press, July 5, 2018. Accessed May 16, 2020. "Jersey Shore cast member Deena Nicole Cortese, who lives in Jackson, showed off her baby bump in a July 4 Instagram post."
- Rosman, Mark. "Assemblyman recalled for service to people in need" Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, Tri-Town News, October 17, 2002. Accessed May 31, 2010.
- Saslow, Eli. "extreme sports / To be an action sports star, leave good sense behind", The Press of Atlantic City, June 21, 2007. Accessed July 31, 2007. "'It better slow down, because it's getting too ridiculous,' said Scotty Cranmer, a BMX rider from Jackson, N.J."
- Joey DeZart, Wake Forest Demon Deacons men's soccer. Accessed July 25, 2020. "Hometown: Jackson, N.J.... Started his prep career at Jackson Memorial High School, playing just his freshman year with the school's men's soccer team"
- Mayor Reina issues proclamation for Jackson resident Rich Gaspari Archived 2011-05-21 at the Wayback Machine
- DeSimone, Bonnie. "After Year Of Heartbreak And Loss, Gleason Skates Into Recovery", Chicago Tribune, February 18, 1998. Accessed November 13, 2019. "'I said no,' said the 20-year-old Gleason, a U.S. short-track Olympian from Jackson, N.J. 'No. 1, he's a lot older than me. No. 2, he's my skating hero.'"
- "Holman had hand in many political careers", Ocean County Observer, December 8, 2005. Accessed July 31, 2007. "Holman was a Jackson Township mayor in the 1960s. He became the Ocean County administrator, the state Republican Chairman, executive director of the Republican State Committee and Ocean County Director of Employee Relations."
- Yannis, Alex. "Soccer; For Rutgers, It's On to the Final Four", The New York Times, December 4, 1994. Accessed December 25, 2012. "Johnson's goal was the result of vision and timing, but the junior striker from Jackson, N.J., displayed his remarkable skill on Napolitano's second goal of the game."
- Cahillane, Kevin. "Two Guys Left Behind In the E Street Shuffle", The New York Times, May 1, 2005. Accessed July 13, 2022. "'When I got to the top of the staircase, there was Bruce with the way he looked in those days, with the hair and suspenders with no shirt, playing away,' Mr. Lopez recalled recently as he sipped a can of Budweiser in the kitchen of his house off a dirt road in Jackson."
- Gussow, Mel. "Photographing Celebrities, Even Those of an X-Rated World", The New York Times, July 29, 2003. Accessed January 8, 2012. "Over lunch Ms. Lynn, who is in her late 20s, spoke about her entry into the business. She was born in Puerto Rico and grew up in Jackson, N.J. As a senior in a Catholic high school, she worked as a dancer in a strip club, and that led to her career."
- Interview with Steve Niles at Midtown Comics Times Square; YouTube; May 29, 2010
- "Force finish 2016 signings with QB Panasuk, OL McGuire" Archived 2016-03-24 at the Wayback Machine, Wichita Force, February 17, 2016. Accessed August 3, 2016. "A Jackson, N.J. native, Panasuk attended La Salle University before transferring to Wagner University."
- Schneider, Jerry. "Johnny Petraglia Wins PBA Senior Dayton Classic Achieving Milestone of Winning PBA Titles in Six Decades", Professional Bowlers Association, May 17, 2012. Accessed December 25, 2012. "Johnny Petraglia, Jackson, N.J., one game, 220, $8,000."
- Staff. "Jackson's Ranaudo Gets Win Against Yankees in MLB Debut Performance", Shore News Network, August 2, 2014. Accessed January 25, 2015. "Jackson Township native and former Holbrook Little Leaguer Anthony Ranaudo had an impressive outing on the mound for the Boston Red Sox on Friday night, defeating his childhood heroes, the New York Yankees 4-3."
- Miller, Randy. "Flyers goalie prospect Anthony Stolarz grew up in Jackson loving Martin Brodeur", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, July 10, 2014, updated February 9, 2015. Accessed June 1, 2015. "Somewhere in the home of the Flyers' top goalie prospect is an old photo from when Anthony Stolarz was 17 months old and sitting on his father's shoulders.... Growing up in Jackson, the Devils were his team."
- Blackwell, Jon. "1925: The chute that saved 5,000 lives", The Trentonian. Accessed February 3, 2011.
- Badders, Bob. "Donovan Catholic Hires Former Manalapan Coach, Rutgers QB Tom Tarver as Head Coach", Shore News Network, February 24, 2016. Accessed November 8, 2017. "Tarver was a star quarterback for Jackson Memorial as a three-year starter during the 1984–1986 seasons. He went 32–7 as a starter for the Jaguars, including leading Jackson to an 8–1 record and the No. 1 ranking in the Shore Conference in 1985."
- Zedalis, Joe. "Could former Jackson Memorial star Matt Thaiss get MLB at-bats with Angels in 2017?", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, March 21, 2017. Accessed September 4, 2017.
- LaGorce, Tammy. "Music; Thor, With an Electric Hammer", The New York Times, November 27, 2005. Accessed July 13, 2022. "But the frustrating part for Zakk Wylde – born in Jersey City, raised in Jackson and possessed of a gift for heavy-metal noise that regularly earns him the cover of any magazine with guitar in its title – is that the six-string inner circle rarely widens."