|Nickname(s): The Biggest Small Town in Texas|
Location of Jacksonville, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Dick Stone
|• City Manager||Mo Raissi|
|• Total||14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)|
|• Land||14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||522 ft (159 m)|
|• Density||1,031.5/sq mi (397.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||430, 903|
|GNIS feature ID||1374262|
Jacksonville is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,544 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Cherokee County, and part of the larger Tyler–Jacksonville combined statistical area.
Jacksonville is located in an area of rolling hills in East Texas, north of the county seat, Rusk, and south of Tyler, in neighboring Smith County, on U.S. Route 69. The north-south Highway 69 intersects the east-west U.S. Route 79 at the former Landmark Hotel/Restaurant and the Capital One Bank building in downtown Jacksonville.
Area production and shipping of tomatoes gained the town the title "Tomato Capital of the World". The impressive red iron ore rock Tomato Bowl, built by Works Progress Administration workers during the Great Depression, is home to the Jacksonville High School "Fightin' Indians" football and soccer teams. Annual events include the "Tomato Fest" celebration in June and the "Tops in Texas Rodeo" held in July.
- 1 Demographics
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Climate
- 5 Government
- 6 Private colleges and universities
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Lake Jacksonville
- 9 An attempt to unionize meatcutters at Walmart
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,868 people, 4,882 households, and 3,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 981.0 people per square mile (378.7/km2). There were 5,397 housing units at an average density of 381.8 per square mile (147.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.60% White, 21.70% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 12.72% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.04% of the population.
There were 4,882 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the city the age distribution of the population shows 29.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,800, and the median income for a family was $31,176. Males had a median income of $23,650 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,541. About 19.2% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.
Jacksonville began in 1847 as the town of Gum Creek. Jackson Smith built a home and blacksmith shop in the area, and became postmaster in 1848, when a post office was authorized. Shortly afterward, Dr. William Jackson established an office near Smith's shop. When the townsite was laid out in 1850, the name Jacksonville was chosen in honor of these two men. The name of the post office was changed from Gum Creek to Jacksonville in June 1850.
Jacksonville is located a .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.1 square miles (37 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (37 km2) is land and 0.07% is water.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
- On average, the warmest month is July.
- The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1954.
- On average, the coolest month is January.
- The lowest recorded temperature was 5 °F (−15 °C) in 1982.
- The most precipitation on average occurs in May.
According to the city’s most recent Adopted Budget, the city’s various funds had $14.9 million in Revenues, $15.7 million in expenditures, and $4.4 million fund balance.
Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by:
|City Mayor||Dick Stone|
|City Manager||Mo Raissi|
|Assistant City Manager||Patty Crenshaw|
|Director of Finance||Roxanna Martin|
|Fire Chief||Keith Fortner|
|Police Chief||Andrew Hawkes|
|Library Director||Trina Stidham|
|Director of Public Works||Will Cole|
The Jacksonville Public Library has served the City of Jacksonville and Cherokee County for over 70 years. The Library is a member of the Texas Library Association, the Northeast Texas Library System and the Forest Trails Library Consortium.
The Library's collection now contains more than 61,000 physical items, with an annual circulation in 2006 of over 118,000 (including audio/visual materials and public computer usage). More than 75,000 people visited the Library in 2006; approximately 9,500 children attended events presented by the Library. The Library also maintains a Web site that receives over 21,000 visits annually.
The Library's operating hours are: Monday & Thursday, 12:00 noon to 8:00 pm; Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm; and Saturday from 10:00 am top 2:00 pm. The Library is closed on Sundays and most major holidays.
The Library also oversees the Vanishing Texana Museum. The museum houses an exceptional collection of local artifacts dating from prehistoric thru the 1980's. There are four constantly rotating displays relating to local or national events. The Vanishing Texana Museum is located at 302 Bolton Street in Jacksonville and is open from 1:00 - 5:00 on Saturdays.
Public school districts
The City of Jacksonville is served by the Jacksonville Independent School District.
Public high schools
Jacksonville High School (The school mascot is the "Fightin' Indians“).
