Jacob Volhard

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Jacob Volhard
Jacob Volhard.jpg
Jacob Volhard
Born (1834-06-04)4 June 1834
Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine
Died 14 January 1910(1910-01-14) (aged 75)
Halle/Saale, German Empire
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Doctoral advisor Justus Liebig,
Heinrich Will
Doctoral students Hugo Erdmann,
Johannes Thiele,
Rudolf Schenck,
Daniel Vorländer,
Hermann Staudinger
Known for Volhard-Erdmann cyclization ,
Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky halogenation.

Jacob Volhard (4 June 1834 – 14 January 1910) was the German chemist who discovered, together with his student Hugo Erdmann, the Volhard-Erdmann cyclization reaction. He was also responsible for the improvement of the Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky halogenation.

From 1852 to 1855 he studied chemistry at the University of Giessen, and afterwards, furthered his education at the University of Heidelberg. For two years he worked as an assistant under Justus von Liebig at the University of Munich, and in 1860/61 studied with August Wilhelm von Hofmann in London. In 1863 he obtained his habilitation at Munich, where he subsequently became an associate professor. In the meantime, he worked in the Institute of Plant Physiology at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (1865–76). In 1876 he was named a professor of organic chemistry at the University of Erlangen, then in 1882 relocated to the University of Halle, where he served as a professor up until 1908.[1]

Selected works[edit]

  • Die Begründung der Chemie durch Lavoisier, 1870 – The founding of chemistry by Antoine Lavoisier.
  • Experiments in general chemistry and introduction to chemical analysis, 1889; Analytic tables by Clemens Zimmermann, translated by Edward Renouf.
  • August Wilhelm von Hofmann : ein Lebensbild im Auftrage der Deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft, 1902 – Biography of August Wilhelm von Hofmann.
  • Justus von Liebig (2 volumes, 1909) – Biography of Justus von Liebig.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Important Figures of Analytical Chemistry from Germany in Brief Biographies ... by D. Thorburn Burns, R. Klaus Müller, Reiner Salzer, Gerhard Werner
  2. ^ HathiTrust Digital Library (published works)
  3. ^ Most widely held works by Jakob Volhard WorldCat Identities