He was the stepson and pupil of painter and draftsman Hendrik Goltzius, and brother-in-law to engraver Simon van Poelenburgh, having married his sister, Marijtgen. He made several engravings after the paintings of Peter Paul Rubens from 1611-1615, and also a series after the work of Pieter Aertsen. In 1613, engraver Jan van de Velde was apprenticed to him. He was the father of Jan, Theodor and Adriaen Matham, the latter of whom was a notable engraver in his own right.
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- Bradley, William Aspenwall (1918). Dutch Landscape Etchers of the Seventeenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 12.
- Golahny, Amy (2007). In His Milieu: Essays on Netherlandish Art in Memory of John Michael Montias. Amsterdam University Press. ISBN 90-5356-933-2.
- Hind, Arthur Magyer (1908). A Short History of Engraving & Etching. A. Constable & Co., Ltd. p. 120.
- Sutton, Peter C. (2004). Drawn by the Brush: Oil Sketches by Peter Paul Rubens. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10626-2.
- Honig, Elizabeth A. (1999). Painting and the Market in Early Modern Antwerp. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07239-2.
- Bisanz-Prakken, Marian (2005). Rembrandt and His Time: Masterworks from the Albertina, Vienna. Hudson Hills. ISBN 1-55595-257-7.
- Vermeer and The Delft School, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on Jacob Matham
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