Private colleges and universities
Jacksonville is also home to the Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary. Both schools are members of the Baptist Missionary Association of America.
Many highways pass through and intersect in Jacksonville: US 69, US 79, US 175, TX 135, TX 204, FM 347, FM 768, FM 2138, and Loop 456. Where 3 railroads once served the Jacksonville area (Southern Pacific and Cotton Belt abandoned their tracks in the mid-1980s), only 1, Union Pacific, remains. Bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines, while pilots of small airplanes can avail themselves of the Cherokee County Airport a few miles south of town. Many shipping and trucking firms can serve area customers, or pass through town to several important points directly from Jacksonville, including, Beaumont, Houston, Austin, Dallas-Fort Worth, Kansas City, Shreveport, and Memphis.
Lake Jacksonville is located three miles (5 km) southwest of Jacksonville. It is the city's primary water source. In addition, it is a popular location for recreation and residences. It was created in 1957 and the city expected it to take years to fill with water from the surrounding creeks. But, with an unusually rainy season, the lake reached full capacity in only a year.
- Lake characteristics
- Location: 3 miles southwest of Jacksonville off US 79
- Surface area: 1,320 acres
- Maximum depth: 62 feet
- Impounded: 1957
An attempt to unionize meatcutters at Walmart
Despite never having organized unions in any Walmart stores before, meatcutters working at the Jacksonville Walmart voted in favor of organizing under the wing of the United Food and Commercial Workers union in February 2000. During a flurry of subsequent legal actions, Walmart discontinued store-level meatcutting and started shipping in pre-packaged/pre-frozen meat to their stores. When all the hearings and appeals were exhausted, it was decided that the local meatcutters didn't embody the characteristics of a group that could bargain since they weren't specialized, while Walmart was found to have engaged in unfair labor practices. Even now, there is no one in the Jacksonville meat department to make special cuts of meat or any union presence there.
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Jacksonville is the hometown of country music singers Al Dexter, Lee Ann Womack, and Neal McCoy. Cleveland Browns quarterback Josh McCown, New Orleans Saints quarterback Luke McCown, former NFL punter Toby Gowin, former New York Jets TE and DE Pete Lammons, Chicago Cubs first baseman Micah Hoffpauir and baseball pitcher Ray Benge. NFL running back Paul Gipson was born in Jacksonville. Actor Alan Tudyk of El Paso, and actress Sandy Duncan, of Henderson, Texas, were graduates of Lon Morris College. Actress Margo Martindale is also originally from Jacksonville. ESPN Sports commentator Craig James was born in Jacksonville.
Travis Clardy is the House of Representatives member for District 11.
Robert Nichols (Texas politician) (born 1944), Texas State Senator, 2007–present. A park and an intermediate school are named for him.
Grady Nutt (1934–1982) was a Christian minister and humorist who resided in Jacksonville for several years. Many of his stories are based on people and places in the Jacksonville area.
V. O. Stamps (1892–1940) was co-founder of the Stamps-Baxter Music Company. He moved to Jacksonville in 1919 to sell gospel songbooks, began the V.O. Stamps Publishing Company in Jacksonville in 1924, and ran the Jacksonville office of the Stamps-Baxter Music Company from its beginning in 1927 until the offices moved to Dallas in 1929.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- 2008-09 Adopted Budget Retrieved 2009-06-10
- City of Jacksonville Retrieved 2009-06-03
- Wal-Mart's "Meat Wars" With Union Sizzles On, HuffingtonPost.com, Al Norman--writer, March 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- UFCW Timeline, Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Wal-Mart Forced to Bargain, Finally, With Texas Meat Cutters, Organic Consumers Association, Mark Gruenberg--author, March 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- "KENDRICK, John Benjamin, (1857 - 1933)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Charles E. Maple". The Shreveport Times and Amarillo Globe-News through findagrave.com. November 26, 2006. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- City of Jacksonville
- Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce
- Jacksonville (Economic) Development
- Jacksonville Progress (newspaper)
- Jacksonville Public Library
- Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary
- Jacksonville College
- Jacksonville Independent School District
- Jacksonville History and Memorabilia
- Jacksonville, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online