Permanent Waves

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Permanent Waves
Rush Permanent Waves.jpg
Studio album by Rush
Released January 14, 1980[1]
May 6, 1997 (Remastered CD)
Recorded September–October 1979
Studio Le Studio, Morin Heights, Quebec; mixed at Trident Studios, London[2]
Length 35:35
Label Anthem
Producer Rush, Terry Brown
Rush chronology
Permanent Waves
Moving Pictures
(1981)Moving Pictures1981
Singles from Permanent Waves
  1. "The Spirit of Radio"
    Released: December 1979
  2. "Freewill"
    Released: January 1980
  3. "Entre Nous"
    Released: January 1980
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[3]
Rolling Stone (favourable)[4]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 3.5/5 stars[5]

Permanent Waves is the seventh studio album by Canadian rock band Rush, released on January 14, 1980.[1] It was recorded at Le Studio in Morin Heights, Quebec, and mixed at Trident Studios in London, UK. Permanent Waves became Rush's first US top five album, hitting #4 on the Billboard 200, and their fifth Gold (later Platinum) selling album. The album marks a distinct transition from long conceptual pieces to a more accessible radio-friendly style; and consequently, a significant increase in record sales for the band. Both of the singles "The Spirit of Radio" and "Freewill" have continued to receive significant radio airplay since the album's release.


The writing of the album began in July 1979, at Lakewoods Farm in Ontario on Georgian Bay, Lake Huron while Neil Peart began writing lyrics in a cottage nearby. Rush began with an instrumental jam, which they named "Uncle Tounouse." Parts of this were used in the songs on the album. While Peart worked on lyrics, Geddy Lee and Alex Lifeson would work on musical ideas in the basement. Within a few days they had put together "The Spirit of Radio", "Freewill", and "Jacob's Ladder", which came very naturally to them, and recorded on a Slider JVC mobile unit. "Entre Nous" was the only lyric completed ahead of time.

Peart attempted to write a song based on Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the 14th-century epic set in King Arthur's time. It was deemed too out of place with the other material and was discarded. The band moved into Sound Kitchen studio in Toronto to record demos, joined by producer Terry Brown. "The Spirit of Radio", "Freewill", and "Jacob's Ladder" were further polished on the warm-up tour during soundchecks and by early September, "The Spirit of Radio" and "Freewill" were being performed live.

Rush headed to Le Studio in Morin Heights, Quebec and began tweaking the settings of instruments and positioning of microphones. They recorded basic tracks with multiple takes until they captured the best performance. While Lee, Lifeson and Brown began overdubs, Peart began attempting to write another longer song, and after enduring three days of writer's block, "Natural Science" was born. Fin Costello was then brought in to photograph the band in the studio. Cover art director Hugh Syme was also brought in and recorded a piano solo for "Different Strings". Music was composed for "Natural Science", with some parts reused from the discarded "Green Knight". The water sounds at the beginning of the song were created by splashing oars in the private lake, performed by Brown and studio assistant Kim Bickerdike, and the natural echo outside was used to record various instruments. The rough mixes on the album were complete, and the final mix was completed in a week at Trident Studios in London.[6][7]


"The Spirit of Radio" featured the band's early experiments with a reggae style in its closing section, which was explored further on the band's next three albums, Moving Pictures, Signals, and Grace Under Pressure.

The song "Jacob's Ladder" uses multiple time signatures, and possesses a dark, ominous feel in its first half. Its lyrics are based on a simple concept; a vision of sunlight breaking through storm clouds. The title is a reference to the natural phenomenon of the sun breaking through the clouds in visible rays, which in turn is named after the Biblical ladder to heaven on which Jacob saw angels ascending and descending in a vision. Early in Rush's 2015 R40 Live Tour, Geddy Lee incorrectly stated that the song had never been played live before, but was corrected by fans on the internet.[8] The 1981 live album Exit...Stage Left includes a performance of "Jacob's Ladder".

"Entre Nous" (French for "between us") did not receive heavy radio airplay, and was not performed live until the Snakes & Arrows Tour in 2007.[9]

While the band began stepping back from the epic song format on this album, the closing track "Natural Science" is over nine minutes long and is composed of three distinct movements. The lyrics are driven by concepts of natural science. It was featured, with a different arrangement, on the 1996 Test for Echo Tour, the 2002 Vapor Trails Tour, the 2007–2008 Snakes & Arrows Tour, and the 2015 R40 Live Tour.


