The Jacksonville State Gamecocks are composed of 16 teams representing Jacksonville State University in intercollegiate athletics, including men and women's basketball, cross country, rifle, golf, and tennis. Men's sports include baseball and football. Women's sports include volleyball, track and field, soccer, and softball. The Gamecocks compete in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) and are members of the Ohio Valley Conference.
A member of the Ohio Valley Conference, Jacksonville State University sponsors one co-ed, six men's, and nine women's teams in NCAA sanctioned sports:
- Note = Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other.