Jaco Island

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Jaco
View over tropical dry forest to coastal strand vegetation on Jaco Island, Tutuala, Lautem, Timor-Leste.jpg
View over tropical dry forest to coastal strand vegetation on Jaco Island
East Timor map 2.svg
Map of Timor showing Jaco off the eastern (right hand) end of the main island
Geography
LocationSoutheast Asia
Administration
unclaimed

Jaco Island, sometimes spelt Jako, is an unclaimed uninhabited island in the territory of East Timor, a country occupying the eastern end of the island of Timor in the Lesser Sunda Islands in Southeast Asia.

Overview[edit]

View from Jaco Island to the South East to Timor

Jaco lies just off the eastern end of the island of Timor, part of the Tutuala subdistrict in Lautém District, and is separated from the mainland in front of Valu Beach by a 700-metre-wide (2,300-foot) channel navigable by small vessels. It is low lying, with an area of 11 square kilometres (4.2 square miles) and a maximum elevation of about 100 metres (330 feet). It is covered mainly by tropical dry forest, fringed by strand vegetation and sandy beaches. There are some low cliffs on the southern coast.

Climate[edit]

The average annual temperature is roughly 27 °C (81 °F). On average the island receives 1,436 millimetres (56.5 inches) of rain and the north and east coast of the small island is somewhat drier.

Wildlife[edit]

The island supports populations of bar-necked cuckoo-doves, black cuckoo-doves, pink-headed imperial pigeons, streak-breasted honeyeaters, fawn-breasted whistlers, blue-cheeked flowerpeckers, flame-breasted sunbirds and Timor sparrows.[citation needed]

The Javan rusa native deer can also be found on the island and unlike mainland deer, they have become accustomed to drinking salt water due to the lack of freshwater on the island.

Jaco is listed by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International. "BirdLife Data Zone: Jaco Island". Retrieved May 5, 2020.

Coordinates: 8°25′30″S 127°19′30″E / 8.42500°S 127.32500°E / -8.42500; 127.32500