The cover art sparked some controversy because of the appearance of the "Dewey Defeats Truman" headline on the newspaper. After a complaint from the Chicago Tribune, artist Hugh Syme changed the text to "Dewei Defeats Truman". Some later versions of the cover, such as for the Rush Remasters CD release, have the headline blanked out and it appears simply as a white box. The billboards in the distance were changed from Coca-Cola (who objected to the use of their logo) to include each band member's name in similar typestyle. The "200 Gram Vinyl LP w/Download" 2015 reissues have restored the original "Dewei Defeats Truman" paper art, while leaving the Coca-Cola signs with the band's names unchanged.

The background scene comes from a photo, taken by Flip Schulke, of the Galveston Seawall in Texas during Hurricane Carla on September 11, 1961. The woman in the foreground is Canadian model Paula Turnbull,[10] and the man waving in the background is Syme.[11]

1997 remaster[edit]

A remaster was issued in 1997.

  • The tray has a picture of the star with man painting (mirroring the cover art of Retrospective I) with "The Rush Remasters" printed in all capital letters just to the left. All remasters from Rush through to Permanent Waves are like this.
  • Includes the original back cover of the album, showing the band in the recording studio, as well as the inner-sleeve pictures, credits, and lyrics which were missing from the original CD.

Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab released gold CD and "audiophile" LP remasters in early 2008.

Permanent Waves was remastered again in 2011 by Andy VanDette for the "Sector" box sets, which re-released all of Rush's Mercury-era albums. Permanent Waves is included in the Sector 2 set.[12]

Permanent Waves was remastered for vinyl in 2015 by Sean Magee at Abbey Road Studios as a part of the official "12 Months of Rush" promotion.[13] The high definition master prepared for this release was also made available for purchase in 24-bit/96 kHz and 24-bit/192 kHz formats, at several high-resolution audio online music stores. These masters have significantly less dynamic range compression than the 1997 remasters and the "Sector" remasters by Andy VanDette.[14]

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics written by Neil Peart, except "Different Strings" by Geddy Lee; all music composed by Lee and Alex Lifeson.

Side one[15][16]
No. Title Length
1. "The Spirit of Radio" 4:59
2. "Freewill" 5:24
3. "Jacob's Ladder" 7:28
Side two
No. Title Length
4. "Entre Nous" 4:37
5. "Different Strings" 3:50
6. "Natural Science"
  • I: "Tide Pools"
  • II: "Hyperspace"
  • III: "Permanent Waves"
  • 1:57
  • 2:21
  • 5:07



Additional personnel[edit]

  • Erwig Chuapchuaduah – steel drums on "The Spirit of Radio"
  • Hugh Symepiano on "Different Strings", art direction, design, cover concept
  • Deborah Samuel – photography
  • Fin Costello – photography
  • Flip Schulke – photography
  • Terry Brown – arranger, producer, mixing
  • Paul Northfield – engineer
  • Robbie Whelan – assistant engineer
  • Craig Milliner – mixing assistant
  • Adam Moseley – mixing assistant
  • Paula Turnbull – cover girl
  • Robert Gage – Hairdresser to the cover girl
  • Ray Staff – mastering on original album
  • Bob Ludwig – remastering



Year Chart Position
1980 Billboard 200 4[17]
UK Albums Chart 3[18]


"The Spirit of Radio"
  • Released: 1980
  • Written by: Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by: Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #51 US Hot 100; #13 UK
"Entre Nous"
  • Released: 1980
  • Written by: Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by: Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #110 US Hot 100
  • Released: 1980
  • Written by: Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by: Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #109 US Hot 100


Country Organization Sales
U.S. RIAA Platinum (1,000,000)
Canada CRIA Platinum (100,000)
UK BPI Gold (100,000)


  1. ^ a b "About Permanent Waves". Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Prato, Greg. "Permanent Waves – Rush". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  4. ^ Fricke, David (1 May 1980). "Permanent Waves". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  5. ^ "Rush: Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  6. ^ Permanent Waves Tourbook
  7. ^ "Power Windows". Retrieved 2012-06-01. 
  8. ^ "From Rush With Love". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Power Windows...Tour Archives". Archived from the original on 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 
  10. ^ Windows, Power (2009-11-24). "Rush News from Power Windows: Permanent Waves Album Cover Details Explained". Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  11. ^ "Art for art's sake: Permanent waves". 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 
  12. ^ "Andy VanDette On Remastering 15 Rush Albums". 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 
  13. ^ "12 MONTHS OF RUSH: 14 ALBUMS FROM MERCURY ERA FOR RELEASE IN 2015". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Rush – new 2015 vinyl and hi-res reissues thread". Steve Hoffman Music Forums. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  15. ^ Power Windows: A Tribute to Rush Permanent Waves Liner Notes, Accessed October 8, 2012
  16. ^ Original Permanent Waves CD booklet
  17. ^ "Permanent Waves chart position in the US". Billboard. 
  18. ^ "Rush chart positions in the UK". The Official Charts Company.