Jacob Diamond

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Jacob Diamond
Jacob Diamond.jpg
Weight184.5 carats (36.90 g)
ColorColorless
CutRectangular cushion-cut
Country of originIndia India
Mine of originGolconda
Discovered1884
Original ownerThe nizams of India
OwnerGovernment of India
Estimated value£100 million (2008)

The Jacob Diamond, also known as the Imperial or Victoria Diamond, is a colorless Golconda diamond ranked as the fifth-biggest polished diamond in the world.[1][2] The last nizam of the Hyderabad State, Mir Osman Ali Khan, found the diamond in the toe of the shoe of his father (Mahboob Ali Khan) at Chowmahalla Palace and used it as a paper weight for a long time. It was bought by the government of India for an estimated $13 million in 1995. It is cut in a rectangular cushion-cut, with 58 facets, and measures 39.5 mm long, 29.25 mm wide and 22.5 mm deep. The diamond weighs 184.75 carats (36.90 g). Currently, it is kept at the Reserve Bank of India vaults in Mumbai. As part of the nizam's jewellery exhibition in 2001 and 2007, the Jacob Diamond was a major attraction at Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad.

Unlike the famous Koh-i-Noor, the Jacob Diamond has changed hands only twice in the history of its existence and has not been associated with violence.[3]

History[edit]

Before it was sent to Europe to be cut, the uncut diamond is believed to have been over 400 carats (80 g) in weight.[citation needed]

The diamond was put up for sale in 1891 by Alexander Malcolm Jacob, hence the name. It was offered to Mahbub Ali Khan (the sixth nizam of Hyderabad). Initially, the nizam was quite uninterested in the diamond and offered a mere 46 lakhs (4 million rupees) for it. The nizam was asked to make a good faith deposit if he was to go through with the transaction. The European jewel cutters did not like this offer but were forced into court when they lost track of the nizam's deposit. Ultimately, the nizam was awarded the diamond for almost half his original offer, 23 lakhs (2.2 million rupees, approx. $50,000 at 2005 rates) when the case was resolved. Nevertheless, the nizam still showed little interest in the diamond.[citation needed]

It was several years after the death of his father that the last nizam, Osman Ali Khan, found the Jacob Diamond in the toe of his father's shoe at Chowmahalla Palace, and he himself used it as a paperweight for a long time until the diamond's true value was realized and it was stored and taken away as another of the nizam's treasures by the Indian government.[citation needed]

After much litigation, the diamond was purchased by the Government of India from the nizam's trust for an estimated $13 million in 1995, along with other jewels of the nizams, and is held at the Reserve Bank of India vaults in Mumbai.[citation needed]

As part of the nizam's jewellery exhibition in 2001 and 2007, the Jacob diamond was a major attraction at Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bedi, Rahul (12 April 2008). "India finally settles £1million Nizam dispute". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  2. ^ "The Victoria". Famous, Historic and Notable Diamonds.
  3. ^ "Nizams' Jewellery". National Museum, New Delhi. Archived from the original on 11 December 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2013.