Jacksonville International Airport

Coordinates: 30°29′39″N 081°41′16″W / 30.49417°N 81.68778°W / 30.49417; -81.68778
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Jacksonville International Airport
Summary
Airport typeMilitary/Public
Owner/OperatorJacksonville Aviation Authority
ServesJacksonville metropolitan area
Locationwithin Jacksonville city-county limits
OpenedSeptember 1, 1968
(55 years ago)
 (1968-09-01)
Elevation AMSL30 ft / 9 m
Coordinates30°29′39″N 081°41′16″W / 30.49417°N 81.68778°W / 30.49417; -81.68778
Websitehttp://www.flyjax.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Map
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08/26 10,000 3,048 Concrete
14/32 7,701 2,347 Concrete
Statistics (2023/2024)
Aircraft operations (year ending 2/28/2023)99,616
Passengers (calendar year 2024)7,446,084
Based aircraft (2023)72
Sources: FAA,[1] airport website[2][3]

Jacksonville International Airport (IATA: JAX, ICAO: KJAX, FAA LID: JAX) is a civil-military public airport 13 miles (21 km) north of Downtown Jacksonville, in Duval County, Florida. It is owned and operated by the Jacksonville Aviation Authority.

History[edit]

Construction started in 1965 on a new airport to handle travel to nearby naval bases. The new airport was dedicated on September 1, 1968, replacing Imeson Field.[4] Terrain precluded lengthening the runways at Imeson, a necessity with the inception of commercial jet airliners. A new idea at JIA was separating departing and arriving passengers on different sides of the terminal (as can be seen in the photo on this page). This is no longer the case, and the airport (which has greatly expanded since the picture was taken) now uses the more typical layout with departing passengers on an upper level with an elevated roadway, and arriving passengers on the lower level.

The new airport was slow to expand, only serving two million passengers a year by 1982, but it served over five million annually by 1999 and an expansion plan was approved in 2000. The first phase, which included rebuilding the landside terminal, the central square and main concessions area, as well as consolidating the security checkpoints at one location, and more parking capacity was completed in 2004–2005. In 2007, 6,319,016 passengers were processed.

Jacksonville International Airport Concourse C

The second phase of the expansion program[5] was carried out over three years, commencing in mid-2006 and projected to cost about $170 million. Concourses A and C were completely rebuilt; the former concourses have been demolished. Work on Concourse B was given a low priority because the capacities of the rebuilt Concourses A and C were more than adequate for existing demand. The expansion was designed by Reynolds, Smith & Hills (RS&H).[6]

The economic downturn of 2009 caused a decrease in passengers and flights. This led the JAA to commence the demolition of Concourse B in June 2009 because it was safer and easier for the contractor. After the debris was removed, asphalt was laid to provide space for ground equipment parking. The concourse will be rebuilt when passenger traffic increases, which the JAA had originally projected would occur in 2013 but did not materialize.[7][8] A section of the old concourse eventually became part of an airline club lounge which opened in 2019.

Expansion[edit]

In 2018, the airport handled 6,460,253 passengers, breaking the previous record set in 2007.[9] 7,186,639 passengers were handled in 2019.[10] This increase in traffic prompted the JAA to revive the plan to rebuild concourse B.[11] The new concourse could open as early as 2022, providing six additional gates and could be expanded later with six more.[7] The design of concourses A and C also allow them to be extended to accommodate additional gates. In 2019, RS&H and Jacobs Engineering were chosen to perform the design, while Balfour Beatty was selected as the construction manager for the concourse B project.[12] However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic the terminal B expansion project was put on hold again. By 2022 traffic recovered to over 6.5 million passengers annually and the expansion project was restarted, with construction on concourse B expected to commence in summer 2023.[13]

Operations[edit]

Facilities[edit]

The airport covers 7,911 acres (3,201 ha) and has two concrete runways: 08/26, 10,000 x 150 ft (3,048 x 46 m) and 14/32, 7,701 x 150 ft (2,347 x 46 m).[1][14] The terminal at JIA is composed of a baggage claim area, on the first floor and a ticketing area on the second floor, at the front of the structure. Past baggage claim and ticketing is the mezzanine, where shops, restaurants and the security checkpoint are located. Beyond the mezzanine are the airport's Concourses A and C, which include 10 gates each (for a total of 20), along with other shops and restaurants.[15]

The airport also has a Delta Sky Club on Concourse A and a multi-airline passenger club located behind the airside food court.

There are three galleries located off of the main courtyard before the security checkpoint. One features an art exhibit, the second houses a revolving exhibit about a Jacksonville-area landmark or institution, and the third houses a permanent exhibit highlighting the history of aviation in the region.

