Fichman was born in Bălți, Bessarabia, Moldova in 1881. He initially emigrated to Ottoman Palestine in 1912, but returned temporarily to Europe and was stranded there until after World War I, not returning to the then Mandate Palestine, later Israel, until 1919. where he died in 1958.
Fichman's poetry followed a traditional lyric Romantic style. His poetic background is reflected in his works of prose, which were sometimes seen as being nearly works of poetry in themselves. His other work included textbooks, articles in periodicals and introductions in literary anthologies. His critical essays focused heavily on the lives of the authors rather than on focusing directly on their work, giving the reader a holistic view of the author and the work.
- In 1945, Fichman received the Bialik Prize for his book of poetry Peat Sadeh ("A Corner of a Field"), published in 1943.
- In 1953, Fichman again received the Bialik Prize, this time in respect of several of his works.
- In 1957, Fichman was awarded the Israel Prize, for literature.
- "List of Bialik Prize recipients 1933-2004, Tel Aviv Municipality website (in Hebrew)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 17, 2007.
- "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1957 (in Hebrew)". Archived from the original on 2011-09-01.
- The Modern Hebrew Poem Itself (2003), ISBN 0-8143-2485-1
- History of Jewish Literature 1930 (1941), ISBN 0-7661-4372-4