Jacob C. Vouza

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Sir Jacob Charles Vouza
Jacob Vouza;USMC-C-Guadalcanal-27.gif
Born 1900(?)
Guadalcanal
Died 15 March 1984 (aged 83–84)
Guadalcanal
Allegiance Solomon Islands
Service/branch
  • Solomon Islands Protectorate Armed Constabulary (1916–1941)
  • Coastwatchers (1942–1945)
Years of service 1916–1941
1942-c.1945
Rank Sergeant Major (Constabulary)
Unit 2nd Raider Battalion, USMC
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
George Medal
Silver Star (United States)
Legion of Merit (United States)
Other work British Solomon Islands Protectorate Advisory Council

Sir Jacob Charles Vouza KBE, GM (1900 – 15 March 1984) was a native police officer of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate, who served heroically with the United States Marine Corps in the Guadalcanal campaign during World War II.

Early life[edit]

Vouza was born in Tasimboko, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, and educated at the South Seas Evangelical Mission School there. In 1916 he joined the Solomon Islands Protectorate Armed Constabulary. He retired in 1941, after 25 years of service, at the rank of Sergeant Major.

World War II service[edit]

In mid-1942, Japanese forces invaded Guadalcanal. Vouza returned to active duty with the British forces and volunteered to work with the Coastwatchers. A Scotsman, Major Martin Clemens, a former British Solomon Islands Protectorate District Officer, was the officer in charge of Sgt. Major Vouza's brigade of native scouts.[1] Vouza's ability as a scout had already been established when the US 1st Marine Division landed on Guadalcanal on 7 August 1942. That same day, Vouza rescued an aviator from USS Wasp who was shot down in Japanese-held territory. He guided the pilot to American lines, where he met the Marines for the first time.

Vouza then volunteered to scout behind enemy lines. On 20 August, while scouting for suspected Japanese outposts, Vouza was captured by men of the Ichiki Detachment, a battalion-strength force of the Japanese 28th Infantry Regiment. Having found a small American flag in Vouza's loincloth, the Japanese tied him to a tree and tortured him for information about Allied forces.[2] Vouza was questioned for hours, but refused to talk. He was then bayoneted in both of his arms, throat, shoulder, face, and stomach, and left to die.

After his captors departed, he freed himself by chewing through the ropes with his teeth, and made his way through the miles of jungle to American lines.[2] Before accepting medical attention from Lt. Col. Stanley Radzyminski MD, he gasped a warning to Martin Clemens[3]:209–210 and Lieutenant Colonel Edwin A. Pollock, whose 2nd Battalion 1st Marines held the defences at the Ilu River mouth. Vouza told him that an estimated 250 to 500 Japanese soldiers were coming to attack his position in any minute. This warning gave the Marines brief but precious time of about 10 minutes to prepare their defences along the Ilu river. The subsequent Battle of the Tenaru was a clear victory for the Marines.

After spending 12 days in the hospital and receiving 16 pints of blood, Vouza returned to duty as the chief scout for the Marines. He accompanied Lieutenant Colonel Evans F. Carlson and the 2nd Raider Battalion on their 30-day raid behind enemy lines.

Vouza on Guadalcanal in August 1942, soon after the Allied landings.
Sir Jacob Vouza memorial at Honiara, Solomon Islands.

Awards[edit]

Sergeant Major Vouza was highly decorated for his World War II service. The Silver Star was presented to him personally by Major General Alexander A. Vandegrift, commanding general of the 1st Marine Division, for refusing to give information under Japanese torture. He also was awarded the Legion of Merit for outstanding service with the 2d Raider Battalion during November and December 1942, and was made an honorary Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps.[4] From the British government, he received the George Medal[5] for gallant conduct and exceptional devotion to duty and the Police Long Service Medal and, in 1957, was appointed an MBE for public services in the British Solomon Islands Protectorate.[6] In 1979, he was elevated to the KBE for outstanding services to his country and local community.[7]

After the war[edit]

After the war, Vouza continued to serve his fellow islanders. He was appointed district headman in 1949, and was president of the Guadalcanal Council from 1952 to 1958. He was a member of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate Advisory Council from 1950 to 1960.

He made many friends during his association with the Marine Corps, and Marines frequently visited him on Guadalcanal. In 1968, Vouza visited the United States as the honoured guest of the 1st Marine Division Association. He wore his Marine Corps tunic until his death on 15 March 1984, and was buried in it.

A monument in his honour stands in front of the police headquarters building in Honiara, the capital of Solomon Islands.[8]

Photos of plaques on the Honiara Monument
Plaque on the Sir Jacob Vouza memorial at Rove, Honiara Solomon Islands – Battle of Guadalcanal 
Second plaque on the Sir Jacob Vouza memorial at Rove, Honiara Solomon Islands – Battle of Guadalcanal 
Plaque on the Sir Jacob Vouza memorial at Rove, Honiara Solomon Islands – 1989 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Don Richards, Author "Where The Sun Stood Still
  2. ^ a b Toland, John. The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936-1945 p 366 Random House New York 1970
  3. ^ Clemens, Martin (1998). Alone on Guadalcanal: a coastwatcher's story. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781557501226. 
  4. ^ First Offensive: The Marine Campaign for Guadalcanal, Henry I. Shaw, Jr.
  5. ^ "(Supplement) no. 35847". The London Gazette. 1 January 1943. p. 154. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "(Supplement) no. 40960". The London Gazette. 28 December 1956. p. 28. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "(Supplement) no. 47877". The London Gazette. 15 June 1979. p. 43. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Sir Jacob Vouza-Solomon Islands War Hero", Gina Maka'a, Solomon Times, 22 September 2008
Bibliography