Jacob S. Worm-Müller
|Jacob Stenersen Worm-Müller|
25 December 1884|
|Died||12 November 1963(aged 78)|
|Occupation||Historian, magazine editor, university professor and politician|
|Notable work||Editor-in-chief of Samtiden (1925–1940; 1945–1963)|
|Awards||Commander of the Order of St. Olav (1951)|
Jacob Stenersen Worm-Müller (25 December 1884 – 12 November 1963) was a Norwegian historian, magazine editor, and professor at the University of Oslo. He was a politician, a delegate to the League of Nations and the United Nations.
Early and personal life
Worm-Müller was born in Kristiania as the son of physician and physiology professor Jacob Worm-Müller (1834–1889) and Aurora Olivia Eleonore Louise Olsen. He was married to Johanne Caroline Elisabeth Lippestad—daughter of Johan Anton Lippestad and sister of Fascist politician Johan Lippestad—from 1910 to 1927, and to Asta Josefina Blidberg from 1939.
Worm-Müller became dr.philos. in 1919 with the thesis Norge gjennom nødsaarene, a documentation on the period from 1807 to 1810. He referred to this period as the "distress years" since Norway suffered from the Gunboat War and the Continental System. He started lecturing at the University of Kristiania in 1919, and was a professor from 1928. His research work Christiania og krisen efter Napoleonskrigene from 1922 is regarded a central contribution to economic history. He was editor-in-chief for the magazine Samtiden from 1925 to 1940, and again from 1945 to 1963. He was delegate to the League of Nations in 1926 and 1927. He participated in politics during the 1930s, by running for election to the Norwegian Parliament for the Liberal Party, but was not elected.
As an adviser to the Norwegian Nobel Committee, he wrote a report critical of Mahatma Gandhi's nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize.
After the German invasion and subsequent occupation of Norway in April 1940 he had a significant influence on negotiations in Parliament in September the same year. His University lectures on the historical events back in 1905 were of such a character that the Nazi authorities demanded their cancellation. Worm-Müller left the country to join the exile government in London, where he edited the magazine The Norseman from 1942 to 1945.
Worm-Müller was a delegate from Norway to the San Francisco Conference that resulted in the foundation of the United Nations in 1945. He was a Norwegian delegate to the United Nations from 1946 to 1951. He was chairman for the Liberal Party of Norway from 1945 to 1952.
- Kirkhusmo, Anders. "Jacob S Worm-Müller". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
- Wasberg, Gunnar Christie (2007). "Jacob S. Worm-Müller". In Henriksen, Petter. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
- "Mahatma Gandhi, the Missing Laureate". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2017-12-23.
- Dahl, Hans Fredrik (1995). "Worm-Müller, Jacob S.". In Dahl, Hjeltnes, Nøkleby, Ringdal, Sørensen. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. pp. 452–453. ISBN 82-02-14138-9. Retrieved 11 April 2009.
- "Department of State bulletin". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
- Sira, Inger Helene; Dan Plesch (2008). "The Forgotten Story: Norway's role in the Creation of the United Nations" (PDF). Retrieved 13 April 2009.
- "The United States and the Founding of the United Nations, August 1941 - October 1945". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
|Party political offices|
Johan Ludwig Mowinckel
|Leader of the Liberal Party of Norway