The airport's two runways form a "V" pattern (with the tip of the "V" pointing west). A plan exists to build two more runways, each paralleling one existing runway. The one alongside the existing southern runway will be built first. No date has been set.

In the year ending February 28, 2023, the airport had 99,616 aircraft operations, an average of 273 per day: 63% scheduled commercial, 19% general aviation, 14% air taxi and 4% military. In February 2023, there were 72 aircraft based at this airport: 3 single-engine, 3 multi-engine, 46 jet and 20 military.[1]

Military facilities[edit]

Concurrent with the closure of Imeson Airport, the 125th Fighter-Interceptor Group (125 FIG) of the Florida Air National Guard (FANG) relocated to Jacksonville International Airport. Military Construction (MILCON) funds provided for the establishment of Jacksonville Air National Guard Base in the southwest quadrant of the airport and placement of USAF-style emergency arresting gear on the JAX runways. Upgraded from group to wing status and redesignated as the 125th Fighter Wing (125 FW) in the early 1990s, the wing is the host unit for Jacksonville ANGB and operates F-15C and F-15D Eagle aircraft. The 125 FW is operationally-gained by the Air Combat Command (ACC).

Jacksonville ANGB is basically a small air force base, albeit without the military housing, military hospital or other infrastructure of major U.S. Air Force installations. The Air National Guard provides a fully equipped USAF Crash Fire Rescue station to augment the airport's own fire department for both on-airport structural fires and aircraft rescue and firefighting (ARFF) purposes. The base employs approximately 300 full-time military personnel (ART and AGR) and 1,000 part-time military personnel who are traditional air national guardsmen.[16]

Jacksonville International Airport Gate A3

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Allegiant Air Cincinnati, Harrisburg (begins June 14, 2024),[17] Indianapolis, Knoxville (begins June 14, 2024),[17] Nashville, Pittsburgh, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Belleville/St. Louis, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Flint,[18] Grand Rapids, Norfolk
[19]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor,[20] Washington–National [21]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, Philadelphia, Washington–National [21]
Breeze Airways Hartford, Las Vegas, New Orleans, Norfolk, Providence,[22] San Diego (begins May 1, 2024)[23]
Seasonal: Columbus–Glenn, Los Angeles, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond
[24]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul [25]
Delta Connection Boston, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia [25]
Frontier Airlines Cleveland (begins May 22, 2024),[26] Dallas/Fort Worth,[27] Philadelphia, San Juan
Seasonal: Denver
[28]
JetBlue Boston, Fort Lauderdale,[29] New York–JFK [30]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Houston–Hobby, Nashville, St. Louis
Seasonal: Austin,[31] Dallas–Love, Washington–National[32]
[33]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul[34]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [35]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [35]
Map

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Tampa
UPS Airlines Albany (GA), Louisville, Miami, San Juan

Statistics[edit]

Passenger traffic[edit]

The 2023 fiscal year (10/1/2022-9/30/2023) set a record for passenger numbers at Jacksonville International Airport. handling 7,306,171 passengers, which was a 14.4% increase from the prior fiscal year.[36]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from JAX (January 2023 – December 2023)[37]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Georgia (U.S. state) Atlanta, Georgia 711,000 Delta, Southwest
2 North Carolina Charlotte, North Carolina 319,000 American
3 Texas Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 256,000 American
4 Maryland Baltimore, Maryland 181,000 Southwest
5 New York (state) New York–JFK, New York 178,000 Delta, JetBlue
6 New Jersey Newark, New Jersey 156,000 United
7 Illinois Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 146,000 American, United
8 New York (state) New York–LaGuardia, New York 146,000 Delta, JetBlue
9 Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 143,000 American, Frontier
10 Florida Miami, Florida 134,000 American

Airline market share[edit]

Largest airlines at JAX
(November 2022 – October 2023)
[38]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 1,663,000 23.35%
2 Delta Air Lines 1,601,000 22.48%
3 Southwest Airlines 1,094,000 15.36%
4 United Airlines 785,000 11.02%
5 JetBlue Airways 608,000 8.54%
Other 1,372,000 19.26%

Ground transportation[edit]

Jacksonville International Airport has direct public transit service to Jacksonville Transportation Authority's bus network. The Route 1[39] bus connects the airport to downtown Jacksonville, with connections to Greyhound Bus Lines and to the Jacksonville Skyway monorail system.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On October 4, 1971, George M. Giffe Jr. hijacked a plane in Nashville, Tennessee, then forced the pilot to fly to Jacksonville, where Giffe killed his wife, the pilot and himself when cornered by the FBI.[40]

