Jacob Sarratt

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Jacob Henry Sarratt (1772 – 6 November 1819) was one of the top English chess players of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Sarratt was renowned as a player and author and adopted the title "Professor of Chess".[1] He was the first professional player to teach chess in England. [2] He introduced into England the chess rule that a stalemate is a draw, which was commonly used on the continent of Europe. [3] He coined with his works of 1813 and 1821 the term Muzio Gambit. He was a pupil of Verdoni and later the teacher of William Lewis and Peter Unger Williams.