In mathematics, a Jacobi form is an automorphic form on the Jacobi group, which is the semidirect product of the symplectic group Sp(n;R) and the Heisenberg group . The theory was first systematically studied by Eichler & Zagier (1985).
A Jacobi form of level 1, weight k and index m is a function φ(τ,z) of two complex variables (with τ in the upper half plane) such that
- for all integers λ μ.
- has a Fourier expansion
Examples in two variables include Jacobi theta functions, the Weierstrass ℘ function, and Fourier–Jacobi coefficients of Siegel modular forms of genus 2. Examples with more than two variables include characters of some irreducible highest-weight representations of affine Kac–Moody algebras. Meromorphic Jacobi forms appear in the theory of Mock modular forms.