On December 6, 1984, Provincetown-Boston Airlines Flight 1039 crashed on takeoff, killing 11 passengers and 2 crew on board. The debris from the Tampa-bound flight burned near Lem Turner Road. The 1986 National Transportation Safety Board report cited elevator trim control system failure, causing separation of the horizontal stabilizer.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Form 5010 for JAX PDF, effective February 22, 2024.
  2. ^ "Jacksonville International Airport". www.flyjax.com. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  3. ^ JACKSONVILLE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TRAFFIC SUMMARY REPORT (PDF) (Report). December 2023.
  4. ^ "Dedication program, Jacksonville International Airport
  5. ^ "Jacksonville International Airport". www.jaa.aero.
  6. ^ "Reynolds, Smith & Hills – Aviation Building Projects". Archived from the original on June 19, 2012.
  7. ^ a b Bauerlein, David (June 4, 2019). "Economy soars, but memories of Great Recession linger in Jacksonville". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  8. ^ Gibbons, Timothy J. (June 22, 2009). "Demolition of JIA's Concourse B brings end of an era". Florida Times-Union.
  9. ^ "JAX Sets New Record for Annual Passenger Traffic" (Press release). Jacksonville Aviation Authority. January 24, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "Enplanements by Airline" (PDF). flyjacksonville.com. Jacksonville Aviation Authority. May 31, 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  11. ^ Burmeister, Caren (March 1, 2019). "With traffic surging Jacksonville International Airport adding 3rd concourse". Jacksonville Daily Record. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  12. ^ Colburn, Allison (May 2, 2019). "JAA selects design team for new concourse". Jacksonville Business Journal. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  13. ^ "The Florida Times-Union".
  14. ^ "JAX airport data at skyvector.com". skyvector.com. Retrieved August 18, 2022.
  15. ^ "Terminal Maps". Jacksonville International Airport. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  16. ^ Pike, John. "125th Fighter Wing [125th FW]". GlobalSecurity.org.
  17. ^ a b "Airline announces new nonstop flight, low fares from Harrisburg to Florida". February 12, 2024.
  18. ^ Newsroom, Mid-Michigan NOW (December 7, 2021). "Flint Bishop Airport announces new routes to Boston and Jacksonville". WEYI. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  19. ^ "Cheap airline tickets, low cost nonstop flights | Route Map".
  20. ^ "American Airlines adding more flights from Phoenix this winter".
  21. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". American Airlines. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  22. ^ "Breeze Airways adds two Florida destinations from T.F. Green. Here's where they're flying". The Providence Journal. July 18, 2023. Retrieved July 18, 2023.
  23. ^ Weisberg, Lori (January 9, 2024). "A new low-cost airline is coming to San Diego and with it five new nonstop destinations". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved January 9, 2024.
  24. ^ "Breeze Airways".
  25. ^ a b "Flight Schedules". Delta Airlines. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  26. ^ "Frontier Airlines Announces Nonstop Service from CLE to 10 Additional Destinations; Summer Daily Departures to Increase 38% Versus a Year Ago".
  27. ^ "Frontier Adding Flights from DFW to Jacksonville, Pittsburg". Retrieved December 15, 2023.
  28. ^ "Route Map". Frontier. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  29. ^ "JetBlue Will Add 30 New Routes, Launch Mint® Service at Newark". JetBlue Airways. June 18, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  30. ^ "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". JebBlue. Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  31. ^ "Southwest Airlines Sep 2023 Network Additions". Aeroroutes. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  32. ^ "March 2023 Flight Schedule". Southwest.com. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  33. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Southwest Airlines. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  34. ^ "Sun Country Announces Service From Minneapolis to Jacksonville, Fla". Jacksonville International Airport. October 19, 2021.
  35. ^ a b "Timetable". United Airlines. Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  36. ^ "JAX Airport Statistics For Fiscal Year2023" (PDF). flyjacksonville.com. Retrieved February 28, 2024.
  37. ^ "Transtats". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved March 28, 2024.
  38. ^ "Jacksonville International". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved January 24, 2024.
  39. ^ "Map - Jacksonville Transportation Authority Schedules and Routes". schedules.jtafla.com. Retrieved December 8, 2022.
  40. ^ Hargrove, Brantley (August 27, 2009). "A Nashville hijacking 38 years ago set the standard on how not to handle hostage negotiations". Nashville Scene. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  41. ^ Freeman, Clayton (May 4, 2019). "Commercial flight crash not Jacksonville's first". Florida Times-Union. Retrieved March 24, 2022.

External links[edit]